Evaluation of the Source and Amount of Energy Use for Groundnut Processing in Nasarawa State of Nigeria
Journal of Energy, Environmental & Chemical Engineering
Volume 5, Issue 3, September 2020, Pages: 36-41
Received: Sep. 9, 2020;
Accepted: Sep. 21, 2020;
Published: Oct. 7, 2020
Views 193 Downloads 118
Emmanuel Ademola Adekunle, Department of Agricultural Economic, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Abuja, Abuja, Nigeria
Abdulrafiu Tayo Yusuf, Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension, Faculty of Agriculture, Federal University of Lafia, Lafia, Nigeria
Oreoluwa Busola Ajayi, Department of Forest Products Development and Utilisation, Forestry Research Institute of Nigeria, Ibadan, Nigeria
Afolake Esther Agboola, Department of Agricultural Technology, Federal College of Forestry, Ibadan, Nigeria
Odunayo James Rotowa, Department of Forestry and Wildlife Management, Faculty of Agriculture, Nasarawa State University, Shabu-Lafia, Nasarawa, Nigeria
A study was carried out to analyze the sources and amount of energy consumed for groundnut processing in Nasarawa-Eggon Local Government of Nasarawa State with the aim to determine the energy use pattern, the relationship between energy inputs and outputs and to determine the productivity of energy use in groundnut processing. A total of 100 Groundnut processors were identified and 50 processors were randomly sampled for the study. Data was collected through the use of structured questionnaire on inputs and outputs in groundnut processing. Data was collected once a week from each processor for a period of six weeks. Collected data were analysed using descriptive statistics, production function analysis and correlation analysis. The result revealed that the circle of groundnut production is completed in 4 days. Groundnut processing in the study area is mainly dependent on direct, indirect and renewable energy forms especially fuelwood which accounts for 75.04% of the daily total energy used and the total amount of energy used for processing groundnut on a daily basic is 1410.42MJ and all forms of energy had direct relationship with processed groundnut output. The result of daily energy inputs and outputs shows that the quantity of raw Groundnut processed daily range from 70kg to 280kg with an average of 165.2kg which is equal to 1372.8MJ of energy equivalent and that an average of 6 machine hours, 32 liters of water were used and 58.8 Kg of fuel wood were also used. It was therefore recommendations that more labour and fuel efficient Groundnut processing machines be introduced to enhance energy productivity in groundnut processing and save cost and that sustainable alternatives energy such as briquette be exploited instead of fuelwood.
Emmanuel Ademola Adekunle,
Abdulrafiu Tayo Yusuf,
Oreoluwa Busola Ajayi,
Afolake Esther Agboola,
Odunayo James Rotowa,
Evaluation of the Source and Amount of Energy Use for Groundnut Processing in Nasarawa State of Nigeria, Journal of Energy, Environmental & Chemical Engineering.
Vol. 5, No. 3,
2020, pp. 36-41.
Pimental D., (1992). Energy Inputs in Production Agriculture. Energy in Farm Production, Elsevier, and Amsterdam pp. 13-29.
Handan, A. Orhan, O. and Hatice, K. (2009). “Analysis of energy use for pomegranate production in Turkey”. Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment 7 (2): 475-48.
Verma R., Singh I. P. and Sharma S. 2013. Pattern of energy utilization in groundnut cultivation in rajasthan. Indian J Econ Dev. Volume 9 No. 2 (2013): 148-159.
Pathak, B. S. and Binning, A. S. (1985). Energy use pattern and potential for energy saving in rice– wheat cultivation. Agric – Energy. 4: 271-278.
Akinori, N. (2006). Future Orientation of International Collaborative Research on Postharvest technology for Developing countries. Retrieved from www.rudep.org April 19, 2010.
Food and Agricultural Organization, (2003). Nigeria Agribusiness sector and its support institutions. retrieved from www.fao.org April 2010.
Isitor, S. U., Olukosi, J. O and Ode, M. O., (2007). Introduction to agricultural marketing and prices. Abuja: living Books 116pp.
Kachru, N. P (2000). Agro-proessing industries in India Growth, status and prospects. Retrieved from www.agricoop.nic.in March 25, 2010.
Gibbon, D and Pain, A. (1985). Crops of the drier region of the tropics. longman group Ltd UK pp 146 Central Nigeria.
Abalu, G. O. I and Etuk, E. G. (1986). Traditional versus improved Groundnut production Practices some further evidence from Northern Nigeria. Experimental Agriculture, 22, 33-38.
Echekwu, C. A and Emeka, I. (2005). Groundnut, endowing, the Groundnut /rediscovery programme in Nigeria. Opahmission Abuja pp 18.
Food and Agricultural Organisation. (1994). General conclusions and recommendations of expert Dutt, B. K. (1982), Comparative efficiency of energy use in rice production energy 6: 25.
Ibrahim, D. B., Dutse, A. Y. and Hamidu, B. M. (2005). Assessment of awareness level of air and noise pollution of car transport among Motorist in Bauchimetropolis. Management Network Journal, 3, 6, 26-35.
Ihekoronye, A. I. and Ngoddy, P. O (1985). Integrated, food science and technology for the Tropics. Macmillan Publishers Limited London pp 364.
Abubakar, M. S and Ahmed O. (2010). Pattern of energy consumption in millet production for selected farms in Jigawa, Nigeria. Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 4 (4): 665-672, ISSN 1991-8178.
Aiyedun, P. O and B. A. Onakoya (2000). Energy Efficiency in a Private Sector – A. Paper Presented at the National Conference of Nigeria Institute of Industrial Engineers, Ibadan 9th –11th Nov.
Ibrahim, H. Y. (2011): Energy Use Pattern in Vegetable Production Under Fadama in North.
Jekayinfa S. O., and Olafimihan E. O., (2000). “A Study and Analysis of Energy Consumption in Beverage Producing Plants in Nigeria”. A Paper Presented at the Annual Conference of Nigeria Institute of Industrial Engineers, Ibadan. 12th-17th, October.
Adegoke I. A and Rotowa O. J (2020). Preparation and Characterization of Bio-Oil Produced from Sawdust of Selected Wood Species. American Journal of Modern Energy. Vol. 6, No. 1, 2020, pp. 16-25. doi: 10.11648/j.ajme.20200601.13.
Aboki, P. M (2015): Traditional and modern groundnut processing and marketing in north central Nigeria. A Ph. D. thesis submitted to the Department of Agricultural Economics, University of Nigeria, Nsukka pp141.
FAO 2002. Groundnut: Post-harvest Operations. INPHO Post-harvest Compendium 2002.
Ozkan, B., H. Akcaoz, and C. Fert, 2004. Energy input-output analysis in Turkish agriculture. Renewable energy, 29: 39-51.
Hussaini Y. I, Napoleon D. S and Hassan I. I (2011) An Evaluation of Groundnut Processing by Women in a Rural Area of North Central Nigeria/. Journal of Agriculture science 2 (1) 2006-2012.
Ashkan Nabavi-Pelesaraei, Reza Abdi, Shahin Rafiee (2013) Energy use pattern and sensitivity analysis of energy inputs and economical models for peanut production in Iran. International Journal of Agriculture and Crop Sciences. Available online at www.ijagcs.com IJACS/2013/5-19/2193-2202 ISSN 2227-670X ©2013 IJACS Journal.
Yilmaz I, Akcao H, Ozkan B. 2005. An analysis of energy use and input costs for cotton production in Turkey. Renew. Energy 30: 145-155.
Canakci M, Topakci M, Akinci I, Ozmerzi A. 2005. Energy use pattern of some field crops and vegetable production: case study for Antalya Region, Turkey. Energy Conversion and Management 46: 655-666.
Uzunoz M, Akcay Y, Esengun K. 2008. Energy input-output analysis of sunflower seed (Helianthus annuus L.) oil in Turkey. Energy Sources Part B-Economics. Planning and Policy 3: 215-223.
Mousavi-Avval SH, Rafiee S, Jafari A, Mohammadi A. 2011b. Optimization of energy consumption for soybean production using Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) approach. Applied Energy 88: 3765-3772.
Mobtaker HG, Akram A, Keyhani A. 2012. Energy use and sensitivity analysis of energy inputs for alfalfa production in Iran. Energy for Sustainable Development 16: 84-89.
Singh, S., S. R. Verma and J. P. Mittal, 1997. Energy requirements for production of major crops in India. Agricultural mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America, 28 (4): 13-17.
Alam, M. S., M. R. Alam and K. K. Islam, 2005. Energy flow in agriculture: Bangladesh American Journal of Environmental Sciences, 1 (3): 213-220.
Tolga T., Ç. Bahattin and A. Vardar, 2009. An analysis of energy use and input costs for wheat production in Turkey. Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment., 7 (2): 352-356.
Saeed Firouzi and Hashem Aminpanah 2012. Energy Use Efficiency for Groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) Production in a Semi-mechanized Cultivation System Annals of Biological Research, 2012, 3 (8): 3994-3997 http://scholarsresearchlibrary.com/archive.html.
Ozkan B, Fert C, Karadeniz F. 2007. Energy and cost analysis for green house and open-field grape production. Energy 32: 1500-1504.
Pishgar-Komleh S. H., Keyhani A, Rafiee S, Sefeedpari P. 2011. Energy use and economic analysis of corn silage production under three cultivated area levels in Tehran province of Iran. Energy 36: 3335-3341.
Royan M, Khojastehpour M, Emadi B, Mobtaker, H. G. 2012. Investigation of energy inputs for peach production using sensitivity analysis in Iran. Energy Conversion and Management 64: 441-446.
S Shahan, A Jafari, H Mobli, S Rafiee, M KarimiEnergy, Journal of Agricultural Technology, 2008, 4 (1): 77-88.
A Koocheki, R Ghorbani, F Mondani, Y Alizadeh, R Moradi, Int. J. Energy Economics and Policy 2011, 1 (4): 95-106.
E Dagistan, H Akcaoz, B Demirtas, Y Yilmaz, Afric. J. Agric. Res., 2009, 4 (7): 599- 604.