Characteristics of Attachment Disorder and Autism Spectrum Disorder Based on Fingertip Pulse Wave Data
American Journal of Information Science and Technology
Volume 4, Issue 3, September 2020, Pages: 51-57
Received: Jul. 31, 2020; Accepted: Aug. 14, 2020; Published: Aug. 31, 2020
Views 89      Downloads 53
Authors
Junko Tsujino, Department of Children's Future, Faculty of Education, Himeji University, Himeji, Japan
Keiko Horii, Department of Early Childhood Education, Himeji-Hinomoto College, Himeji, Japan
Article Tools
Follow on us
Abstract
DUAL measurements were taken from Child A, Child B, and Child C, respectively paired with their nursery teacher, to visualize any mental interactions with the teacher. The authors adopted finger pulse waves as a piece of biological data and used DUAL measurement to calculate mental flexibility (Largest Lyapunov Exponent: LLE) and autonomic nerve balance (ANB). Subjects are child with reactive attachment disorder (RAD; Child A), child with autism spectrum disorder (ASD; Child B), and control child (CC; Child C). As for Child A, there was correlation between the LLE of parallel measurement and the LLE of face-to-face measurement (r=0.91 (p=0.03)). As for Child B, there was correlation between the ANB of parallel measurement and the ANB of face-to-face measurement (r=0.93 (p=0.01)). As for Child C, there was a negative correlation between the ANB of parallel measurement and the LLE of parallel measurement (r=-0.89 (p=0.01)). There were no changes in the mental fluctuations of RAD, despite changes in situation between parallel measurement and face-to-face measurement. It can be said that tendencies in mental fluctuations that occur by interaction with other people are constant between parallel measurement and face-to-face measurement. In conclusion, regarding RAD, this study observed mental fluctuations shown in LLE, and regarding ASD, this study observed autonomic nerve balance shown in ANB. This study observed a relationship between the autonomic nerve balance shown in ANB and the mental fluctuations shown in LLE. This led to the understanding that an interrelation of ANB and LLE is related to the communication of the control child when parallel. In terms of the mechanism of communicative ability, a mental factor is relevant for RAD, while autonomic nerve balance is relevant for ASD. In addition, it is ANB and LLE that have relevance for CC. We would like to conduct further research to track mental states of children with reactive attachment disorder and autism spectrum disorder, by using finger pulse waves data as relevant biological information.
Keywords
Attachment Disorder, Autism Spectrum Disorder, Finger Pulse Waves, DUAL Measurement, Largest Lyapunov Exponent, Autonomic Nerve Balance
To cite this article
Junko Tsujino, Keiko Horii, Characteristics of Attachment Disorder and Autism Spectrum Disorder Based on Fingertip Pulse Wave Data, American Journal of Information Science and Technology. Vol. 4, No. 3, 2020, pp. 51-57. doi: 10.11648/j.ajist.20200403.13
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
References
[1]
Oyama-Higa, M. (2006) Development of a self-check system for mental health, which uses Nonlinear Chaos Analysis of Pulse Waves. The 12th Open Symposium “Humanities Science and Database” Executive Committee, 31-41.
[2]
Oyama-Higa, M. (2012) Psychology of "fluctuation" that enhances the immunity of the mind. Shoudensha, Japan.
[3]
Tsujino, J. and Oyama-Higa, M. (2007) Does a Mother’s Attachment to Her Child Affect Biological Information provided by the Child? 2007 IEEE Conference on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics 2030-2034.
[4]
Tsujino, J. and Oyama-Higa, M. (2008) Measurement of Ear Pulse Waves in Children: Effect of Facing Another Child and Relationship to an Action Index. 2008 IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man and Cybernetics Proceedings, 2972-2976.
[5]
Tsujino, J. and Oyama-Higa, M. (2010) Examining the relationship between the child's pulse waves and mother's attachment. Journal of Kansai Women's College, 19: 13-26.
[6]
Tsujino, J. and Ue, H. (2011) Examining the relationship between ego developmental crisis and fingertip pulse waves in university students. Journal of Kansai Welfare Sciences, 2: 115-124.
[7]
Tsujino, J. and Tanabiki, M. (2017) Characteristics of children's "anxiety" behavior in chaos analysis of fingertip pulse waves. Himeji-Hinomoto College, 40: 97-106.
[8]
Tsujino, J., Oyama-Higa, M. (2018) Longitudinal Study on Mental Interactions between Difficult Children and their nursery teacher based on DUAL measurements of Finger Pulse Waves. ICIME2018 International Conference, 94-104.
[9]
Tsujino, J. and Horii, K. (2019) Child attachment disorder and biological information. Bulletin of Himeji-Hinomoto College 42: 99-109.
[10]
Zeanah CH, Gleason MM (2015) Annual research review: Attachment disorder in early childhood -clinical presentation, causes, correlates, and treatment. Journal of Child Psychology Psychiatry, 56: 207-222.
[11]
Lehmann. S, Havik, OE. & Havik, T. et al. (2013) Mental in foster children: A study of prevalence, comorbidity and risk factors. Child Adolescent Psychiatry Mental Health, 7: 39.
[12]
Shimano, S. (2014) Study (7) on "anxious children": check lists are made based on surveys of "difficult children" in kindergartens. Bulletin of Morioka Junior College, 24: 33-44.
[13]
Shimano, S. (2007) A study of difficult children: research on the difficult child as observed in preschools by students of a junior college. Bulletin of Morioka Junior College 17: 21-35.
[14]
Bowlby, J. (1969) Attachment and Loss Vol.; Attachment. Basic Books.
[15]
Ainsworth, MD., Bell, SM (1970) Attachment exploration and separation: Illustrate 4th by the behavior of one-year-olds in a strange situation. Child Development, 4: 49-67.
[16]
Main, M. & Morgan, H. (1996) Disorganization and disorientation in infant strange situation behavior – Phenotype resemblance to dissociative states, In (eds.) Michelson, Lk. & Ray W. J.: Theoretical empirical and clinical perspective. Plenum Press, New York, 107-138.
[17]
Bretherton, I. (1990) Communication patters internal working models, and intergenerational transmission of attachment relationships. Infant Mental Health Journal, 11: 237-252.
[18]
Kanner, L. (1943) Autistic disturbances of affective contact. Nervous Child, 2: 217-250.
[19]
Rutter, M. (1968) Concepts of autism: a review of research. Journal of Child Psychology & Psychiatry, 9: 1-25.
[20]
Diagnostic Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders THIRD EDUTION; Dsm-3 (1980) American Psychiatric Association.
[21]
Wing, L. (1981) Asperger's syndrome: a clinical account. Psychological Medicine, 11 (1): 115–29.
[22]
Diagnostic Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders FORTH EDUTION; Dsm-4 (1994) American Psychiatric Association.
[23]
Diagnostic Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders FIFTH EDUTION; Dsm-5 (2013) American Psychiatric Association.
[24]
Shimizu, T. and Miao, T. (2004) Evaluations of Driver's status by chaotic analysis of finger photoplethysmography. human interface 6 (1): 97-99.
[25]
Sano, M., Sawada, Y. and Iwanaga, I. (1992) Chaotic pulsation in capillary vessels and its dependence on mental and physical conditions, Int. J. Bifurcation and Chaos, 2: 313-324.
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-983-5186