Comparison of Yields of Paddy Rice Under System of Rice Intensification in Mwea, Kenya
American Journal of Plant Biology
Volume 2, Issue 2, May 2017, Pages: 49-60
Received: Mar. 6, 2017;
Accepted: Mar. 24, 2017;
Published: Apr. 14, 2017
Views 2368 Downloads 178
Jackline Alinda Ndiiri, Department of Soil, Water and Environmental Engineering, Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology, Nairobi, Kenya
Norman Uphoff, SRI-Rice, Ithaca, NY, USA
Bancy Mbura Mati, Department of Soil, Water and Environmental Engineering, Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology, Nairobi, Kenya
Patrick Gathogo Home, Department of Soil, Water and Environmental Engineering, Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology, Nairobi, Kenya
Benson Odongo, African Institute for Capacity Building and Development, Nairobi, Kenya
Jackline Alinda Ndiiri,
Bancy Mbura Mati,
Patrick Gathogo Home,
Comparison of Yields of Paddy Rice Under System of Rice Intensification in Mwea, Kenya, American Journal of Plant Biology.
Vol. 2, No. 2,
2017, pp. 49-60.
Anthofer, J. (2004). The potential of the System of Rice Intensification (SRI) for poverty reduction in Cambodia, Deutscher Tropentag Berlin, 2004. Conference on International Agricultural Research for Development. German Development Co-operation (GTZ). http://www.tropentag.de/2004/abstracts/full/399.pdf
Bera, A. (2009). A magic wand for hungry stomachs. Tehelka Magazine 6: 18. http://www.tehelka.com/story_main41.asp?filename=cr090509a_magic.asp.
Berkelaar, D. (2001). SRI, the System of Rice Intensification: Less can be more. ECHO Development Notes 10, 70: 1-7.
Bhuiyan, S. I. and Tuong, T. P. (1995). Water use in rice production: Issues, research opportunities and policy implications. Paper presented at the Inter-Center Water Management Workshop, 29–30 September 1995. International Irrigation Management Institute, Colombo, and World Health Organization, Colombo
Bouman, B. A. and Tuong, T. P. (2000). Field water management to save water and increase its productivity in irrigated lowland rice. Agricultural Water Management 1615: 1-20.
Bouman, B. A., Peng, S., Castañeda, A. R. and Visperas, R. M. (2005). Yield and water use of irrigated tropical aerobic rice systems. Agricultural Water Management 74: 87-105.
Bouman, B. A. M., Lampayan, R. M. and Tuong, T. P. (2007). Water Management in Irrigated Rice: Coping With Water Scarcity. International Rice Research Institute, Los Baños, Philippines Pp. 54.
Chapagain, T. and Yamaji, E. (2010). The effects of irrigation method, age of seedling and spacing on crop performance, productivity and water-wise rice production in Japan. Paddy and Water Environment 8: 81-90.
Clayton, S. (2010). Cold snaps cause rice sterility. Press release at International Rice Research Institute, Los Baños, Philippines. Creative Commons. http//:www.irri.org/web-licence.
Emongόr, R. A., Mureithi, F. M., Ndirangu, S. N., Kitaka, D. M. and Walele, B. M. (2009). The Rice Value Chain in Kenya with Reference to Rice Producers. Kenya Agricultural Research Institute (KARI), Kenya.
Gommes, R. A. (1983). Pocket computers in agro-meteorology. Plant production and Protection Paper n. 45. FAO, Rome, Italy, 140.
Herschy, R. W. (1995). Stream Flow Measurement, 2nd Ed. E & FN Spon, London (an imprint of Chapman and Hall).
Husain, A. M., Chowhan, G., Barua, P., Uddin, A. F. M. and Rahman, A. B. M. (2004). Final evaluation report on verification and refinement of the system of rice intensification (SRI) project in selected areas of Bangladesh. PETRRA-Project, IRRI, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
Jagannath, P., Pullabhotla H. and Uphoff N. (2013). Meta-analysis evaluating water use, water saving, and water productivity in irrigated production of rice with SRI vs. standard management methods. Taiwan Water Conservancy, 61: 4, 14-49.
Kabir, H. and Uphoff, N. (2007). Results of disseminating the System of Rice Intensification with Farmer Field School methods in Northern Myanmar. Journal of Experimental Agriculture 43, 463-476.
Kar, S., Varade, S. B., Subramanyam, T. K. and Ghildyal, B. P. (1974). Nature and growth pattern of rice root system under submerged and unsaturated conditions. Il Riso (Italy) 23: 173–179.
Kawata, S. and Katano, M. (1976). On the direction of the crown root growth of rice plants. Crop Science Society of Japan 45: 471–483.
Kenneth, J., Hellevang, P. E., 1995. Grain Moisture Content Effects and Management. Extndusu extension service, North Dakota State University, Fargo, ND 58105.
Keisuke, S., Yamaji, E., Sato, S., Budhiharto, P. S. and Mizoguchi, M. (2007). Sustainability of system of rice intensification: Benefits of SRI focusing on effects of intermittent irrigation on yield increase and water savings. In: Proceeding of PAWEES 2007 6th International Conference on Sustainable Rural Development and Management, Seoul National University, Seoul, 18 October 2007, pp 25–37.
Kobayashi, M. (2009). High temperatures cause male sterility in rice plants with transcriptional alterations during pollen development. Rice Biotechnology Research Team, National Institute of Crop Science, National Agriculture and Food Research Organization, Tsukuba, Japan.
Laulanié, H. (1993). Le système de riziculture intensive malgache. Tropicultura 11: 110-114.
Littell, R. C., Milliken, G. A., Stroup, W. W., Wolfinger, R. D. and Schabenberger, O. D. (2006). SAS for mixed models, 2nd Edition. SAS Institute Inc., Cary, NC, pp 813.
Masood, A. M. and Raza, I. (2012). Estimation of Optimum Field Plot Size and Shape in Paddy Yield Trial. American-Eurasian Journal of Scientific Research 7, 6: 264-269.
Mati, B. M. and Nyamai, M. (2009). Promoting the System of Rice Intensification in Kenya: Growing more with less water: an information brochure used for training on SRI in Mwea. http://www.imawesa.net/publications/training manuals/IMAWESA Training Manual5-SRI notes.pdf.
Mati, B. M., Wanjogu, R. K., Odongo, B. and Home, P. G. (2011). Introduction of System of Rice Intensification in Kenya: Experiences from Mwea Irrigation Scheme. Paddy and Water Environment 9, 1: 145-154.
McDonald, A. J., Hobbs, P. R. and Riha, S. J. (2006). Does the System of Rice Intensification out-perform conventional best management? A synopsis of the empirical record. Field Crops Research 96: 31-36.
Michael, A. M., 2008. Irrigation Theory and Practice, VIKAS publishing 2nd edition.
Mishra, A. (2009). System of rice intensification (SRI): A quest for interactive science to mitigate the climate change vulnerability. Asian Institute of Technology, Agricultural Systems and Engineering; School of Environment, Bangkok, Thailand. IOP Conf. Series: Earth and Environmental Science 6, 24: 20-28.
Mishra, A. and Salokhe, V. M. (2008). Seedling characteristics and early growth of transplanted rice under different water regimes. Experimental Agriculture 44, 1-19.
Nemoto, K., Morita, S. and Baba, T. (1995). Shoot and root development in rice related to the phyllochron. Crop Science 35: 24-29.
Pitts, D. J., Obreza, T. A., Parker, D. and Smajstrla, A. G. (1996). A vacuum chamber for testing tensiometers. Technical paper presented at the Florida Section ASAE annual meeting, May, 1996. Cocoa Beach, FL. Republic of Kenya., 2008. National Rice Development Strategy 2008-2018. Ministry of Agriculture, Nairobi.
Republic of Kenya (2008) National Rice Development Strategy 2008-2018. Ministry of Agriculture, Nairobi
Republic of Kenya. (2013). Food security assessment report, Department of crops management. Ministry of Agriculture. MOA/CRP/FIELD/01/20.
Sarath. P. and Thilak, B. (2004). Comparison of productivity of System of Rice Intensification and conventional rice farming systems in the Dry-Zone Region of Sri Lanka. New directions for a diverse planet: Proceedings of the 4th International Crop Science Congress, Brisbane, Australia, 26th Sep-1st Oct. ISBN 1 920842 20 9 SAS Institute Inc., 2004. SAS/STAT® 9.1 User’s Guide. Cary, NC, USA. pp5121.
Sato, S. and Uphoff, N. (2007). A review of on-farm evaluation of system of rice intensification (SRI) methods in eastern Indonesia. CAB Reviews: Perspectives in Agriculture, Veterinary Science, Nutrition and Natural Resources, 2: 54. Commonwealth Agricultural Bureau International, Wallingford, UK.
Sheldrick, B. H., Wang, C., 1993. Particle Size Distribution. Pp 499-511. In: MR Carter (ed.) Soil Sampling and Methods of Analysis. Canadian Society of Soil Science. Lewis Publishers. Ann Arbor.
Sombroek, W. G., Braun, H. M. H. and Van der Pouw, B. J. A. (1982). The exploratory soil map of Kenya and agro climatic zone map of Kenya scale 1:1million. Exploratory Soil Survey Report No. E1. Kenya Soil Survey, Nairobi.
Stoop, W. A., Uphoff, N. and Kassam, A. (2002). A review of agricultural research issues raised by the system of rice intensification (SRI) from Madagascar: Opportunities for improving farming systems for resource-poor farmers. Agricultural Systems 71: 249-274.
Surajit, K. (1981). Principles and Practices of Rice Production. Technology and Engineering. Wiley, New York.
Sure, H. (2010). Rice production and research activities in Turkey. The Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, Thrace Agricultural Research Institute, Edirne, Turkey. Cashiers Options Méditerranéennes 24, 2: 10.
Tan, R. (1976). Proceedings of the Symposium on Climate and Rice. Technology and Engineering. J. W. Wiley, Los Banos, Philippines.
Thakur. A. K., Rath, S., Roychowdhury, S. and Uphoff, N. (2009). Comparative performance of Rice with System of Rice Intensification (SRI) and conventional management using different plant spacings. Journal of Agronomy and Crop Science 196: 146-159.
Uphoff, N. (2003). Higher yields with fewer external inputs? The system of rice intensification and potential contributions to agricultural sustainability. International Journal of Agricultural Sustainability 1: 38-50.
Uphoff N. (2007). Agro-ecological alternatives: capitalizing on existing genetic potentials. Journal of Development Studies 43: 218-236.
Uphoff, N. and Kassam, A. (2009). Case study: System of Rice Intensification, in agricultural technologies for developing countries. Final report. Annex 3. European Technology Assessment Group, Karlsruhe, Germany.
Vermeule, M. (2009). More from less, from less to more. Scaling Up: Dissemination of a Rice Cultivation Technique. Farming Matters. Amsterfoort, the Netherlands Pp. 3.
Wanjogu, R. K., Mugambi, G., Adoli, H. L., Shisanya, S. O. and Tamura, M. (1995). Mwea Rice Production Manual. Mwea Irrigation Agricultural Development Project. National Irrigation Board Library, Nairobi.
Welch, R., Vincent, R., Auffhammer, M., Moya, F., Dobermann, A. and Dawe, D. (2010). Rice yields in tropical/subtropical Asia exhibit large but opposing sensitivities to minimum and maximum temperatures. Sustainability Science, PNAS Early Edition, Pp 6.
World Bank Institute. (2008). System of Rice Intensification (SRI): Achieving more with less - A new way of rice cultivation. Overview of SRI - Improving Rice Productivity and Achieving Water Savings. WBI Multimedia Team. World Bank Institute, Washington, D. C. http://info.worldbank.org/etools/docs/library/245848/index.html.
Yoshida, S. (1981). Fundamentals of Rice Crop Science. International Rice Research Institute, Manila, Philippines.
Zhao, L., Wu, L., Li, Y., Animeshi, S., Zhu, D. and Uphoff, N. (2010). Comparison of yield, water use efficiency, and soil microbial biomass as affected by the System of Rice Intensification. Communications in Plant Science and Plant Analysis 41: 1-12.