Prevalence of Intestinal Parasites from Abattoir Effluents in Jos Metropolis, Nigeria
International Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology
Volume 4, Issue 1, June 2020, Pages: 1-10
Received: Nov. 28, 2019; Accepted: Dec. 25, 2019; Published: Jan. 7, 2020
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Authors
Victoria Daminabo, Department of Science Laboratory Technology, School of Science and Technology, Captain Elechi Amadi Polytechnic, Port Harcourt, Nigeria
James Damen, Department of Medical Microbiology and Parasitology, Jos University Teaching Hospital, Jos, Nigeria
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Abstract
This study was carried out to determine the prevalence of intestinal parasites from abattoir effluents. A total of 200 samples were examined out of which 50 samples each from Goat, Sheep, Pig and Cow respectively. These samples were processed using standard parasitological techniques including macroscopy, microscopy; formol ether concentration and modified Ziehl Neelsen method. Out of the 200 samples examined 109 where positive for intestinal parasites. This result revealed an overall prevalence of 54.5% in all. A total of 30 (60%) was recorded for goat, 23 (46.0%) cow, 29 (58.0%) sheep and 27 (54.0%) pigs. The prevalence of different parasites encountered included Ascaris suum (5.6%), Trichuris trichiura (3.2%), Hookworm (24.2%), Strongyloides stercolaris (0.8%), Teania spp. (2.8%), Enterobius vermicularis (7.1%) Trichostrongylus (8.3%), Diphyllobothrium latum (0.4%), Schistosoma intercalatum (0.1%), Fasciolopsis buski (8.3%), Fasciola hepatica (3.2%) and Metagonimus yokogawai (0.4%). Others were Paragonimus westermani (0.4%), Entamoeba coli (9.9%), Entamoeba histolytica (6.7%), Giardia lamblia (4.4%), Trichomonas hartmani (0.8%), Balantidium coli (11.1%) and Oocyst of Crypstoporidium (2.0%). The highest prevalence was hookworm (42.6%) in goat and Balantidium coli (60.7%) in pigs. Fasciolopsis buski and Metagonimus yokogawai had the lowest prevalence (0.4%). There was a significant prevalence of intestinal parasites in effluents of Jos Abbatoir.
Keywords
Intestinal Parasites, Abattoir Effluents, Prevalence, Jos, Hookworm, Goat, Sheep, Pig, Nigeria
To cite this article
Victoria Daminabo, James Damen, Prevalence of Intestinal Parasites from Abattoir Effluents in Jos Metropolis, Nigeria, International Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. Vol. 4, No. 1, 2020, pp. 1-10. doi: 10.11648/j.ijpp.20200401.11
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Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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