Stakeholder Participation in Project Initiation: A Foundation to Completion of Urban Road Transport Infrastructure Projects, Kenya
Journal of Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering
Volume 5, Issue 1, February 2020, Pages: 11-19
Received: Nov. 9, 2019; Accepted: Dec. 7, 2019; Published: Mar. 24, 2020
Views 145      Downloads 114
Johnson Matu, Project Planning and Management, University of Nairobi, Nairobi, Kenya
Dorothy Ndunge Kyalo, School of Open and Distance Learning, University of Nairobi, Nairobi, Kenya
John Mbugua, School of Open and Distance Learning, University of Nairobi, Nairobi, Kenya
Angeline Sabina Mulwa, School of Open and Distance Learning, University of Nairobi, Nairobi, Kenya
Article Tools
Follow on us
Cost overrun and delays are major impediments to project completion in road construction industry globally. Stakeholder participation in construction cycle could present a solution to these challenges. The purpose of this study was therefore, to examine the influence of stakeholder participation in project initiation on completion of urban road transport infrastructure projects in Kenya. The unit of analysis was the road construction projects implemented by Kenya Urban Roads Authority (KURA). Pragmatic research paradigm was chosen for this study to facilitate mixed research methods. The study adopted descriptive survey and correlational research designs. The target population was 1593 and the sample size was 309 respondents. Purposive and simple random sampling procedures were utilized. A five-point Likert type scale questionnaire was used to collect quantitative data while interview guides were used to collect qualitative data. The study then applied both descriptive and inferential statistics for the data analysis. The study found that participation in project initiation had a positive and significant influence on the completion of urban road transport infrastructure projects in Kenya (r=0. 859, R2=0. 737, F (1, 212)=594.869, p<0.001<0.05). The study established that there was a positive influence of participation in project initiation on completion of urban road transport infrastructure projects in Kenya. The study recommends formulation of a policy framework to sensitize stakeholders on their participation in project initiation, project design and project construction to enhance effective project implementation and completion. The study recommends hiring of competent and experienced project managers to ensure effective implementation of urban road transport infrastructure.
Stakeholder Participation, Stakeholder Engagement, Project Initiation, Urban Road Transport Infrastructure Projects
To cite this article
Johnson Matu, Dorothy Ndunge Kyalo, John Mbugua, Angeline Sabina Mulwa, Stakeholder Participation in Project Initiation: A Foundation to Completion of Urban Road Transport Infrastructure Projects, Kenya, Journal of Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering. Vol. 5, No. 1, 2020, pp. 11-19. doi: 10.11648/j.jccee.20200501.12
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Pheng L. S. (2018) Project Life Cycles, Stakeholders and Organizations. In: Project Management for the Built Environment. Management in the Built Environment. Springer, Singapore.
Tammer, M. (2009). Early stakeholder involvement in projects; Maturity Model for Construction Firms. Published in Institute for Business Engineering, Utrecht University of Applied Science, Faculty of Natural Sciences & Technology.
Ning Y. and Mao Y., (2011) "The risk monitoring of coal construction project based on system dynamics model," Proceedings of International Conference on Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management (ISCRAM), Harbin, Heilongjiang, 2011, pp. 330-334.
Lennon, B., Dunphy, N. P. & Sanvicente, E. Community acceptability and the energy transition: a citizens’ perspective. Energ Sustain Soc 9, 35 (2019).
Aapaoja A, Haapasalo H, Söderström P. (2013) Early Stakeholder Involvement in the Project Definition Phase: Case Renovation, ISRN Industrial Engineering, Volume 2013, Article ID 953915, 14 pages
Aziz R. F, Hafez S, H. (2013) Applying lean thinking in construction and performance improvement, Alexandria Engineering Journal, Volume 52, Issue 4, December 2013, Pages 679-695.
Chikati, J. (2009). Participatory Project Identification and Planning, A Regional Partnership for Resource Development publication. Nairobi: Signal Press Ltd.
PMI & PMBOK. (2013). A Guide to Project Management Body of Knowledge, 5th Ed. Newtown Square: Project Management Institute.
Petersen, K. J., Handfield, R. B., & Ragatz, G. L. (2003). A model of supplier integration into new product development. Journal of Product Innovation Management, 20 (4), 284-299.
Amadi, J. O. (2017). The Role of Planning on Performance of Community Projects in Kenya. Developing Country Studies, 7 (1), 1-7.
Menoka, B (2014) Stakeholder Engagement and Sustainability-Related Project Performance in Construction. Doctoral thesis, Liverpool John Moores University.
Freeman, R. E. (1984). Strategic Management: A Stakeholder Approach. Boston: Pitman Press, Boston, Ma p 46.
Harrison, Jeffrey S., Douglas A. Bosse, and Robert A. Phillips.(2012) "Managing for Stakeholders, Stakeholder Utility Functions, andCompetitive Advantage." In New Directions in Business Ethics, edited by Andrew Crane and Dirk Matten, 149-74. Vol. IV. Los Angeles: SAGE, 2012.
Freeman, R. E., Harrison, J., Wicks, A., Parmar, B. and de Colle, S. (2010). Stakeholder theory: The state of the art, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Nyandika, O. F & Ngugi, K. (2014). Influence of Stakeholders' Participation on Performance of Road Projects at Kenya National Highways Authority. European Journal of Business Management, 1 (11), 384-404.
Barasa, F. & Jelagat, T. (2013). Community Participation in Project design, Management and Implementation: Building the Foundation for Sustainable Development. International Journal of Current Research, 5 (2), 398-401.
Abdalla, A. & Otieno, M. (2017). Determinants of Implementation of County Government Projects: A Case of Infrastructural Projects Inkilifi County, Kenya. International Journal of Latest Research in Engineering and Technology, 3 (9), 108-118.
Li, H. Y., Zhang, X. L., Ng, S. T & Skitmore, M. (2017) Quantifying stakeholder influence in decision/evaluations relating to sustainable construction in China – A Delphi approach. J Cleaner Prod. doi: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2017.04.151.
Lindborg, H. J. (2013). “Stake Your Ground: Unearthing the origins of stakeholder management”. Quality Progress, 2 (1), 1-3.
Oliveira, G. F. & Rabechini Jr, R. (2019). Stakeholder management influence on trust in a project: A quantitative study. International Journal of Project Management, 37 (1), 131-144.
Patrick. X. W. Zou & Guomin Zhang (2009) Managing Risks in Construction Projects: Life Cycle and Stakeholder Perspectives, International Journal of Construction Management, 9: 1, 61-77, DOI: 10.1080/15623599.2009.10773122.
Abowitz, D. & Toole, T. (2010). Mixed method research: fundamental issues of design, validity, and reliability in construction research. Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, 136 (1), 108-116.
Hassan A I (2012). Influence of stakeholder’s role on performance of constituency development fund projects a case of Isiolo North Constituency, Kenya. Unpublished Masters in project design and management, University of Nairobi.
Mulwa, F. W. (2006). Participatory monitoring and evaluation of community projects. Community Based Project Monitoring, Qualitative Impact Assessment and People Friendly Evaluation Methods. Eldoret: Zapf Chancery and P. Olivex Publishers.
Maddaloni F, D. and Davis, K. (2017) The influence of local community stakeholders in megaprojects: Rethinking their inclusiveness to improve project performance. Volume 35, Issue 8, November 2017, Pages 1537-1556
Paton, S. & Andrew, B. (2019). The role of the Project Management Office (PMO) in product lifecycle management: A case study in the defence industry. International Journal of Production Economics, 208 (2), 43-52.
Caldwel, M., & Usadolo, S. (2016). A Stakeholder Approach to Community Participation in a Rural Development Project. An article distributed by the Creative Commons Attribution.
Inuwa, I. I., Saiva, D., Alkizim, A. (2014). Investigating Nigerian indigenous planning in Construction Procurement: An Explanatory Approach. International Journal of Civil & Environmental Engineering, 14 (4), 16–25.
Etemire, U. & Muzan, M. A. (2017) Governance and regulatory strategies beyond the state: stakeholder participation and the ecological restoration of Ogoniland, Griffith Law Review, 26: 2, 275-298, DOI: 10.1080/10383441.2017.1366253.
Kamanga, M. J, & Steyn, W. (2013). Causes of delays in road construction projects. The Journal of South African Institution of Civil Engineering. 55 (3), 79–85.
Goodrum, P M, Wan, Y & Fenouil, P. C. (2009). A decision making system for accelerating roadway construction. Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management, 16 (2), 116–134.
Menoka, B, David, B., Damian, F., & Edward, O. (2013). Stakeholder Engagement: Achieving Sustainability in the Construction Sector. Sustainability 2013, 6, 695710; doi: 10.3390/su5020695.
Madeeha, S. & Naqvi, I. H. (2014). Impact of Internal Stakeholder’s Engagement on Project portfolio Management Success, IT Industry in Lahore, Pakistan. Sci. Int. (Lahore), 26 (4), 1777-1782.
Sarantakos, S. (2013). Social Research. (4th Ed.). Melbourne: MacMillan Educational.
Yamane, T. (1967). Statistics: An introductory analysis. New York: Harper & Row.
Kithinji, S. K. (2017). Influence of Project Conception on the Completion of Government Road Infrastructure Projects In Kenya, A Case of Meru County. Doctoral Dissertation, Nairobi University.
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186