RF Communication and IoT Paradigms System Proposal for Effective Consumption and Equity Distribution of Community Water in Developing Countries: A Case Study
Volume 3, Issue 1, June 2019, Pages: 11-20
Received: Jun. 12, 2019;
Accepted: Jul. 10, 2019;
Published: Jul. 24, 2019
Views 515 Downloads 137
Pierre Tsafack, Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, University of Buea, Buea, Cameroon
Florin Hutu, Department of Electrical Engineering, Institut National des Sciences Appliquées de Lyon, Lyon, France
Emmanuel Tanyi, Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, University of Buea, Buea, Cameroon
Bruno Allard, Department of Electrical Engineering, Institut National des Sciences Appliquées de Lyon, Lyon, France
Water scarcity poses a serious threat to the population in the most areas of developing countries. In addition to that, the traditional manual nearby approach of following up the water distribution network is unable to ensure an effective and equity use of the small water resources available. A dedicated real-time monitoring system based on radio frequency (RF) communication and internet of things (IoT) paradigms is proposed in this paper. This monitoring system is essential and constitutes a proposed solution for the local water management and equity distribution of the available poor water resources. An alert system recalls users to any abnormal water usage to reduce water loss or to check and solve usual leakages. A customer’s water consumption visualization as well as a setting of his desired consumption alert system are performed using a home dashboard; the monitoring of the system by the water utility company is achieved using a web-based system through Thingspeak cloud computing platform. For an immediate and easy local implementation of the prototype, the system technology was chosen in already validated most cases; in other words, Commercial-Off-The-Shelf (COTS) components were used. For better and optimum results, most dedicated similar COTS components will be selected using the already running systems.
RF Communication and IoT Paradigms System Proposal for Effective Consumption and Equity Distribution of Community Water in Developing Countries: A Case Study, Industrial Engineering.
Vol. 3, No. 1,
2019, pp. 11-20.
Ramy A. Fathy, "Smart Water Management," in ITU-T Focus Group on Smart Water Management, Kampala, Uganda, June 2014.
Du Rong, Wireless Sensor Networks in Smart Cities: The Monitoring of Water Distribution Networks Case: Stockholm, May 2016.
United States Environmental Protection Agency, Water Distribution System Analysis: Field Studies, Modeling and Management., 2005.
Advanced Metering Infrastructure Attack Methodology, January 5, 2009.
T. Khalifa, K. Naik, and A. Nayak, "A survey of communication protocols for automatic meter reading applications," IEEE Communications Surveys and Tutorials, vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 168– 182, 2011.
John McNabb, "Vulnerabilities of Wireless Water Meter Networks," Black Hat USA, Las Vegas, August 3, 2011.
S. Moore and D. M. Hughes, "Advanced metering infrastructure: lifeblood for water utilities," Journal of the American Water Works Association, pp. 64-68., April 2008.
M. J. Mudumbe and A. M. Abu-Mahfouz, "Smart water meter system for user-centric consumption measurement," in Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Industrial Informatics (INDIN ’15), pp. 993–998, July 2015.
V. C. Gungor, D. Sahin, T. Kocak et al, "Smart grid technologies: communication technologies and standards," IEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics, vol. 7, no. 4, pp. 529–539, 2011.
M. Y. Nayan, A. H. Primicanta, and M. Awan, "Hybrid automatic meter reading system," in Proceedings of the International Conference on Computer Technology and Development (ICCTD ’09) Kota Kinabalu, Malaysia, vol. 2, pp. 264–267, 2009.
B. Zhang and J. Liu, "kind of design schema of wireless smart water meter reading system based on Zigbee technology," in Proceedings of the International Conference on E-Product E-Service and E-Entertainment (ICEEE ’10), IEEE, Henan, China, November 2010.
H. Dhaka, A. Jain, and K. Verma, "Impact of coordinator mobility on the throughput in a Zigbee mesh networks," in Proceedings of the IEEE 2nd International Advance Computing Conference (IACC ’10) Patiala, India, pp. 279–284, February 2010.
S. Arun et al, “ZigBee Based Electric Meter Reading System”, International Journal of Computer Science Issues, Vol. 8, Issue 5, No 2, September 2011.
S. C. Hsia, Y. J. Chang, and S. W. Hsu, "Remote monitoring and smart sensing for water meter system and leakage detection," IET Wireless Sensor Systems, vol. 2, no. 4, pp. 402–408, 2012.
Z. Zheng, X. Zhou, and W. Z., "Design and implementation of remote meter reading system," in Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Software Technology and Engineering (ICSTE ’10), San Juan, Puerto Rico, USA, vol. 2, pp. 247-250, 2010.
Uzair Ahmed Rajput et al, “Modeling of Arduino-based Prepaid Energy Meter using GSM Technology”, International Journal of Advanced Computer Science and Applications, Vol. 9, No. 5, 2018.
Espressif Systems IOT Team, http://bbs.espressif.com/
Sharmad Pasha, Thingspeak Based Sensing and Monitoring System for IoT with Matlab Analysis; International Journal of New Technology and Research (IJNTR) ISSN: 2454-4116, Volume-2, Issue-6, June 2016 Pages m19-23.