International Journal of Energy and Environmental Science
Volume 5, Issue 3, May 2020, Pages: 51-56
Received: Jul. 27, 2020;
Accepted: Aug. 12, 2020;
Published: Aug. 31, 2020
Views 277 Downloads 83
Edosa Tadesa, Department of Agricultural Economics, College of Agriculture, Oda Bultum University, Chiro, Ethiopia
Almost all farmers in Ethiopia were depending on rainfall for their agricultural activities. Even if farmers depend on rainfall, climate change, especially drought highly affect the productivity of farmers in the country in general. The main objective of this review is to review household perception on climate change, adaptation strategies and determinants of choice of climate change adaptation strategies in Ethiopia. For this review secondary data was collected from published and unpublished documents related to this topic and organized. From the reviewed published and unpublished documents, smallholder farmers perceive climate change through local knowledge and their past experience rather than scientifically identified perception using GIS and remote sensing technology, farmers employed different climate change adaptation strategies such as cultivating different crops, planting different crop varieties, changing planting dates, use of soil and water conservation techniques, conservation agriculture practices and engaging in non-farm income activities. From the review result access to information, farming experience, number of households in one village, distance to main market, and income of household, and agro-ecological settings influenced farmers’ adaptation choices to climate change.
Review on Climate Change Adaptation Strategies in Ethiopia, International Journal of Energy and Environmental Science.
Vol. 5, No. 3,
2020, pp. 51-56.
Abrham Belay; John W. Recha; Teshale Woldeamanuel and John F. Morton, 2017. Smallholder farmers’ adaptation to climate change and determinants of their adaptation decisions in the Central Rift Valley of Ethiopia. Agriculture & Food Security.
Adeoti A. I, Coster, A. S and Akanni T. A. 2016. Analysis of farmers vulnerability, perception and adaptation to climate change in Kwara State, Nigeria. International Journal of Climate Research, 1 (1): 1-16. African continent: A geospatial and long-term perspective. Hydrology and Earth.
Amogne Asfaw, Belay Simane, Ali Hassen & Amare Bantider (2017). Determinants of non-farm livelihood diversification: evidence from rainfed-dependent smallholder farmers in northcentral Ethiopia (Woleka sub-basin), Development Studies Research, 4: 1, 22-36, DOI: 10.1080/21665095.2017.1413411. and Sustainable Development, 5 (7): 162-182.
Aschalew Shiferaw. 2014. Smallholder Farmers Adaptation Strategies to Climate Change in Burton, I., and Cohen, S. J. 1992. Adapting to global warming: Regional options. In International Conference on Impacts of Climatic Variations and Sustainable Development in Semi-Arid Regions (ICID). Esquel Brazil Foundation, Brasilia, Brazil.
Central Statistics Authority (2007) Summary statistics and statistical report of population and housing census. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia Centre, London.
Chichongue O. J, Karuku G. N., Mwala A. K., Onyango C. M. and Magalhaes A. M., 2015. Farmers’ risk perceptions and adaptation to climate change in Lichinga and Sussundenga, Mozambique. African Journal of Agricultural Research, Vol. 10 (17).
Climate Change the Case of Farmers in the Nile Basin of Ethiopia: Environment and Production Technology Division. IFPRI Discussion Paper. 00935.
Deressa, T., Hassan, R. M., and Ringler, C. 2008. Measuring Ethiopian farmers' vulnerability EPCC (Ethiopian Panel on Climate Change). 2015. First Assessment Report, Working Group II Agriculture and Food Security. Ethiopian Academy of Sciences. Ethiopia. Draft Report of World Bank. Washington, DC. Ethiopia. Environmental Systems Research, 5 (1): 7. Ethiopia: Evidence from Adola Rede Woreda, Oromia Region. Journal of Economics.
FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization). 2016. Ethiopia situation report. May 2016.
FDRE (2011) Ethiopia’s climate-resilient green economy green economy strategy. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
FDRE (2015). Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC) of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia. Addis Ababa. International Journal of Climate Change Strategies and Management, 8 (2): 253-270.
IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change). 2007. Climate change 2007: Synthesis
IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change). 2014. Climate Change 2014: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability: Regional Aspects. Cambridge University Press.
IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change). 2012. Glossary of terms in managing the Journal of Agriculture and Environment, 12: 1-14.
Komba, C., & Muchapondwa, E. (2012). Adaptation to climate change by smallholder farmers in Tanzania. Economic Resources. Southern Africa (ERSA) working paper, 299 (5).
Kothari, C. R. 2004. Research methodology: Methods and techniques. Second Revised Edition. New Age International
Krishna, P. P. 2011. Economics of climate change for smallholder farmers in Nepal. The Kurukulasuriya, P., and Mendelsohn, R. 2008. A Ricardian analysis of the impact of climate change on African cropland. African Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, 2 (1): 1-23.
Mahoo H., Radney M., Kinyanji J., and Cramer L., eds. 2013. Climate Change Variability and Masih, I., Maskey, S., Mussá, F. E. F., and Trambauer, P. 2014. A review of droughts on the MoA (Ministry of Agriculture). 2011. Agriculture Sector Program of Plan on Adaptation to Climate Change. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. New York, NY, USA. 555-564.
NPC (2016). The Second Growth and Transformation Plan (GTP II) 2015/16-2019/20)
PANE (Poverty Action Network Ethiopia). 2009. The Impact of Climate Change on Mil lennium Development Goals (MDGs) and Plan for Accelerated and Sustained Development to End Poverty (PASDEP) implementation in Ethiopia, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
Parry, M. 2007. The implications of climate change for crop yields, global food supply and report of working Groups I and II, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, and report. Contribution of working Groups I, II and III to the fourth assessment report of risk of hunger. Centre for Environmental Policy, University of London and Hadley risks of extreme events and disasters to advance climate change adaptation.
Solomon Addisu, Getachew Fissha, Birhanu Gediff and Yemane Asmelash. 2016. Perception and adaptation models of climate change by the rural people of lake Tana Sub-Basin, System Sciences, 18 (9): 3635.
Tadele Ferede, Ashenafi Belayneh, and Hanjra, M. A. 2013. Agroecology matters: Impacts of climate change on agriculture and its implications for food security in Ethiopia. Global food security: Emerging issues and economic implications, 71-112.
Temesgen Tadesse, Claudia Ringler and Rashid Hassan. (2010) Factors affecting the choices of coping strategies for climate extremes: the case of farmers in the Nile Basin of Ethiopia. University of Pretoria, Pretoria.
Temesgen Tadesse, Hassan R. M. and Ringler, C. 2009. Assessing Household Vulnerability to the intergovernmental Panel on climate change. IPCC, Geneva, Switzerland. to climate change across regional states. IFPRI discussion paper. No. 806. Washington, DC.
Wondimagegn Tesfaye and Lemma Seifu. (2016). Climate change perception and choice of World Bank. 2010. Costing Adaptation through Local Institution. Village survey results.