Please enter verification code
Effect of Reducing Nitrogen and Applying Organic Fertilizer on Nitrogen Use Efficiency and Rice Yield in Red Soil Regions of the Southern China
Journal of Energy, Environmental & Chemical Engineering
Volume 6, Issue 1, March 2021, Pages: 10-15
Received: Nov. 26, 2020; Accepted: Dec. 22, 2020; Published: Jan. 12, 2021
Views 18      Downloads 23
Qihong Tu, Key Laboratory of Digital Land and Resources, East China University of Technology, Nanchang, China
Zhenjiang Zhang, Key Laboratory of Digital Land and Resources, East China University of Technology, Nanchang, China
Min Liu, Agricultural Technology Extension Station of Fengcheng City, Yichun, China
Article Tools
Follow on us
To explore the amount of reducing N fertilizer, a 2-year field experiment was conducted to investigate the effects of reducing N fertilizer and applying organic fertilizer on nitrogen use efficiency (NUE) and rice yield in red soil regions of the Southern China. On the basis of applying 4500 kg/ha organic fertilizer and local custom fertilization with 204 kg/ha urea application, five treatments including no nitrogen fertilization (CK), local customary nitrogen application (N100), and nitrogen reduction of 10% (N90), 20% (N80), and 30% (N70) were conducted. The results showed that nitrogen agronomic efficiency (NAE), nitrogen recovery efficiency (NRE), nitrogen physiological efficiency (NPE) and nitrogen partial factor productivity (NPFP) of N90 treatment were significantly higher than those of other treatments, and the yield was as high as 9.33 t/ha, which showed a significant differences compared with CK and N100. The output value, benefit, and benefit-cost ratio of N90 were significantly higher than those of N100, which increased by 6.38%, 6.42%, 8.35%, and 8.20%, respectively. In addition, while applying the same amount of organic fertilizer, the rate of nitrogen reduction has little effect on the soil organic matter content, meaning that N90 can achieve high NUE and high yield in rice. It is good to provide the theory basis for fertilizer decision-making in practice.
Red Soil Regions of the Southern China, Reduced Nitrogen Application, Organic Fertilizer Application, Nitrogen Use Efficiency
To cite this article
Qihong Tu, Zhenjiang Zhang, Min Liu, Effect of Reducing Nitrogen and Applying Organic Fertilizer on Nitrogen Use Efficiency and Rice Yield in Red Soil Regions of the Southern China, Journal of Energy, Environmental & Chemical Engineering. Vol. 6, No. 1, 2021, pp. 10-15. doi: 10.11648/j.jeece.20210601.12
Copyright © 2021 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Bandyopadhyay K. K., Misra A. K., Ghosh P. K., Hati K. M., 2010. Effect of integrated use of farmyard manure and chemical fertilizers on soil physical properties and productivity of soybean. Soil and Tillage Research, 110: 115-125.
Darwish, O. H., Persaud, N., Martens, D. C., 1995. Effect of long term application of animal manure on physical properties of three soils. Plant Soil 176, 289–295.
He X., Rong X. M., Xie Y., Shi D. J., Tang L., 2017. Effects of fertilization reduction and organic fertilizer replacement on rice yield and nutrient utilization. Hunan Agricultural Science, 3: 31-34.
Ju X. T., Xing G. X., Chen X. P., Zhang S. L., Zhang L. J., Liu X. J., Cui Z. L., Yin B., Christie P., Zhu Z. L., Zhang F. S., 2009. Reducing environmental risk by improving N management in intensive Chinese agricultural systems. Proceedings of the national academy of sciences of the United States of America, 106 (9): 3041-3046.
Ladha J. K., Pathak H., Krupnik T. J., Six J., Kessel C., 2005. Efficiency of fertilizer nitrogen in cereal production: Retrospects and prospects. Advances in Agronomy, 87: 86-156.
Li, D. Q., Tang, Q. Y., Zhang, Y. B., Qin, J. Q., Li, H., Chen, L., Yang, S. H., Zou, Y. B., Peng, S. B., 2012. Effect of nitrogen regimes on grain yield, nitrogen utilization, radiation use efficiency, and sheath blight disease intensity in super hybrid rice. J. Integr. Agric. 11, 134–143.
Li S. Q., Li S. X., 2001. Effects of organic materials on maintaining soil microbial biomass nitrogen. Acta ecologica sinica, 21 (1): 136-142.
Ling Q. H., Zhang H. C., Dai Q. G., Ding Y. F., Li L., Su Z. F., Xu M., Que J. H., Wang S. H., 2005. Study on precise and quantitative N application in rice. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, 38 (12): 2457-2467.
Liu H. J., Zheng J. C., Guo Z., Chen L. G., Zhang Y. F., Wang X., 2016. Effects of reduced nitrogen application on nitrogen uptake and use efficiency of rice in Taihu area. Chinese Journal of Ecology, 35 (11): 2960-2965.
Liu L. J., Wang K. J., Bian J. L., Xiong Y. W., Chen L., Wang Z. Q., Yang J. C., 2014. Differences in yield response to nitrogen fertilizer among rice cultivars and their relationship with root morphology and physiology. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 40 (11): 1999-2007.
Liu M. Q., Hu F., Chen X. Y., Huang Q. R., Jiao J. G., Zhang B., Li H. X., 2009. Organic amendments with reduced chemical fertilizer promote soil microbial development and nutrient availability in a subtropical paddy field: The influence of quantity, type and application time of organic amendments. Applied Soil Ecology, 42: 166-175.
Meng Y., Wang Q., Huang. Q. W., Yang X. M., Xu Y. C., Shen Q. R., 2008. Effects of combined application of pig manure compost and inorganic fertilizers on rice grains and nitrogen efficiency. Journal of Ecology and Rural Environment, 24 (1): 68-71.
Peng S. B., Huang J. L., Zhong X. H., Yang J. C., Wang G. H., Zou Y. B., Zhang F. S., Zhu Q. S., Roland B., Christian W., 2002. Research Strategy in Improving Fertilizer-nitrogen Use Efficiency of Irrigated Rice in China. Scientia Agricultura Sinica., 35 (9), 1095-1103.
Peng S. B., Buresh R. J., Huang J. L., Yang J. C., Zou Y. B., Zhong X. H., Wang G. H., Zhang F. S., 2006. Strategies for overcoming low agronomic nitrogen use efficiency in imigated rice systems in China. Field Crops Research, 96: 37-47.
Peng, X. L., Liu, Y. Y., Luo, S. G., Fan, L. C., Song, T. X., Guo, Y. W., 2007. Effects of site-specific nitrogen management on yield and dry matter accumulation of rice from cold areas of northeastern china. Agric. Sci. China 6, 715–723.
Ru Y. X., Cui X. W., Fan H. S., Long S. P., Peng F. Y., 2015. Effects of combined application of manure and chemical fertilizer on the growth of rice and soil biological characters in paddy soils. Chinese soil and fertilizer, 5: 50-55.
Tang J. W., Lin Z. A., Xu J. X., Qi J., Wang Y. H., 2006. Effect of organic manure and chemical fertilizer on soil nutrient. China soil and fertilizer, 3: 44-47.
Tesfaye S. G., Ismal M. R., Kausar H., Marziah M., Ramlan M. F., 2013. Plant water relations, crop yield and quality of Arabica Coffee as affected by supplemental deficit irrigation. International J. Agr. Biol., 15 (4), 665-672.
Wang Y. J., Ge M. J., Yan X. T., Wei H. Y., Zhang H. C., Dai Q. G., Huo Z. Y., Xu K., 2014. Effects of light, nitrogen and their interaction on grain yield and matter production characteristics of Japonica super rice. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 40 (1): 154-165.
Yi Q., Zhang X. Z., He P., Yang L., Xiong G. Y., 2010. Effects of reducing N application on crop N uptake, utilization, and soil N balance in rice-wheat rotation system. Plant nutrition and fertilizer science, 16 (5): 1069-1077.
Zeng X. J., Liu D. K., 2005. Influence organic-inorganic-mixed fertilizers application on yield and quality of vegetable. Journal of Hunan Agricultural University, 31 (4): 402-404.
Zhang F. S., Wang J. Q., Zhang W. F., Cui Z. L., Ma W. Q., Chen X. P., Jiang R. F., 2008. Nutrient use efficiencies of major cereal crops in China and measures for improvement. Acta Pedologica Sinica, 45 (5): 915-924.
Zhang X. Z., Y Q., Zhu P., He P., Yang L., Fan X. P., Xiong G. Y., 2011. Agronomic responses to nitrogen application and nitrogen utilization in rice fields. Plant nutrition and fertilizer science, 17 (4): 782-788.
Zhong X., Peng S., Sheehy, J. E., Visperas, R. M., Liu, H., 2002. Relationship between tillering and leaf area index: quantifying critical leaf area index for tillering inrice. J. Agric. Sci. 138, 269–279.
Zhu Z. L., Fan X. J., Sun Y. H., Wang D. J., 2004. Nitrogen cycling and its environmental effects of rice in paddy soil in Taihu Lake area. Crop research, 4: 187-191.
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186