The Impact of ICT on National Security: A Case of Nigeria Security and Civil Defence Corps
International and Public Affairs
Volume 2, Issue 3, September 2018, Pages: 48-61
Received: Oct. 2, 2018;
Accepted: Oct. 18, 2018;
Published: Nov. 9, 2018
Views 302 Downloads 36
Chinedu Paschal Uchenna, School of Science and Technology, National Open University of Nigeria (NOUN), Abuja Model Study Centre, Abuja, Nigeria
Okeke Chukwuemeka, School of Science and Technology, National Open University of Nigeria (NOUN), Abuja Model Study Centre, Abuja, Nigeria
Onyeukwu Chukwuka, School of Science and Technology, National Open University of Nigeria (NOUN), Abuja Model Study Centre, Abuja, Nigeria
Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) introduced in the second half of the last century have shaped substantially the mode of peoples’ interaction, business process, entertainment and learning. ICT are encouraging globalization, exchange of information and the proliferation of cyber space. The benefits of using these technologies are immense and they are here to stay. Today, Information and Communication Technology (ICT) acquisition and implementation are facing a lot of problems. Considering the enormous benefits that are experienced in the impact of ICT in Nigeria Security and Civil Defence Corps (NSCDC), NSCDC still experience some obstacles or hindrances in the effective and efficient use of the ICT resources in combating crime. This includes the problem of insufficient data, due to lack of strategic use of ICT as resources tools in combating crime. Secondly, inadequate government funding of the NSCDC leading to lack of relevant materials and equipment needed in cyber threat combating. Additionally, the lacks of competent ICT personnel or technical team engaged in such critical and sensitive operations seem to be another threat to the security or crime combat mission. This research has been conducted to expose some of the inhibiting factors, and to ascertain the impact of ICT on national security with special focus on the Nigeria Security and Civil Defence Corps (NSCDC’s) case. A hypothetic deductive methodology (quantitative approach) involving survey design, distribution, collation and computational analysis using, frequency distribution and percentage method, and Chi-Square; Discriminant Analyses using statistical packages such as SPSS. The results of such analysis would be discussed and interpreted in relation to the key issue of the research. The results of the analysis of the responses from the field work conducted reveal that the NSCDC do have the required ICT tools in combating crime, and that information gatherings do help the Corps in the actualization of their technological goals. The outcome of the research suggests from all indications, that using Nigeria Security Civil Defence Corp, FCT Command, Abuja as a study, ICT has tremendous impacts on security and fight against cybercrime. ICT has roles in the security of any nation. Impacts can be direct, through growth of the ICT sector and ICT-using industries, and indirect through multiplier effects.
Chinedu Paschal Uchenna,
The Impact of ICT on National Security: A Case of Nigeria Security and Civil Defence Corps, International and Public Affairs.
Vol. 2, No. 3,
2018, pp. 48-61.
Tengku, Mohd T. S. (2003). Ethics of Information Communication Technololgy. A Paper presented at.
NSCDC (2014). Information and Communication Technology Unit. Retrieved from http://www.nscdc.gov.ng/index.php/unitss/ict.
Schneier, B. (2004). Secrets and Lies: Digital security in a networked world, John Wiley and Sons Inc., USA.
Elidon, B. (2011). Information and Communication Technology security issues. School of Computing, Information Technology and Engineering, University of East London, Docklands Campus, University Way.
Turle, M. (2009). Data security: Past, present and future, Science Direct, Computer Law & Security Report, Volume 25, Issue 1, Pages 51-58.
Gantz, J., Gillen, A., & White, A. (2009). The economic impact of Microsoft’s Windows 7, Worldwide, Retrieved from http://www.microsoft.com/about/corporatecitizenship/us/economicgrowth.mspx.
CE (2007), Computer Economics, Annual Worldwide Economic Damages from Malware Exceed $13 Billion, Retrieved from http://www.computereconomics.com/article.cfm?id=1225.
Vinoo, T. (2007). Windows Vista Vulnerable to StickyKeys Backdoor. Retrieved from http://www.avertlabs.com/research/blog/index.php/2007/03/12/windows-vistavulnerable-to-stickykeys-backdoor/.
Wikipedia, (2009). History of Linux, Accessed from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Linux Cyber Security Future Issues.
Krogh, G. & Hippel, E. (2003). Special issues on open source software, Science Direct, Research Policy, Volume 32, Issue 7, July, Pages 1149-1157.
Bonnacorsi, A. and Rossi, C. (2003). Why Open Source software can succeed, Science Direct Research Policy Volume 32, Issue 7, July, Pages 1243-1258.
Stahl, M. (2005). Open-source software: not quite endsville, Science Direct, Drug Discovery Today, Volume 10, Issue 3, 1 February, Pages 219-222.
Waring, T. and Maddocks, P. (2005). Open Source Software implementation in the UK public sector: Evidence from the field and implications for the future, Science Direct, International Journal of Information management, Volume 25, Issue 5, October, Pages 411-428.
Oforji, J. C., Udensi, E. J. & Ibegbu, K. C. (2017) Cybersecurity Challenges in Nigeria: The Way Forward, Sos Poly Journal of Science & Agriculture, V ol. 2, ( Dec., 2017) ISSN: 2536 - 71 61.
Oyewunmi, A. O., (2012). The ICT Revolution and Commercial Sectors in Nigeria: Impacts and Legal Interventions. British Journal of Arts and Social Sciences ISSN: 2046-9578, Vol. 5 No. 2. Retrieved from http://www.bjournal.co.uk/BJASS.aspx.
Ekoa, R. & Mungwe, M. (2018). A review of Cybercrime in Sub-Saharan Africa: A Study Cameroon and Nigeria. International Journal of Scientific & Engineering Research Volume 9, Issue 5, May 2018 211 ISSN 2229-5518. Retrieved from https://www.ijser.org/researchpaper/A-review-of-Cybercrime-in-Sub-Saharan-Africa-A-Study-Cameroon-and-Nigeria.pdf (Accessed: 12/10/2018).
OECD (2009a). Guide to Measuring the Information Society, 2009.Available from www.oecd.org/sti/measuring-infoeconomy/guide.
Eurostat (2010). Model ICT use questionnaires, years 2002-2011.
OECD (2008c). Shaping Policies for the Future of the Internet Economy. OECD Ministerial Meeting on the of the Internet Economy, Seoul, 2008. Retrieved from http://www.oecd.org/dataoecd/1/29/40821707.pdf.