Please enter verification code
Confirm
Mathematical and Kinetic Modelling of the Adsorption of Crude Oil Spill Using Coconut Coir Activated Carbon
Journal of Energy, Environmental & Chemical Engineering
Volume 6, Issue 1, March 2021, Pages: 1-9
Received: Oct. 9, 2020; Accepted: Oct. 26, 2020; Published: Jan. 12, 2021
Views 17      Downloads 23
Authors
Ukpong Anwana Abel, Department of Chemical and Petrochemical Engineering, Akwa Ibom State University, Ikot Akpaden, Nigeria
Gumus Rhoda Habor, Department of Petroleum and Chemical Engineering, Niger Delta University, Wiberforce Island, Nigeria
Oboh Innocent Oseribho, Department of Chemical and Petroleum Engineering, University of Uyo, Uyo, Nigeria
Article Tools
Follow on us
Abstract
Crude oil spills have tremendous effects on our environment and poses severe pollution problems around the world as hazardous chemicals such as polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons are released into the ecosystem. The clean-up of these spills using natural adsorbent is considered as an eco-friendly and cost effective method of handling the oil spills due to its high oil sorption capacity and biodegradability. Coconut coir predominantly found in the Niger Delta area of Nigeria was carbonized and chemically activated using Potassium Hydroxide (KOH) for the removal of crude oil spill. The kinetic data were fitted into various kinetic models with Pseudo-second order model showing best fit with a correlation coefficient R2=0.999 and the Boyd model revealed that the adsorption was controlled by internal transport mechanism and film-diffusion was the major mode of adsorption. Thus, Coconut Coir Activated Carbon (CCAC) showed significant capability to be used as a low-cost, re-generable and eco-friendly adsorbent in oil spill clean-up. A mathematical model was also developed using multivariate numerical optimization method and was validated by fitting it into the experimental data which gave a correlation coefficient R2=0.997. Hence, the empirical model developed using multivariate numerical optimization method can be used for the design of industrial treatment plant.
Keywords
Coconut Coir, Multivariate Numerical Optimization, Non-linear Regression, Crude Oil Removal, Batch Adsorption, Adsorbent
To cite this article
Ukpong Anwana Abel, Gumus Rhoda Habor, Oboh Innocent Oseribho, Mathematical and Kinetic Modelling of the Adsorption of Crude Oil Spill Using Coconut Coir Activated Carbon, Journal of Energy, Environmental & Chemical Engineering. Vol. 6, No. 1, 2021, pp. 1-9. doi: 10.11648/j.jeece.20210601.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2021 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
References
[1]
Abdelwahab, O. (2014). Assessment of raw luffa as a natural hollow oleophilic fibrous sorbent for oil spill clean-up. National Institute of Oceanography and Fisheries, Alexandria, Egypt. Alexandria Engineering Journal, 53: 213-218.
[2]
Freeman, R. E. (2012). Stakeholder theory of modern corporation business ethics. The Controversy, 38-48p.
[3]
Ukpong, A. A., Gumus, R. H. and Oboh, I. O. (2020). Adsorption Studies of Oil Spill Clean-up Using Coconut Coir Activated Carbon (CCAC). American Journal of Chemical Engineering. 8 (2): 36-47.
[4]
Allan, S. E., Smith, B. W., Anderson, K. A. (2012). Impact of the deep-water horizon oil spill on bioavailable polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in Gulf of Mexico coastal waters. Environmental Science and Technology, 46: 2033-2039.
[5]
Nwilo, C. P. and Badejo, T. O (2005). Oil spill problems and management in the Niger Delta. International Oil Spill Conference, Miami, Florida, 7p.
[6]
Egbe, R. E. (2010). Environmental challenges of oil spillage for families in oil producing communities of the Niger Delta region. International Journal of Modern Engineering Research, 3 (6): 3336-3342.
[7]
Kingston, P. F. (2002). Long-term environmental impact of oil spills. Bulletin of Spill Science and Technology, 7: 53-61.
[8]
Jernelov, A. (2010). The Threats from Oil Spills: Now, Then, and in the Future, AMBIO, 39: 353–366.
[9]
Polka, M., Bozena, K., Marek, W. and Joanne, R. (2015). Efficiency analysis of the sorbents used to adsorb the vapours of petroleum products during rescue and fire-fighting actions. Przem. Chemistry Journal, 1: 109-113.
[10]
Ahmad, A. A., Hameed, B. H. and Aziz, N. (2006). Adsorption of direct dye on palm ash: Kinetic and equilibrium modelling. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 94: 1-10.
[11]
Chakraborty, S., De, S., Dascupta, S. and Basu, J. K. (2005). Adsorption study for the removal of basic dye: experimental and modelling. Chemosphere, 58: 1079-1089.
[12]
Mathur, A. K., Majumder, C. B. and Chatterjee, S. (2007). Combined removal of BTEX in air stream by using mixture of sugar cane bagasse, compost and GAC as bio-filter media. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 148: 64-74.
[13]
Bina, B., Amin, M. M., Rashidi, A. and Pourzamani, H. (2014). Water and wastewater treatment from BTEX by carbon nanotubes and nano-Fe1. Water Resources, 41 (6): 719-727.
[14]
Egbuchunam, T. O., Obi, G., Okieimen, F. E. and Tihminlioglu, F. (2016). Removal of BTEX from aqueous solution using organokaolinite. International Journal of Applied Environmental Sciences, 11 (2): 505-513.
[15]
Jaynes, W. F. and Vance, G. F. (1999). Sorption of benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene and xylene (BTEX) compounds by hectorite clays exchanged with aromatic organic cations. Clays and Clay Minerals, 47 (3): 358-365.
[16]
Senthilkumaar, S., Kalaamani, P., Porkodi, K., Varadarajan, P. R. and Subburaam, C. V. (2006). Adsorption of dissolved Reactive red dye from aqueous phase onto activated carbon prepared from agricultural waste. Bioresource Technology, 97: 1618-1625.
[17]
Senthilkumaar, S., Kalaamani, P., Porkodi, K., Varadarajan, P. R. and Subburaam, C. V. (2005). Adsorption of dissolved Reactive red dye from aqueous phase onto activated carbon prepared from agricultural waste. Bioresource Technology, 97: 1618-1625.
[18]
Kalavthy, M. H., Karthikeyan, T., Rajgopal, S. and Miranda, L. R. (2005). Kinetic and isotherm studies of Cu(II) adsorption onto H3PO4 activated rubber wood sawdust. Journal of Colloids Interface Science, 292: 354-362.
[19]
Tseng, R. L. and Tseng, S. K. (2006). Preparation of high surface are carbons from corncob with KOH etching plus CO2 gasification for adsorption of dyes and phenols from water. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science: Physicochemical Engineering Aspect, 279: 69-78.
[20]
Hameed, B. H., Din, A. T. M. and Ahmad, A. L. (2007). Adsorption of methylene blue onto bamboo-based activated carbon; Kinetics and equilibrium studies. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 141: 819-825.
[21]
Tan, I. A. W., Hameed, B. H. and Ahmed, A. L. (2007). Equilibrium and kinetic studies on basic dye adsorption by oil palm fibre activate carbon. Journal of Chemical Engineering, 2 (127): 111-119.
[22]
Iakovleva, E. and Sillanpää, M. (2013). The use of low cost adsorbents for wastewater purification in Mining industries. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 20 (11): 7878-7899.
[23]
Edgar, T. F. and Himmelblau, D. M. (2001). Optimization of Chemical Processes. 2nd Edition, McGraw-Hill Chemical Engineering Series. New York, 1323p.
[24]
Hanna, O. T. and Sandall, O. C. (1995). Computerization Methods in Chemical Engineering, Printice-Hall International, New Jessey, 1469p.
[25]
Kumar, K. V. (2006). Comparative analysis of linear and non-linear method of estimating the sorption isotherm parameters for malachite green onto activated carbon. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 136 (2): 197-202.
[26]
Kumar, K. V., Porkodi, K. and Rocha, F. (2008b). Comparison of various error functions in predicting the optimum isotherm by linear and non-linear regression analysis for the sorption of basic red 9 by activated carbon. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 150 (1): 158-165.
[27]
Kumar, K. V., Porkodi, K. and Rocha, F. (2008a). Isotherms and thermodynamics by linear and non-linear regression analysis for the sorption of methylene blue onto activated carbon: Comparison of various error functions. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 151 (2-3): 794-804.
[28]
Lataye, D. H., Mishra, I. M. and Mall, I. D. (2008). Adsorption of 2-picoline onto bagasse fly ash from aqueous solution, Chemical Engineering Journal, 138 (1-3): 35-46.
[29]
Kumar, K. V. and Sivanesan, S. (2006). Pseudo second order kinetics and pseudo isotherms for malachite green onto activated carbon: comparison of linear and non-linear regression methods. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 1 (5): 721-726.
[30]
Okon, A. N., Udoh, F. D. and Appah, D. (2015). Empirical Wellhead Pressure – Production Rate Correlations for Niger Delta: Oil Wells. Paper Presented at the Society of Petroleum Engineers Nigeria. Annual Internal Conference and Exhibition, Lagos, Nigeria, 4 (6), 1-17.
[31]
Wei, J. (2013). Multivariate numerical optimization. Lecture note.
[32]
https://studentsportalen.uu.se/uusp-filearea-tool. (Retrieved on 25th May, 2019).
[33]
Smyth, G. K. (2015). Optimization and non-linear equations. Statistics reference online, 1: 1-9.
[34]
Inyang, U. E., Etuk, B. R. and Oboh, I. O. (2019). Mathematical and kinetic modelling for convective hot air drying of sweet potatoes (Ipomoea batatas L). American Journal of Chemical Engineering, 7 (1): 22-31.
[35]
Olufemi, B. A., Jimoda, L. A. and Agbodike, N. F. (2014). Adsorption of crude oil using meshed corncobs. Asian Journal of Applied Science and Engineering, 3: 63-75.
[36]
Aryafar, A., Mikaeil, R., Doulati Ardejani, F. Shaffiee Haghshenas, S. and Jafarpour, A. (2019). Application of non-linear regression and soft computing techniques for modeling process of pollutant adsorption from industrial wastewaters. Journal of Mining and Environment, 10 (2): 327-337.
[37]
Mansur, M. B. and Maria, M. E. (2016). Mathematical modelling of batch adsorption of manganese onto bone char. Brazilian Journal of Chemical Engineering, 33 (2): 373-382.
[38]
Sicupira, D. C., Silva, T. T., Leao, V. A. and Mansur, M. B. (2014). Batch removal of manganese from acid mine drainage using bine char. Brazilian Journal of Chemical Engineering, 31: 195-204.
[39]
Ebrahim, S. E. (2013). Modelling the removal of phenol by natural zeolitein batch and continuous adsorption systems. Journal of Babylon University/Engineering Sciences, 21 (1): 1-14.
[40]
Tan, K. L. and Hameed, B. H. (2017). Insight into the adsorption kinetics models for the removal of contaminants from aqueous solutions. Journal of the Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineers. 74: 25-48.
[41]
Ho, Y. S. and McKay, G. (1998). Kinetic models for the sorption of dye from aqueous solution by wood. Adsorption Science Technology Journal, 16: 243-255.
[42]
Yang, X. and Al-Duri, B. (2005). Kinetic modelling of liquid-phase adsorption of reactive dyes on activated carbon. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 287 (1): 25-34.
[43]
Ejikeme, P. C. N., Ejikeme, E. M., and Okonkwo, G. N. (2014). Equilibrium, kinetic and thermodynamic studies on basic dye adsorption using composite activated carbon. International Journal of Technical Research and Applications, 2 (4): 96-103.
[44]
Dural, M. U., Cakas, L., Papagergiou, S. K. and Katsaros, F. K. (2011). Methylene blue adsorption on activated carbon prepared from Posidonia Oceanica (L) dead leaves: Kinetics and equilibrium studies. Chemical Engineering Journal, 168: 77-85.
[45]
Maamoud, D. K., Mohasalleh, M. A., Karima, W. A., Idris, A. and Abidin, Z. Z. (2012). Batch adsorption of basic dye using acid treated kenaf fibre char: Equilibrium, kinetic and thermodynamic studies. Chemical Engineering Journal, 181: 449-457.
[46]
Kajjumba, G. W., Aydın, S. and Güneysu, S. (2018). Adsorption isotherms and kinetics of vanadium by shale and coal waste. Adsorption Science and Technology, 36 (3–4): 936-952.
[47]
Tang, H., Zhou, W. and Zhang, L. (2012). Adsorption isotherms and kinetics studies of malachite green on chitin hydrogels. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 209-210: 218-225.
[48]
Mane, V. S., Deo, M. I. and Chandra, S. V. (2007). Kinetic and equilibrium isotherm studies for the adsorptive removal of Brilliant Green dye from aqueous solution by rice coir ash. Journal of Environmental Management, 84 (4): 390-400.
[49]
Porter, J. F., McKay, G. and Choy, K. H. (1999). The prediction of sorption from a binary mixture of acidic dyes using single-and mixed-isotherm variants of the ideal adsorbed solute theory. Chemical Engineering Science, 54 (24): 5863-5885.
[50]
Saadi, R., Saadi, Z., Fazaeli, R. and Fard, N. E. (2015). Monolayer and multilayer adsorption isotherm models for sorption from aqueous media. Korean Journal of Chemical Engineering, 32 (5): 787-799.
[51]
Ng, J. C. Y., Cheung, W. H. and McKay, G. (2002). Equilibrium studies of the sorption of Cu (II) ions onto chitosan. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 255 (1): 64-74.
[52]
Kundu, S. and Gupta, A. K. (2006). Arsenic adsorption onto iron oxide coated cement (IOCC): Regression analysis of equilibrium data with several isotherm models and their optimization. Chemical Engineering Journal, 122 (1-2): 93-106.
[53]
Karadag, D., Koc, Y., Turan, M. and Ozturk, M. (2007). A comparative study of linear and non-linear regression analysis for ammonium exchange by clinoptilolite zeolite. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 144 (1-2): 432-437.
[54]
Ho, Y. S. (2006). Second-order kinetic model for the sorption of cadmium onto tree fern: A comparison of linear and non-linear methods, Water Resource, 40: 119-125.
[55]
Rivas, F. J., Beltr´an, F. J., Gimeno, O., Frades, J. and Carvalho, F. (2006). Adsorption of landfill leachates onto activated carbon: Equilibrium and kinetics. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 131 (1-3): 170-178.
[56]
Boulinguiez, B., Le Cloirec, P. and Wolbert, D. (2008). Revisiting the determination of Langmuir parameters-application to tetrahydrothiophene adsorption onto activated carbon, Journal of the American Chemical Society, 24 (13): 6420-6424.
[57]
Tan, I. A. W and Hameed, B. H. (2010). Adsorption isotherms, kinetics, thermodynamics and desorption studies of basic dye on activated carbon derived from oil palm empty fruit bunch. Journal of Applied Sciences, 10 (21): 2565-2571.
[58]
Onwuka, J. C., Agbaji, E. B., Ajibola, V. O. and Okibe, F. G. (2018). Treatment of crude oil contaminated water with chemically modified natural fibre. Applied Water Science Journal, 8 (86): 1-10.
[59]
Eba, F., Gueu, S., Eya’A-Mvongbote, A., Ondo, J. A., Yao, B. K., Ndong, N. J. and Kouya, B. R. (2010). Evaluation of the absorption capacity of the natural clay from Bikougou (Gabon) to remove Mn(II) from aqueous solution. International Journal of Engineering and Science Technology, 2 (10): 5001-5016.
[60]
Srivastava, V. C., Swammy, M. M., Mall, I. D., Prasad, B. and Mishra, I. M. (2006). Adsorptive removal of phenol by bagasse fly ash and activated carbon: equilibrium, kinetics and thermodynamics. Colloids Surface and Physicochemical Engineering Aspects, 272: 89–104.
[61]
Bulut, Y. and Zeki, T. (2007). Removal of heavy metals from aqueous solution by sawdust adsorption. Journal of Environmental Science, 19: 160-166.
[62]
Mohanty, K., Das, D. and Biswas, M. N. (2005). Adsorption of phenol from aqueous solutions using activated carbons prepared from tectona grandis sawdust by ZnCl2 activation. Chemical Engineering Journal, 115: 121-131.
[63]
Jacques, R. A., Bernardi, R., Caovila, M., Lima, E. C., Pavan, F. A., Vaghetti, J. C. P. and Airoldi, C. (2007). Removal of Cu (II), Fe(III) and Cr(III) from aqueous solution by aniline grafted silica gel, Separation Science and Technology, 42: 591-609.
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-983-5186