Landowners’ Outlook Towards Soil Erosion Problem and Conservation Strategies in Maksegnit Province, Ethiopia
International Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology
Volume 2, Issue 1, June 2018, Pages: 22-27
Received: Jul. 23, 2018;
Accepted: Aug. 9, 2018;
Published: Sep. 12, 2018
Views 757 Downloads 53
Kassaye Gurebiyaw, Department of Natural Resources Management, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia
Melese Yigzaw, Department of Natural Resources Management, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia
Soil erosion is an imperative environmental deterioration almost all over the world, which leads to reduction of crop yield. Present study investigates farmers' views of soil erosion problems and their conservation measures in the Gummara-Maksegnit watershed to understand inter-relationships between perception of farmers' knowledge and soil conservation practices. Data was obtained from a survey of 332 farm households and informal discussions selected by stratified random sampling from upper, middle and lower catchment at Fertamit, Enkri and Dilkana districts respectively. Both open ended and close ended questionnaires were employed to acquire required data. The result revealed that 81% of the local people realize the occurrence of soil erosion in their farm land. Moreover, 67% of the population recognizes the formation of rill forms of soil erosion on their farm land. 45% of the communities perceive soil erosion as primary factor for productivity reduction while 48% of them consider as second cause. Finally, there are several soil conservation measures done by the society living in the watershed. 84% of the population constructed stone bund on their farm land to control soil erosion. Other soil conservation measures like soil bund, draining ditch, tree planting and contour plowing were practiced. The varieties of conservation measures were very limited and incapable to control erosion forms like gully. Therefore it is highly recommended to teach farmers concerning different soil and water conservation measures and its relevance for tackling soil erosion.
Landowners’ Outlook Towards Soil Erosion Problem and Conservation Strategies in Maksegnit Province, Ethiopia, International Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology.
Vol. 2, No. 1,
2018, pp. 22-27.
B. Gebremedhin and S. M. Swinton, “land tenure security and public programs,” vol. 29, pp. 69–84, 2003.
P. Asrat, K. Belay, and D. Hamito, “Determinants of farmers ’ willingness to pay for soil conservation practices in the southeastern highlands of ethiopia,” vol. 438, pp. 423–438, 2004.
W. Sun, Q. Shao, J. Liu, and J. Zhai, “Assessing the effects of land use and topography on soil erosion on the Loess Plateau in China,” Catena, vol. 121, pp. 151–163, 2014.
Y. Kassa, “Impact of Integrated Soil and Water Conservation Program on Crop Production and Income in West Harerghe Zone, Ethiopia,” International Journal of Environmental Monitoring and Analysis, vol. 1, no. 4, p. 111, 2013.
S. U. Baba, “Farmers ’ Perceptions of Soil Degradation in Rural Kano, Northern Nigeria,” vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 8–12, 2017.
D. M. Moges and A. A. Taye, “Determinants of farmers’ perception to invest in soil and water conservation technologies in the North-Western Highlands of Ethiopia,” International Soil and Water Conservation Research, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 56–61, 2017.
P. L. G. Vlek and M. Denich, “Ecology and Development Series No. 89, 2012 Effectiveness of soil and water conservation measures for land restoration in the Wello area, northern Ethiopian highlands,” no. 89, 2012.
D. Weldemariam, M. Kebede, M. Taddesse, and T. Gebre, “Farmers’ perceptions’ and participation on Mechanical soil and water conservation techniques in Kembata Tembaro Zone: the Case of Kachabirra Woreda, Ethiopia,” International Journal of Advanced Structures and Geotechnical Engineering, vol. 02, no. 04, pp. 2319–5347, 2013.
D. Pimentel and M. Burgess, “Soil Erosion Threatens Food Production,” Agriculture, vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 443–463, 2013.
K. K. Beyene, “Soil Erosion, Deforestation and Rural Livelihoods in Thecentral Rift Valley Area of Ethiopia: a Case Study in the Denku Micro- Watershed Oromia Region,” p. 90, 2011.
A. Negassi, E. Bein, and K. Gebru, Soil conservation Some case studies, no. 23. 2000.
Y. Gebreselassie, T. Amdemariam, M. Haile, and C. Yamoah, “Lessons from upstream soil conservation measures to mitigate soil erosion and its impact on upstream and downstream users of the Nile River,” CP 19 Project Workshop Proceedings, pp. 170–183, 2009.
J. Nyssen, K. Descheemaeker, M. Haile, J. Deckers, and J. Poesen, Lessons learnt from 10 years research on soil erosion and soil and water conservation in Tigray. Tigray Livelihood Papers No. 7, no. 7. 2007.
A. Birhanu and D. Meseret, “Structural Soil and Water Conservation Practices in Farta District, North Western Ethiopia : An Investigation on Factors Influencing Continued Use,” vol. 7522, no. 4, pp. 114–121, 2013.
A. Ayalew, “Construction of Soil Conservation Structures for improvement of crops and soil productivity in the Southern,” vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 21–29, 2011.
K. Herweg and E. Ludi, “The performance of selected soil and water conservation measures — case studies from Ethiopia and Eritrea,” 1999.
A. D. Zegeye, “Assessment of upland erosion processes and farmer’s perception of land conservation in Debre-Mewi watershed, near Lake Tana, Ethiopia,” Perception, p. 90, 2009.
H. Hurni, “Land degradation, famine, and land resource scenarios in Ethiopia,” Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp. 27–62, 1993.
A. Adugna, A. Abegaz, and A. Cerdà, “Soil erosion assessment and control in Northeast Wollega, Ethiopia,” Solid Earth Discussions, vol. 7, no. 4, pp. 3511–3540, 2015.
D. Meseret, “Land Degradation in Amhara Region of Ethiopia : Review on Extent, Impacts and Rehabilitation Practices,” vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 120–130, 2016.
T. Gashaw, A. Bantider, and H. G. Silassie, “Land Degradation in Ethiopia : Causes, Impacts and Rehabilitation Techniques,” vol. 4, no. 9, pp. 98–105, 2014.
J. Dumanski, “Evolving concepts and opportunities in soil conservation,” International Soil and Water Conservation Research, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 1–14, 2015.
W. Zhi, H. Lang, Z. Min, and J. Li, “Soil degradation and restoration as affected by land use change in the semiarid Bashang area, northern China,” vol. 59, pp. 173–186, 2005.
S. Thiemann, “Assessment of Erosion and Soil Erosion Processes – a Case Study from the Northern Ethiopian Highland,” vol. 3, pp. 173–185, 2005.
G. Grabherr, “Biodiversity in the high ranges of the Alps: Ethnobotanical and climate change perspectives,” Global Environmental Change, vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 167–172, 2009.
A. Amsalu and J. De Graaff, “Determinants of adoption and continued use of stone terraces for soil and water conservation in an Ethiopian highland watershed,” vol. 1, 2006.
K. Esser and M. Haile, “Soil Conservation in Tigray, Ethiopia,” Soil Conservation, no. 5, pp. 1–21, 2002.
H. Teklewold and G. Kohlin, “Risk preferences as determinants of soil conservation decisions in Ethiopia,” Journal of Soil and Water Conservation, vol. 66, no. 2, pp. 87–96, 2011.
WARDO, “Socio-economic inventory of admistrative regions,” 2017.