Household Food Insecurity and Women’s Nutritional Status in Addis Ababa
International Journal of Food Science and Biotechnology
Volume 2, Issue 1, February 2017, Pages: 24-30
Received: Apr. 14, 2016; Accepted: Jan. 6, 2017; Published: Mar. 24, 2017
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Tesfay Birhane Gebremariam, College of Health Science, Debre Berhan University, Debre Berhan, Ethiopia
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Background: Existing poverty, soaring food price and fast population growth are challenges of urban areas’ access to food. This especially hurt women’s nutritional status. Objective: This study was conducted to assess the level of household food insecurity and its effect on women’s nutritional status in Addis Ababa. Methodology: Cross-sectional study design was conducted from January to February 2012. A total of 550 households were selected using multistage sampling technique. Result: 3/4th of households were food-insecure by access and 40.7% of households have low dietary diversity. About 12.7% of women were underweight while 26% were overweight. Women’s body mass index increases with increasing dietary diversity score but there is no association between BMI and household food access score. Conclusion and Recommendations: Despite the fast economic growth and nutrition transition in Ethiopia, majority of households in Addis Ababa were food-insecure and food insecurity triggers under nutrition than over nutrition. Prevalence of both underweight and overweight is substantial indicating the double burden of malnutrition in the population. Households’ dietary diversity score was more sensitive than food access score in determining women’s body mass Index. There is a need to do more comprehensive and longitudinal assessment to determine the full extent of the problem and need to design urban food security programs.
Food Security, Women’s Nutritional Status, Urban
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Tesfay Birhane Gebremariam, Household Food Insecurity and Women’s Nutritional Status in Addis Ababa, International Journal of Food Science and Biotechnology. Vol. 2, No. 1, 2017, pp. 24-30. doi: 10.11648/j.ijfsb.20170201.14
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