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Assessment of Metabolites Content of Native Alcoholic Beverages Obtained from Jos, Nigeria
International Journal of Food Science and Biotechnology
Volume 5, Issue 4, December 2020, Pages: 107-111
Received: Nov. 3, 2020; Accepted: Nov. 20, 2020; Published: Dec. 16, 2020
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Samuel Yusufu Gazuwa, Department of Biochemistry, College of Health Sciences, University of Jos, Jos, Nigeria
Jonathan Dingkwoet Dabak, Department of Biochemistry, College of Health Sciences, University of Jos, Jos, Nigeria
Kiri Hashimu Jaryum, Department of Biochemistry, College of Health Sciences, University of Jos, Jos, Nigeria
Segun Afolabi Olomu, Department of Biochemistry, College of Health Sciences, University of Jos, Jos,
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Burukutu, (BKT) Pito (PT) and Goskolo (GSK) are drinks consumed routinely within the area of study. Although consumption of GSK is illegal owing to its life threatening toxicity, people still consume it secretly. Whereas BKT and PT are locally prepared using unscientific methods in preparing the drinks, GSK is a mixture containing different compounds and chemicals. BKT and PT are more commonly ingested than GSK. Because methods applied during ‘brewing’ BKT and PT are not scientific, toxic metabolites might be generated. So, the drinkers are prone to their toxic effects. This work ascertained the presence and levels of unwanted metabolites in these drinks using Gas chromatographic-Mass spectrometric (GC-MS) technique. Metabolites could aggravate the toxicity of alcohol and alcohol-related disease conditions. Results, (% relative abundance), showed the significant presence in BKTof6-Octadecanoic acid (38.51), Hexadecanoic acid (20.92), Isopentyl alcohol (12.27), 1,11,13-Octadecatriene (11.60) among others. In PT,9-Octadecanoic acid (39.40), Hexadecanoic acid (15.98), Carbonic acid methylpentyl ester (14.22), 9,17-Octadecadienal (6.37) were the major components. In GSK, 6-Octadecenoic acid (42.43), n-Hexadecanoic (17.51), 1-Butanol (16.52) 9 and 9,12-Octadecadienoic acid (10.72) were the dominant components. BKT, PT, and GSK are composed of compounds/metabolites that are organic in nature, with about 83% of them being organic acids. This leads to a decrease in pH thereby making the drinks acidic. It is concluded that the alcoholic beverages contain metabolites that predispose drinkers to metabolic or respiratory acidosis, due to drop in pH. Furthermore, these metabolites could aggravate the toxicity of alcohol. Other components of the samples include ketones, different types of alcohols, aldehydes, derivatives of benzene and esters.
Organic, Metabolites, Acids, Burukutu, Pito, Goskolo, Toxic
To cite this article
Samuel Yusufu Gazuwa, Jonathan Dingkwoet Dabak, Kiri Hashimu Jaryum, Segun Afolabi Olomu, Assessment of Metabolites Content of Native Alcoholic Beverages Obtained from Jos, Nigeria, International Journal of Food Science and Biotechnology. Vol. 5, No. 4, 2020, pp. 107-111. doi: 10.11648/j.ijfsb.20200504.19
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