Effect of Foliar Applied Urea on Growth and Yield of Wheat (Triticum Aestivium L.)
International Journal of Bioorganic Chemistry
Volume 2, Issue 4, December 2017, Pages: 185-191
Received: Oct. 17, 2017; Accepted: Nov. 2, 2017; Published: Dec. 1, 2017
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Authors
Zohaib Ahmed Wagan, Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Crop Production, Sindh Agriculture University, Tando Jam, Sindh, Pakistan
Mahmooda Buriro, Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Crop Production, Sindh Agriculture University, Tando Jam, Sindh, Pakistan
Tufail Ahmed Wagan, Hubei Insect Resources Utilization and Sustainable Pest Management Key Laboratory, College of Plant, Science and Technology, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, China
Zahoor Ahmed Wagan, Department of Horticulture, Faculty of Crop Production, Sindh Agriculture University Tando Jam, Sindh, Pakistan
Sikandar Ali Jamro, School of Agronomy, Anhui Agricultural University, Hefei, China
Qurat Ul Ain Memon, College of Economics and Management, Anhui Agricultural University, Hefei, China
Shoaib Ahmed Wagan, College of Economics and Management, Anhui Agricultural University, Hefei, China
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Abstract
The aim of this study is to assess effect of foliar application of urea on growth and yield of wheat crop. The field experiment was conducted to observe the effect of foliar applied urea on growth and yield of wheat. The experiment was laid out in a three replicated randomized complete block design (RCBD) having net plot size 5×4m= (20 m2). The wheat verity TJ-83 (Tando Jam-83) was tested against six treatments of foliar applied urea such as (T1= control (sole water), T2=1%, T3= 2%, T4=3%, T5=4%, and T6=5%). Basal dose of phosphorus @ 84 kg ha-1 and nitrogen @ 120 kg ha-1 was applied at the time of sowing. The results indicated that the maximum plant height (97.1 cm), number of tillers plant-1 (10.0), spike length (12.4 cm), spikeletes spike-1 (22.5) number of grains spike-1 (65.4), grain weight spike-1 (26.4) seed index (73.2 g), straw yield (6275.3 kg ha-1) andgrain yield (5774.6 kg ha-1) was observed in foliar applied urea @ 5%. The results were statistically significant. However, foliar applied urea @ 4% was ranked 2nd and it was recorded the plant height (96.2 cm), number of tillers plant-1 (20.4), spike length (12.0 cm), spikeletes spike-1 (21.8) number of grains spike-1 (63.9), grain weight spike-1 (25.3) seed index (71.7 g), straw yield (6035.3 kg ha-1) and grain yield (5534. 6 kg ha-1). However the foliar applied urea @ 3%, 2% and 1% were also significantly affected on all the growth and yield traits of wheat, whereas, the lowest values were also recorded in control treatment in all the yield traits of wheat.
Keywords
Effect of Foliar, Urea, Wheat, Yield
To cite this article
Zohaib Ahmed Wagan, Mahmooda Buriro, Tufail Ahmed Wagan, Zahoor Ahmed Wagan, Sikandar Ali Jamro, Qurat Ul Ain Memon, Shoaib Ahmed Wagan, Effect of Foliar Applied Urea on Growth and Yield of Wheat (Triticum Aestivium L.), International Journal of Bioorganic Chemistry. Vol. 2, No. 4, 2017, pp. 185-191. doi: 10.11648/j.ijbc.20170204.15
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Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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