Physiochemical Responses and Cold Survival Mechanism of Rice Seedlings of Selected Cultivars in Northwest Bangladesh
American Journal of Plant Biology
Volume 5, Issue 2, June 2020, Pages: 25-29
Received: Apr. 6, 2020;
Accepted: Apr. 29, 2020;
Published: Jul. 4, 2020
Views 220 Downloads 81
Bikash Chandra Sarker, Department of Agricultural Chemistry, Faculty of Agriculture, Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science and Technology University, Dinajpur, Bangladesh
Sumaiya Aktar, Department of Agricultural Chemistry, Faculty of Agriculture, Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science and Technology University, Dinajpur, Bangladesh
Prodip Kumar Roy, Department of Chemistry, Biology and Marine Science, University of the Ryukyus, Nishihara-cho, Okinawa, Japan
Cold stress at seedling stage is a serious concern to the sustainable rice production in some regions of the world. A field experiment was carried out to investigate the physiological parameters of seedlings of selected five rice cultivars, namely Binadhan-6, BR-26, BRRI dhan28, BRRI dhan29, and BRRI dhan50 (Banglamoti) for cold survival mechanism during low temperature in the Northwest Bangladesh. The field experiment was arranged following Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) with three replications. The physiological parameters such as leaf proline, chlorophyll, total carotenoid content, relative water content (RWC) and starch were determined. In this study, the rice cultivars showed significant variation of physiological activities at low temperature. BRRI dhan28 synthesized the highest amount of proline (1.25 mg g-1), chlorophyll-a (2.63 mg g-1), chlorophyll-b (0.85 mg g-1), relative water content (93.33%) and starch (28.21%) content. Significant variability was observed among the cultivars during the experiment time for their survivability. The sequence of survival potentiality was observed as BRRI dhan28> BRRI dhan29> BR-26> BINA dhan-6> BRRI dhan50. The present finding infers that BRRI dhan28 showed the best survival potentiality based on the synthesis of proline, chlorophyll and other physiological parameters.
Bikash Chandra Sarker,
Prodip Kumar Roy,
Physiochemical Responses and Cold Survival Mechanism of Rice Seedlings of Selected Cultivars in Northwest Bangladesh, American Journal of Plant Biology.
Vol. 5, No. 2,
2020, pp. 25-29.
A. Aghaee, F. Moradi, H. Zare-Maivan, F. Zarinkamar, H. P. Irandoostand and P. Sharifi, “Physiological responses of two rice (Oryza sativa L.) genotypes to chilling stress at seedling stage”, Afri. J. Biotech., Vol. 10, pp. 7617-7621, 2011.
B. C. Sarker, M. M. Haque, M. A. Bashar, B. Roy and M. S. Rahman, “Physiological responses of rice seedlings towards screening out cold tolerant rice cultivars in Northwest Bangladesh”, Asian J. Exp. Biol. Sci., Vol. 4, pp. 623-628, 2013.
B. C. Sarker, M. U. Kulchhum, B. Roy, M. F. Hossain and M. M. Haque, “Cold tolerance mechanism of rice cultivars based on physio-morphological characteristics”, J. Sci. Technol. (Dinajpur), Vol. 13, pp. 26-34, 2015.
C. Somerville, “Direct tests of the role of membrane lipid composition in low temperature-induce photoinhibition and chilling sensitivity in plants and cyanobacteria”, Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. (USA), Vol. 92, pp. 6215–6218, 1995.
C. Y. Wang, “Physiological and biochemical responses of plants to chilling stress”, Hortic. Sci., Vol. 17, pp. 173-186, 1982.
D. I. Arnon, “Copper enzymes in isolated chloroplasts, polyphenol oxidase in Beta vulgaris L.”, Plant Physiol., Vol. 24, pp. 1-15, 1949.
G. M. de Freitas, J. Thomas, R. Liyanage, J. O. Lay, S. Basu, V. Ramegowda, et al., “Cold tolerance response mechanisms revealed through comparative analysis of gene and protein expression in multiple rice genotypes”. PLoS ONE, Vol. 14 (6), e0218019, 2019.
H. Sasaki, K. Ichimura and M. Oda, “Changes in sugar content during cold acclimation and acclimation of cabbage seedlings”, Ann. Bot., Vol. 78, pp. 365-369, 1996.
K. Priyanka and H. K Jaiswal, “Effect of cold stress on boro rice seedlings”, J. Appl. Nat. Sci., Vol. 9 (2), pp. 1036 – 1041, 2017.
L. Jiang, M. M. Xun, J. L. Wang, J. M. Wan, “QTL analysis of cold tolerance at seedling stage in rice (Oryza sativa L.) using recombination inbred lines”, Cereal Sci., Vol. 48, pp. 173-179, 2002.
L. S. Bates, R. P. Waldren and I. D. Teare, “Rapid determination of free proline for water stress studies”, Plant Soil, Vol. 39, pp. 205-208, 1973.
M. F. Thomashow, “Plant Cold acclimation: Freezing tolerance genes and regulatory mechanisms”. Annu. Rev. Plant Physiol. Plant Mol. Biol., Vol. 50, pp. 571-599, 1999.
M. M. Haque, B. C. Sarker, M. Rahman, M. A. M. Sheikh and M. A. Hossain, “Cold survival potentiality of selected rice cultivars at seedling stage in Northwest Bangladesh”, J. Sci. Technol. (Dinajpur), Vol. 14, pp. 62-69, 2016.
N. Tuteja, S. S. Gill, A. F. Tiburcio and R. Tuteja, “Rice: improving cold stress tolerance- Improving crop resistance to abiotic stress”, (Ed). John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Vol. 1 & 2, pp. 1-456, 2012.
P. D. Hare and W. A. Cress, “Metabolic implications of stress-induced proline accumulation in plants”, Plant Growth Regulation, Vol. 21, pp. 79-102, 1997.
P. D. Hare, W. A. Cress and J. Van Staden, “Dissecting the roles of osmolyte accumulation during stress”, Plant Cell Environment, Vol. 21, pp. 535-553, 1998.
P. Haldimann, “How do changes in temperature during growth affect leaf pigment composition and photosynthesis in Zea mays genotypes differing in sensitivity to low temperature?” J. Expt. Bot., Vol. 50, pp. 543-550, 1999.
Q. W. Jiang, O. Kiyoharu and I. Ryozo, “Two novel mitogen-activated protein signaling components, OsMEK1 and OsMAP1, are involved in a moderate low-temperature signaling pathway in rice”, Plant Physiol., Vol. 129, pp. 1880–1891, 2002.
R. J. Porra, “The chequered history of the development and use of simultaneous equations for the accurate determination of chlorophylls a and b”, Photosynthesis Research, Vol. 73, pp. 149-156, 2002.
R. P. Cruz and S. C. K. Milach, “Cold tolerance at the germination stage of rice: methods of evaluation and characterization of genotypes”, Sci. Agric. (Piracicaba, Braz.), Vol. 61, pp. 1-8, 2004.
S. K. Yadav, “Cold stress tolerance mechanisms in plants- A review”, Agron. Sustain. Dev., Vol. 30, pp. 515–527, 2010.
S. Kim, D. Kim and T. H. Tai, “Evaluation of rice seedling tolerance to constant and intermittent low temperature stress”, Rice Science, Vol. 19, pp. 1-14, 2012.
S. Zhang, H. Jiang, S. Peng, H. Korpelainen and C. Y. Li, “Sex-related differences in morphological, physiological, and ultrastructural responses of Populus cathayana to chilling”, J. Exp. Bot., Vol. 62, pp. 675-686, 2010.
T. Nanjo, M. Kobayashi, Y. Yoshiba, Y. Kakubari, K. Yamaguchi-Shinozaki and K. Shinozaki, “Antisense suppression of proline degradation improves tolerance to freezing and salinity in Arabidopsis thaliana”, FEBS Lett., Vol. 461, pp. 205-210, 1999.
W. W. Yan, L. P. Bai, L. Zhang, G. Chen, J. G. Fan, X. H. Gu, W. S, Cui and Z. F, Guo, “Comparative study for cold acclimation physiological indicators of Forsythia mandshurica Uyeki and Forsythia viridissima”, Ind. Middle-East J. Sci. Res., Vol. 6, pp. 556-562, 2010.