World Journal of Food Science and Technology
Volume 4, Issue 1, March 2020, Pages: 1-7
Received: Jan. 7, 2020;
Accepted: Feb. 3, 2020;
Published: Feb. 19, 2020
Views 288 Downloads 170
Yahaya Sadiq Abdulrahman, Nigerian Institute for Oil palm Research, Date palm Research Substation, Dutse, Nigeria; Department of Plant Biology, Federal University of Technology, Minna, Nigeria
Falusi Olamide Ahmed, Department of Plant Biology, Federal University of Technology, Minna, Nigeria
Gana Saba Andrew, Department of Crop Production, Federal University of Technology, Minna, Nigeria
Daudu Oladipupo Abdulazeez Yusuf, Department of Plant Biology, Federal University of Technology, Minna, Nigeria
Abdulkarim Bello Muhammad, Department of Plant Science and Biotechnology, Nassarawa State University, Keffi, Nigeria
Osaro-odin Precious Eloghosa, Nigerian Institute for Oil palm Research, Date palm Research Substation, Dutse, Nigeria
Aliyu Rahamat Hussaini, Department of Plant Science and Biotechnology, Nassarawa State University, Keffi, Nigeria
The chemical constituents present in plants have been reported to vary with the geographical location of the plants. This investigation assessed the nutritional composition of some selected date fruits from the experimental gene pool in dutse, Nigeria in order to investigate any uniqueness relative to Date palms cultivated in other regions. The proximate analysis of the date fruits were quantitatively analyzed for carbohydrates, protein, lipids, fiber, moisture, sucrose, glucose and fructose. The mineral contents were analyzed using atomic absorption spectrophotometer (AAS). The highest moisture content were recorded for accession R13P5 (7.65±0.03). Moreover, carbohydrate and protein content was found to be highest in accessions R5P24 (64.55±5.73) and R4P29 (7.13±0.19) respectively. Similarly the ash, fiber and lipid contents were highest in accessions R5P8, R14P21 and R5P24 respectively. Considerable amounts of sucrose, glucose and fructose were recorded in all the accessions. The mineral contents analyzed indicated good sources of minerals such as calcium, magnesium, sodium, potassium and phosphorus. The present finding helps in understanding the nutritional status of different accessions in some Nigerian date palm fruits which can serve as a baseline for selection in improvement of the crop for the nutritional health benefits.
Yahaya Sadiq Abdulrahman,
Falusi Olamide Ahmed,
Gana Saba Andrew,
Daudu Oladipupo Abdulazeez Yusuf,
Abdulkarim Bello Muhammad,
Osaro-odin Precious Eloghosa,
Aliyu Rahamat Hussaini,
Nutritional Properties of Some Selected Date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L) Land Races in Nigeria, World Journal of Food Science and Technology.
Vol. 4, No. 1,
2020, pp. 1-7.
SaadaM Al-Orf., Mona H M Ahmed., Norah Al-Atwai, Huda Al-Zaidi., Asma Dehwah, and Sumayyah Dehwah. (2012). Nutritional Properties and Benefits of the Date Fruits (Phoenix dactylifera L.). Review: Bulletin of the National Nutrition Institute of the Arab Republic of Egypt, (39) 97.
Franz, A., Jörn, B. and UdoCenskowsky, P. (2002). Date Palm Natural, 1st edition.
Vayalil, P. K. (2002). Antioxidant and antimutagenic properties of aqueous extract of date fruit (Phoenix dactylifera L. Arecaceae). Journal of Agriculture and Food Chemistry, 50: 610–7.
Sadiq, S. IzuagieT., Shuaibu, M., Dogoyaro, A, Garba, A., Abubakar, S. (2013). The Nutritional Evaluation and Medicinal Value of Date Palm (Phoenix dactylifera) International Journal of Modern Chemistry, 4 (3), 147-154.
Okolo E. C., Okwuagwu C. O. and Ataga C. D. (2005). Prospect of date plantation establishment in Nigeria. Journal of Agric forestry and fisheries, 6: 1: 24-28.
Ataga, C. D., Hamza M. A, A. O. Yusuf (2012). Status Of Date Palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) Genetic Resources in Nigeria. International journal of life science and pharma research, 2 (2), 46-51.
Galant, Kaufman & Wilson, (2015). Glucose: detection and analysis. Food Chemistry. 188: 149-160.
Ojobor CC, Anosike CA, Ezeanyika LUS. (2018). Evaluation of Phytochemical, Proximate and Nutritive Potentials of Cocos nucifera (Coconut) Seeds. Journal of Experimental Research, 2 (6), 2.
Crisan EV, Sands A. (1978). Nutritional value. New York: Academic Press.
Al-Harrasi, A., Rehman, N. U., Hussain, J., Khan, A. L., Al-Rawahi, A., Gilani, S. A., M. Al-Broumi. and L. Ali. (2014). Nutritional assessment and antioxidant analysis of 22 date palm (Phoenix dactylifera) varieties growing in Sultanate of Oman. Asian Pacific Journal Tropical Medicine, 7: 591-598.
Ghnimi, S, Syed Ume, A, Eldin, A. (2017). Date fruit (Phoenix dactylifera L.): An underutilized food seeking industrial valorization. NFS journal, pp 1-10.
Borchani Chema., Souhail Besbes, Christophe Blecker, Manel Masmoudi, Rochdi Baati and Hamadi Attia. (2010). Chemical properties of 11 date cultivars and their corresponding fiber extracts, African Journal of Biotechnology, 9 (26), 4096-4105.
Kazi N. A., Yadav J. P. and Agale M. G. (2015). Nutritional value of fruits. Scholarly Research Journal for Interdisciplinary Studies, 2937-2943.
Thilagavathiand Gayathri. (2019). Comparison of physicochemical and functional properties of two different varieties of unripe date palm. Journal for all Subjects, 8 (6) 1-7.
Baliga, M. S., B. R. V. Baliga, S. M. Kandathil, H. P. Bhat and P. K. Vayalil. 2011. A review of the chemistry and pharmacology of the date fruits (Phoenix dactylifera. Food Research International. 44: 1812–1822.
Saafi, E. B., A. E. Arem, M. Issaoui, M. Hammamiand L. Achour. 2009. Phenolic content and antioxidant activity of four date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) fruit varieties grown in Tunisia. International Journal of Food Science and Technology. 44: 2314–2319.
Hasnaou, A., Elhoumaizi, M. A., Hakkou, A., Wathelet, B., Sindic, M. (2011). Physicochemical Characterization, Classification and Quality Evaluation of Date Palm Fruits of some Moroccan Cultivars. Journal of Scientific Research, 3 (1), 139-149.
Amoros, A., M. T. Pretel, M. S. Almansa, M. A. Botella, P. J. Zapata and M. Serrano. (2009). Antioxidant and nutritional properties of date fruit from Elche grove as affected by maturation and phenotypic variability of date palm. Journal of Food Science and Technology. 15: 65–72.
Mikki MS. (1999). Date palm post harvest processing technology in Saudi Ara-bia. Iran: Regional Workshop on Date Palm Post harvest Processing Technology.
Sultana, P., Dilruba, E., Afzal, S., Mrityunjoy, B., Subed, C. S., Md. G. S. J., Md A. I., Narayan, R., Mohammad., S. S (2015). Nutritional Analysis of Date Fruits (Phoenix dactylifera L.) in Perspective of Bangladesh. American Journal of Life Sciences, 3 (4), 274-278.
Elsohaimy S., Abdelwahab A., Brennan C., Aboueleinin. (2015). A. Phenolic content, antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of Egyptian date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) fruits. Australian. Journal of. Basic and Applied Sciences, 9, 141.
Miller, C. J., Dunn, E. V. and Hashim, I. B. (2003). The glycaemic index of dates and date/yoghurt mixed meals. Are dates 'the candy that grows on trees'? Eur. J. Clin. Nutr., 57: 427-30.
Ricardo S. T, NoÈ O. U, BenjamÌn V. S, Navor, R. G, Conrado, G. l, Daniel, C, Iv•n C. G, Laura D. R, MarÌa P, Haro, V. J, Luis M. M, Antonio M. M, Padmanabhan, M and Robert K. (2019). Nutritional assessment, phytochemical composition and antioxidant analysis of the pulp and seed of medjool date grown in Mexico. Peer journal, 1-19.
Omowunmi, Solaand AdejumoAyoade. (2013). Nutritional Composition of the Fruit of the Nigerian Wild Date Palm, Phoenix dactylifera. World Journal of Dairy & Food Sciences 8 (2): 196-200.
Bouhlali, E. T., Chakib Alem (2015). Phytochemical compositions and antioxidant capacity of three date seeds varieties grown in the South East Morocco. Journal of the Saudi Society of Agricultural Sciences.
Prokarite La Base de Donnees, Vitellaria, World Agroforestry Centre, 2007. Accessed on 19.3.07. http://prokarite.org/Vitellaria-dbase/fat-percentage.html.
Biglari, F., A. F. M. AlKarkhi and A. M. Easa. 2008. Antioxidant activity and phenolic content of various date palm (Phoenix dactylifera) fruits from Iran. Food Chemistry, 107: 1636–1641.
Amira, E. A., F. Guido, S. E. Behija, I. Manel, Z. Nesrine, F. Ali, H. Mohamed, H. A, Noureddine and A. Lotfi. 2011. Chemical and aroma volatile compositions of date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) fruits at three maturation stages. Food Chemistry, 127: 744–1754.
Rastegar, S., M. Rahemi, A. Baghizadeh and M. Gholami. 2012. Enzyme activity and biochemical changes of three date palm cultivars with different softening pattern during ripening. Food Chemistry, 134: 127–1286.