Investigation of Forced Convective Heat Transfer in Nanofluids
Industrial Engineering
Volume 4, Issue 1, June 2020, Pages: 1-6
Received: Aug. 6, 2019; Accepted: Dec. 25, 2019; Published: Jan. 16, 2020
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Zain Fathy Abu Shaeer, Department of Basic Engineering Science, Higher Institute of Engineering and Technology, HIET Kafrelsheikh, Egypt
Mofreh Hamada Hamed, Higher Institute of Engineering and Technology, MNF-HIET Menoufia, Egypt; Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Kafrelsheikh University, Kafr Elsheikh, Egypt
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The present paper concerns a theoretical study of heat transfer of the laminar two dimensional flows of various nanofluids taking into account the dissipation due to viscous term past a 2-D flat plate had a different temperatures. The steady incompressible flow equations were used and transformed to a nonlinear Ordinary Differential Equation (ODE) using a similarity variable. These equations were solved numerically using implicit finite difference method in which the partial derivatives were replaced by appropriate central differences patterns and using Newton’s method to linearize the resulting algebraic equations. Finally, the block-tridiagonal-elimination technique was used to solve that linear system. Three types of nanoparticles namely, Cu-water, Al2O3-water, and TiO2-water in the base flow of water were considered. The symbolic software Mathematica was used in the present study. Different types of nanoparticles, different values of, nanoparticle volume fraction, Eckart and Prandtl number were tested and analyzed at different wall temperature. The effect of these parameters on the flow behaviour, the local skin friction coefficient, Nusselt number, the velocity and the temperature profiles were presented and investigated. It is concluded that these parameters affect the fluid flow behaviour and heat transfer parameters especially nanoparticle concentration. The presence of nanoparticles showed an enhancement in the heat transfer rate moreover its type has a significant effect on heat transfer enhancement.
Nanofluid, Flat Plate, Heat Transfer, Viscous Dissipation, Wall Temperature
To cite this article
Zain Fathy Abu Shaeer, Mofreh Hamada Hamed, Investigation of Forced Convective Heat Transfer in Nanofluids, Industrial Engineering. Vol. 4, No. 1, 2020, pp. 1-6. doi: 10.11648/
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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