Risk Assessment and Control for Main Hazards in Reverse Osmosis Desalination Plants
Volume 2, Issue 1, June 2018, Pages: 1-11
Received: May 12, 2018;
Accepted: May 29, 2018;
Published: Jun. 28, 2018
Views 1070 Downloads 273
Ahmed Fathy Awwad, Health and Safety Department, Ittefaq Steel Company, Dammam, KSA
Mohammed Hassan Gobran, Mechanical Power Engineering Department, Zagzig University, Zagazig, Egypt
Radwan Mostafa Kamal, Mechanical Power Engineering Department, Zagzig University, Zagazig, Egypt
Mohammed Abdel Hameed Boraey, Mechanical Power Engineering Department, Zagzig University, Zagazig, Egypt
Follow on us
As the manpower is the most valuable and important element for production in any industrial plant or organisation, so their health and safety must be managed to protect them against the reasonably foreseeable risks. In this paper risk assessment is carried out for five Reverse Osmosis desalination plants to detect the main hazards in such type of plants. Health safety executive -five steps to risk assessment model is used including 5×5 risk matrix to rank the risk level and then represented by color code to clarify the priority. The materials, equipment, working place and peoples included in the operation are considered while assessing the risk and working activities are monitored and analyzed. The most common hazards are found in working at height, working inside confined spaces or under water, exposure to noise, contacting with uncovered rotating equipment, electricity, high pressurized fluid and fire. The control measures are introduced to mitigate the level of identified risks to an acceptable level like developing a permit to work system and procedures for confined space entry or working under water, lock out and tag out of the power supply while dealing with electrical equipment, guarding all rotating parts of the machines, provide the right equipment for working at height, reduce the exposure time to noise and providing sufficient training, information and safety instructions to the employees. This paper can be used as a safety booklet for RO desalination plants operators.
Risk Assessment, Hazard Identification, Occupational Health and Safety, Reverse Osmosis, Desalination Plants, Hazards Control Measures
To cite this article
Ahmed Fathy Awwad,
Mohammed Hassan Gobran,
Radwan Mostafa Kamal,
Mohammed Abdel Hameed Boraey,
Risk Assessment and Control for Main Hazards in Reverse Osmosis Desalination Plants, Industrial Engineering.
Vol. 2, No. 1,
2018, pp. 1-11.
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Barlow, m. And t. Clarke, blue gold: the battle against corporate theft of the world's water. 2017: routledge.
Hernández-Sánchez, J. C., N. Boluda Botella, and J. L. Sánchez-Lizaso, The role of desalination in water management in southeast Spain. 2017.
Karaghouli, a. And kazmerski, l. Economıc and technıcal analysıs of reverse osmosıs water desalınatıon plants usıng deep-3. 2 software, journal of environmental science & engineering, vol. 1 ıssue 3a, p318, march 2012.
ILO, occupatıonal health and safety conventıon no 155, 67th ılc session, artıcle 16, geneva, 1981.
HSE, brıef guıde to controlıng rısk ın work place, health and safety executıve, merseyside, 2014.
Hanada, v, accıdent preventıon ın desalınatıon plants, journal of desalination and water resources, plant operatıon managemen.
Asem research task force on rısk based ınspectıon guıdlıne, formed durıng 1986 and 1987.
Donagi, water treatment plant operator hazard data sheet, ınternational labour organisation, geneva, 2012.
Shamseldin, a, chemical hazards in seawater desalination by the multistage-flash evaporation technique, journal of desalination and water resources, common fundamentals and unit operations in thermal desalination systems – vol. Iii.
OSHA, fall protection system, 29 cfr 1910, occupatıonal health and safety admıstratıon, washington https://www.osha.gov/sltc/fallprotection/
HSE, the control of noise at work regulation, the stationery office limited, UK, 2005.
HSE, controlıng noıse at work 2nd eddıtıon, health safety executive, uk, 2005, page 58.
Yates, a, safety professional’s reference & study guide, Taylor & Francis group, Florida, 2015, page 522.
Brauer, l, safety and health for engıneers-second eddıtıon, john wiley & sons, new jersey, 2006, page 582.
Manuele, f, advanced safety management focusıng on serıous ınjury pre, john wiley & sons, new jersey, 2008, page 138.