Development and Characterization (Thermo-Mechanical and Morphological) of Completely Biodegradable Composites of Polypropylene (PP) Reinforced Short Natural Fiber Jute
Volume 3, Issue 1, June 2019, Pages: 22-29
Received: Oct. 17, 2018;
Accepted: Nov. 9, 2018;
Published: Apr. 12, 2019
Views 168 Downloads 24
Md. Nazrul Islam, Department of Physics, Primeasia University, Banani Dhaka, Bangladesh
M. A. Gafur, PP and PDC, BCSIR, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Md. Sahadat Hossain, Department of Chemistry, Primeasia University, Banani Dhaka, Bangladesh
The composites of biodegradable Polypropylene (PP) reinforced with short jute fiber were prepared by melt mixing followed by hot press molding. The composites were prepared with the aim to develop new biodegradable materials for different applications. Jute fiber is well known for its biodegradable properties but PP is not biodegradable material. The combination of the two materials will lead to the biodegradable properties in some extent as well as higher mechanical properties. The mechanical properties, thermal properties, micro structural analysis and morphologies of the composites were studied via UTM (Universal Testing Machine), Thermo gravimetric analysis (TGA) and Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) respectively. The mechanical properties like tensile strength (TS), tensile modulus (TM), flexural strengths (FS) and flexural modulus (FM) were measured for both treated and untreated specimens and compared. The results show that alkali treated jute reinforced composites have much better properties than the untreated one. The TS, TM, FS and FMwere decreased with increasing of untreated fiber and increased with the increasing of treated fiber in PP-Jute composites (PPJC). The changes in the mechanical properties were broadly related to the accompanying modifications and interfacial bonding of PPJC. Scanning Electron Microscopic image observations indicated good interfacial contact between the short jute fiber and PP matrix. Thermal analysis (TG /DTG) revealed that the introduction of short jute fiber led to a slightly improved thermo oxidative stability of PP-Jute composites.
Md. Nazrul Islam,
M. A. Gafur,
Md. Sahadat Hossain,
Development and Characterization (Thermo-Mechanical and Morphological) of Completely Biodegradable Composites of Polypropylene (PP) Reinforced Short Natural Fiber Jute, Composite Materials.
Vol. 3, No. 1,
2019, pp. 22-29.
Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) (Key project, Grunt 29734120), the Natural Science Foundation Guangdong province (Team project, grunt 015007), the key strategic project of Chiness Academy of Science (grunt KJCX2-206B).
Doi, Y.; Fukuda, K. In Biodegradable, Plastics and Polymers. Proceedings of the Third International Scientific Workshop on Biodegradable Plastics and Polymers, Osaka, Japan, November 9-11, 1993, Elsevier; Amsterdam, 1994.
Vert, M,; Feijen, J,; Albertsson, A.; Choellini, E. Biodegradable Polymers and Plastics; The Royal Society of Chemistry, London, 1992.
Ranna, A. K.; Basak, R. K.; Mitra, B. C.; M.; Banerjee, A. N. J ApplPolymSci 1517.
Phillip, A. R. ReinfPlast 1964, 8, 306.
Phillip, A. R. Eng. Mater 1965, 8, 475.
Rao, A. N.; Lakkad, S. C. FibreSciTechnol 1981, 15, 41.
Ghosh, P. J. Ganguly, P. K. Plast. Rubb ComposProcAppl 1993, 20, 171.
Rajula, A. V,; Babu, Rao, G.; Ravi. Prasad Rao, B, J ApplPolymSci 2002, 84, 2216.
Rajulu, A. V,; Li, X. H; Meng, Y. Z. Babu, Rao, G,; Ganga Devi, L, Raju, K,; Raju, K,; Ramakrishna Reddy, R. J ApplPolymSci 2003, 90, 1604-1608.
Ranna, A. K.; Basak, R. K.; Mitra, Banerjee, A. N. J Appl Poly Sci 1997, 1517.
Mitra, B. C.; Basak, R. K.; Sarkar, M. J ApplPolymSci 1998, 67, 1093.
Guha Roy, T. K.; Chatterjee, S. K.;. Adhikari, D.: Mukherjee, A. K. J. Text Inst. 1988, 79, 108.
Andrzej K. Bledzki, Omar Faruk, MominulHuque. Phico – mechanical studies of wood fiber reinforced composites. International conference Thermal Engineering 2001–2002, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
R. JKuriger, MkhirulAlam, Thermal Properties of Carbon Fiber Reinforced Polypropylene, Bsme-Asme Int. Conf. on Thermal Engineering, 31Dec 2001-2 Jan - 2002.
M. D. H Beg and K. L. Picking, The 2ndInternational Conference on structure, Processing and properties of materials SPPM 2004, 25-77 Feb, 2004, Dhaka, Bangladesh pp 24-27.
D. Ray, BK Sarkar, AK Rana and N R Bose (2001). “The mechanical properties of vinylester resin matrix composites reinforced with alkali–treated jute fibers Composite”. Part A. Applied Science and Manufacturing vol.32 (1). pp 119 – 127.
O. A. Khondker& US Ishiaku, ANakai. H Hamada. “Processing and Mechanical properties of jute thermosetting composites reinforced with Waves and Flat Braided Fabrics”. The 2nd international conference on structure processing and properties of materials, SPPM 2004, 25-27 Feb pp 224 – 231. Dhaka, Bangladesh.
D S Varma, M Vera, I K Varma (1984) Textile Research Institute 54. pp 349.
Mohanty M. Misra and G. Hinrichsen, “Biofibers, bio degradable polymers and biocomposites’’. An over view Macromol, Master Eng (India) 2000. 276/277, 1-24
Andrzej K. Bledzki, Omar FarukMominulHaque, BSME-ASME Conference On Thermal Engineering-31 Dec.2001-2, January-2002, pp 746-750, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
D. J. Liaw and W. F. Lee, J, J Appl. Polym. Sci, 30, 4697 (1958).
W. F. Lee, J, J. Appl. Polym. Sci, 37, 3263 (1989).
W. F. Lee, J, J and C. C. Tsai, J. Appl. Polym. Sci, 52, 1447 (1994).