The Effect of Npk+Mg Fertilizer Application on Potassium Availability, Potassium Uptake, and Yield of Sweet Corn (Zea mays Saccharata Sturt) in Inceptisols
International Journal of Energy and Environmental Science
Volume 5, Issue 3, May 2020, Pages: 47-50
Received: Jan. 7, 2020;
Accepted: Jan. 18, 2020;
Published: Aug. 27, 2020
Views 283 Downloads 69
Erika Oktaviani Ely, Department of Soil Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung, Indonesia
Emma Trinurani Sofyan, Department of Soil Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung, Indonesia
Dirga Sapta Sara, Department of Soil Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung, Indonesia
Follow on us
Essential nutrient needs for the growth of sweet corn can be fulfilled by the fertilization process. The combination of NPK+Mg fertilizer is one of the options to obtain adequate nutrient availability and increase sweet corn yield. This research aimed to determine the effect of NPK+Mg fertilizer on potassium availability, potassium uptake, and yield of sweet corn (Zea mays saccharata Sturt) Talenta variety in Inceptisols Jatinangor. This experiment was conducted at research field of Soil Fertility and Plant Nutrition, Department of Soil Science and Land Resources, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Padjadjaran from May to August 2019. The experimental design that had been used in this research was Randomized Block Design (RDB), which consisted 6 treatments of 1 control treatment, 1 standard NPK fertilizer treatment, and 4 treatments of NPK 12:12:17+9 MgO in different dosage. Each treatment was repeated four times so that there were 24 experimental plots. The results showed that the combination of NPK+Mg fertilization gave significant effect to the potassium availability, potassium uptake, and yield of sweet corn. 1 dosage of NPK+Mg fertilization (250 kg ha-1) gave the best effect on increasing potassium availability of 2,25 cmol kg-1, potassium uptake of 1,50%, and the yield of sweet corn of 8,68 ton hectare-1 in Inceptisols Jatinangor.
Inceptisols, NPK+Mg Fertilizer, Potassium Availability, Potassium Uptake, Sweet Corn
To cite this article
Erika Oktaviani Ely,
Emma Trinurani Sofyan,
Dirga Sapta Sara,
The Effect of Npk+Mg Fertilizer Application on Potassium Availability, Potassium Uptake, and Yield of Sweet Corn (Zea mays Saccharata Sturt) in Inceptisols, International Journal of Energy and Environmental Science.
Vol. 5, No. 3,
2020, pp. 47-50.
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Chafid M, L Nuryati, B Waryanto, Akbar, R Widaningsih. 2016. Agricultural Outlook of Food Crop: Maize. Data Center and Information System’s Ministry of Agriculture, Jakarta.
Indonesian Central Agency of Statistics. 2017. Statistic of Indonesia. Central Bureau of Statistics, Jakarta.
Data Center and Information System of Agriculture. 2017. Agricultural Land Statistics 2011-2016. Ministry of Agriculture, Jakarta.
Ketaren SE, P Marbun, P Marpaung. 2014. Inceptisol Soil Classification on the Various Elevation at Sub District of Lintong Ni Huta, Regency of Humbang Hasundutan. Agroekoteknologi 2: 1451-1458.
Halasan A and R Hasanudin. 2018. Change in Soil Chemical Characteristics and Yield of Maize in Inceptisols as Amended with Compost. Ilmu-Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia 20: 33-39.
Suntoro and P Astuti. 2014. Effect of Application Time and NPK Fertilizer Dosage on The Growth of Sweet Corn, Sweet Boys Variety. AGRIFOR XIII: 213-222.
Surbakti MF, S Ginting, and J Ginting. 2013. The Growth and Production of Corn (Zea mays L.) Pioneer-12 Variety of Pruning Leaves and Giving NPK+Mg Fertilizer. Agroekoteknologi 1: 523-534.
Panjaitan IA, Hasibuan, and Safruddin. 2018. Effect of Solid Fertilizer and NPK Fertilizer Application on Growth and Yield of Sweet Corn (Zea mays saccharata Sturt.). BERNAS Agricultural Research Journal 14: 91-100.
Kasno A and T Rostaman. 2013. Nutrient Uptake and Maize Productivity due to NPK Compound Fertilizer Application. Penelitian Pertanian Tanaman Pangan 32: 179-186.
Sitepu, A and Adiwirman. 2017. Growth Response and Sweet Corn Production (Zea mays var. saccharata Sturt) on Solid Waste of Palm Oil Factory and NPK. Mahasiswa Faperta UR 4: 1-18.
Fi’liyah, Nurjaya, and Syekhfani. 2016. Effects of KCl Fertilizer on Soil N, P, K and Nutrient Uptake by Maize Plant in Inceptisols Situ Hilir, Cibungbulang, Bogor. Tanah dan Sumberdaya Lahan 3: 329-337.
Nursyamsi D. 2011. Mechanisms of Releasing Fixed Potassium as Available Nutrient for Plant Growth on Smectitic Soils. Sumber Daya Lahan 5: 61-74.
Hussain A, M Arshad, Z Ahmad, HT Ahmad, M Afzal, M Ahmad. 2015. Potassium Fertilization Influences Growth, Physiology and Nutrients Uptake of Maize (Zea mays L.). Cercetări Agronomice în Moldova XLVIII: 37-50.
Akmalia HA and E Suharyanto. 2017. Physiological Resposes and ‘Sweet Boy-02’ Maize (Zea mays L.) Productivity in Different Light and Water Treatment. Teknosains 2: 59-70.
Noza L, H Yetti, and MA Khoiri. 2014. Dolomite and N, P, K Fertilizers Effect on Growth and Yield of Sweet Corn (Zea mays saccharata Sturt) in Peat Land. Mahasiswa Faperta UR 1: 1-11.