The Effect of Cement Type and the Atmospheric Steam Curing Cycles on the Properties of Variable Types of Self-Compacting Lightweight Concrete
Journal of Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering
Volume 3, Issue 2, April 2018, Pages: 39-46
Received: May 31, 2018; Accepted: Jun. 22, 2018; Published: Jul. 12, 2018
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Authors
Abdulkadir Cüneyt Aydın, Department of Civil Engineering, Atatürk University, Erzurum, Turkey
Muhammed Said Gül, Department of Civil Engineering, Atatürk University, Erzurum, Turkey
Ali Öz, Department of Construction, Narman Vocational School, Atatürk University, Erzurum, Turkey
Rıza Polat, Department of Civil Engineering, Atatürk University, Erzurum, Turkey
Türkay Kotan, Department of Civil Engineering, Erzurum Technical University, Erzurum, Turkey
Murat Kurt, Department of Architecture, Atatürk University, Erzurum, Turkey
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Abstract
With the steam curing technology, effective fast curing technique in prefabrication technology, the effect of atmospheric steam curing on the mechanical properties of variable types of self-compacting lightweight concretes and the combination of the properties of semi-lightweight self-compacting concrete are important engineering approaches, focused in this study, in terms of workable and lightweight concrete production that is easy to apply. The cement type (CEM I 42.5 and CEM II 32.5) and three types of aggregates (normal, pumice and raw perlite) were the parameters of the study, including three types of steam curing cycle. The manufactured concrete samples were not only tested for compressive strength and bending, but also for splitting tensile strength. The fresh and hardened unit weight, dimension check and ultrasonic pulse velocity observations were also obtained for all 108 concrete samples. The three steam curing cycles were about 36.5 hours for 65°C, 70°C and 75°C. These steam-curing cycles were designed according to predesign tests and literature. As a result, the cement type and aggregate effect on the steam curing regimes were obtained. The decrease in the compressive strength of lightweight pumice concretes by the curing temperature rise and the negative effects of CEM II 32.5 on the strength values were the other striking results of the tests.
Keywords
Self-Compacting Lightweight Concrete, Atmospheric Steam Curing, Pumice, Perlite, Compressive Strength
To cite this article
Abdulkadir Cüneyt Aydın, Muhammed Said Gül, Ali Öz, Rıza Polat, Türkay Kotan, Murat Kurt, The Effect of Cement Type and the Atmospheric Steam Curing Cycles on the Properties of Variable Types of Self-Compacting Lightweight Concrete, Journal of Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering. Vol. 3, No. 2, 2018, pp. 39-46. doi: 10.11648/j.jccee.20180302.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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