Use of Non-timber Forest Products of Plant Origin as Food and the Impact of Human Activities on Their Sustainability in the South West of the Central African Republic
American Journal of Plant Biology
Volume 4, Issue 4, December 2019, Pages: 96-104
Received: Mar. 18, 2019; Accepted: Jun. 18, 2019; Published: Oct. 31, 2019
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Guy Gildas Sosthène Zima, Faculty of Sciences, Department of Plant Biodiversity, University of Bangui, Bangui, Central African Republic
Fidele Mialoundama, Faculty of Sciences, Doctoral Training in Natural Sciences Agronomy, Marien Ngouabi University, Brazzaville, Congo
Innocent Kossa, Higher Institute of Rural Development (ISDR), University of Bangui, Bangui, Central African Republic
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Non-timber forest products (NTFPs) play a very important role in the food and nutrition security of developing countries and constitute a rich heritage that must be explored and brought to a higher level. In view of this issue, a study was carried out in 09 villages in the intervention zone of the Kadéi Forestry Society located in the South West of the Central African Republic (CAR). This study aims to identify NTFPs of plant origin with high food potential and the impacts of human activities on their sustainability. On the basis of various methodological approaches (ethno botanical surveys of 516 households, literature review, inventory technique...), data were collected, processed and analysed. The results obtained made it possible to carry out an inventory of 69 non-timber plant species belonging to 25 families and 2 large systematic groups namely Gnetophytes and Magnoliophytes. The relative use of plant organs showed that fruits (47%) are consumed more often followed by leaves (36%). The variables collected from the types of uses made it possible to identify 9 priority NTFPs and to highlight the gradual disappearance of 6 large NTFPs due to the effects of human activities directly affecting the ecological niche and the sustainability of these natural resources. In such a context where NTFPs remain a livelihood, the rigorous implementation of good farming practices can contribute to their rational use and conservation for the benefit of future generations.
NWFP Food Plant, Human Activities, Sustainability, Central African Republic
To cite this article
Guy Gildas Sosthène Zima, Fidele Mialoundama, Innocent Kossa, Use of Non-timber Forest Products of Plant Origin as Food and the Impact of Human Activities on Their Sustainability in the South West of the Central African Republic, American Journal of Plant Biology. Vol. 4, No. 4, 2019, pp. 96-104. doi: 10.11648/j.ajpb.20190404.17
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