Metal Pollution Assessment of the Abandoned Mine Ponds and Ground Water of Parts of the Jos Plateau, North Central Nigeria
International Journal of Energy and Environmental Science
Volume 2, Issue 3, May 2017, Pages: 63-72
Received: Feb. 14, 2017;
Accepted: Feb. 23, 2017;
Published: Apr. 7, 2017
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Zang James Gyang Nyam, Department of Geology, Faculty of Natural Sciences, University of Jos, Jos, Nigeria
Edafetano Chris Ashano, Department of Geology, Faculty of Natural Sciences, University of Jos, Jos, Nigeria
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The study area also known as tin city is popular for its historic tin mining activity which left behind several heaps of mine spoil (waste) and abandoned mine ponds which today are used to meet domestic water needs. This study is carried out with a view to determining the level of heavy metal contamination of the mine ponds and ground water of the study area. Twenty one water samples were systematically collected from mine ponds and ground water of the study area including the GPS reading of every point were samples are collected. Concentration of the heavy metals lead, zinc, copper, iron and manganese were determined using inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectroscopy(ICP OES), while the level of contamination was determined using the contamination factor(CF). The results revealed low contamination (CF<1) for most of the study area (93.33%), moderate contamination (1≤CF<3) for 4.76% of the area with respect to Fe, Pb, and Zinc, and considerable contamination (3≤CF<6) for 1.9% of the area with respect to Pb.
Contamination Factor (CF), Mine Spoil, Mine Pond
To cite this article
Zang James Gyang Nyam,
Edafetano Chris Ashano,
Metal Pollution Assessment of the Abandoned Mine Ponds and Ground Water of Parts of the Jos Plateau, North Central Nigeria, International Journal of Energy and Environmental Science.
Vol. 2, No. 3,
2017, pp. 63-72.
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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