A Review on Problems of the Public Building Maintenance Works with Special Reference to Nepal
The study was conducted during the period from the month of March to April 2020. Published literatures such as thesis, paper, manuals, reports, and database were collected from different sources and studied thoroughly. The conclusions were drawn on the basis of the studied materials. The study found that the public buildings of any nation are too valuable assets and maintaining them at regular functional state is becoming challenging job for developing countries like Nepal. The most significant building maintenance problems are: plumbing and w/s, toilet, bathroom and sanitary, electrical problems, poor maintenance management and practices, peeling of paint, dampness, surface cracking, growth of fungi or small plants and decay or breaking of floor/tile. Decay, deterioration and failure of the fabric and finishing of a building due to negligence of maintenance have harmful effects on the contents and occupants. Causes of maintenance problems can be grouped as managerial, technical, building user related and natural causes. There are major causes such as design defects, inadequate contractor and construction supervision, use of low quality materials and workmanship, unavailability of qualified human resources and quality materials, poor maintenance management, insufficient maintenance fund but high and unexpected cost, age of building, natural disaster and earth settlement and so on. Lack of proper maintenance department, programs, plan and policy are the critical issues of improvement by public institutions. Patent and latent defects in buildings are serious issues and failure to address them would contribute to additional rectification cost, hamper the smooth operation of the building and reduce its service life. Buildings and facilities that are not properly maintained can cause discomfort and lead to accidents and injury to the users. The study would like to suggest that the handling of maintenance problems should be minimized by identifying the root causes and applying the effective and efficient maintenance management program. Precaution should be applied at design and construction stage ensuring quality construction and delivery with all building documents. Furthermore, each public institution should formulate maintenance objectives, apply suitable strategy, manage adequate resources, develop maintenance action plan, periodic review of performance and strategy at service stage.
Ram Chandra Dahal,
Khet Raj Dahal,
A Review on Problems of the Public Building Maintenance Works with Special Reference to Nepal, American Journal of Construction and Building Materials.
Vol. 4, No. 2,
2020, pp. 39-50.
Peter Brown & Mike Sodalini (2005), Article; Evolution of maintenance. © 2005-2020 Lifetime Reliability Solutions, World Class Reliability. Retrieved from http://www.lifetime-reliability.com/freearticles/maintenance_management/Evolution_of_Maintenance_Practices.pdf.
Crespo Márquez, Adolfo (2007), The Maintenance Management Framework, Models and Methods for Complex Systems Maintenance, © Springer.
Olanrewaju A. (2010), Case for alternative approach to building maintenance management of public universities. Journal of Building Appraisal 5: 201–212.
Lateef O. A. A, Khamidi M. F, Idrus A. (2011); Behavior Issues in Maintenance of University Buildings; Journal of Retail & Leisure Property (2011) 9, 415–4 28. doi: 10.1057/rlp.2011.5.
Bastidas Pedro (1998); MAINTENANCE MANUAL FOR SCHOOL BUILDINGS IN THE CARIBBEAN; Report presented for USAID-OAS Caribbean Disaster Mitigation Project on March 1998.
Ahmad Suffian (2013); Some Common Maintenance Problems and Building Defects: Our Experiences; Article presented in The 2nd International Conference on Rehabilitation and Maintenance in Civil Engineering, Social Security Organization (SOCSO), Malaysia.
Latief, Yusuf & Machfudiyanto, Rossy Armyn & Soepandji, Budi & Khairina, & Aldesty, Riany. (2018). The development of quality management systems in maintenance and monitoring the process of risk-based repair work in government buildings. MATEC Web of Conferences. 195. 06005. 10.1051/matecconf/201819506005.
Mohd Nasrun Mohd Nawi, Faizal Baharum, Siti Halipah Ibrahim and Salman Riazi Mehdi Riazi (2017) A Review Study of Maintenance and Management Issues in Malaysian Commercial Building towards Sustainable Future Practice.
Hani Muftah (2010); Faulty Design and Construction Factors In Building Maintenance Master Thesis (Johor: Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia).
Ogunmakinde, O. E., Akinola, A. A., and Siyanbola, A. B. (2013) ‘Analysis of the factors affecting building maintenance in government residential estates in Akure, Ondo State, Nigeria’, Journal of Environmental Sciences and Resources Management, Vol. 5 No. 2, pp. 89-103.
Dictionary of Military and Associated Terms, US Department of Defense, 2005.
Mydin, M. A. (2015) ‘Implementation of Effective Maintenance Management in Building Works’, Journal of Industrial Engineering Research, Vol. 1 No. 4, pp. 17-22.
Shao, Allan. T (1999), Marketing Research: An Aid to Decision Making (www.sbaer.uca.edn).
Seeley, I. H. (1987); Building Maintenance’. The Macmillan Press. London, U.K.
Lee, R. D. (1987) Building Maintenance Management, Oxford, U.K.
A. Mills, P. E. D. Love and P. Williams,(2009). “Defects cost in residential construction,” Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, vol. 135, Jan. 2009, pp. 12-16, doi: 10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9364(2009)135: 1 (12).
B. Rhodes and JJ Smallwood, (2002). “Defects and rework in South African construction projects,” Proc. Construction and Building Research Conference (COBRA 2002), RICS, Dept. 2002, pp. 1-15, ISBN 1-84233-074-8.
Haryati Mohd Isa (2011). Learning from Defects in Design and Build Hospital Projects in Malaysia. International Conference on Social Science and Humanity IPEDR vol. 5 (2011) © (2011) IACSIT Press, Singapore.
P. Bhargava Reddy, B. S. S. Ratnamala Reddy and SS. Asadi (2018), Evaluation of Maintenance Management in Construction to Reduce the Maintenance Cost, International Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Technology 9 (3), 2018. pp. 367–374. http://www.iaeme.com/IJMET/issues.asp?JType=IJMET&VType=9&IType=3.
Ayman Alshehri, Ibrahim Motawa & Stephen Ogunlana (2015); The Common Problems Facing the Building Maintenance Departments, International Journal of Innovation, Management and Technology, Vol. 6, No. 3, June 2015, Retrieved from http://www.ijimt.org/vol6/608-W3006.pdf.
Arif Awol, Dr. Ing. Tamene Adugna, Alemu Mosisa, (2016). Assessment on causes of defect and the maintenance management practices on low cost building; (A case study of Jimma Town Condominium). International Journal of Engineering and Technical Research (IJETR) ISSN: 2321-0869 (O) 2454-4698 (P), Volume-5, Issue-3, July 2016.
Alves Tenório de Morais, G. and Casado Lordsleem Júnior, A. (2019), "Building maintenance management activities in a public institution", Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management, Vol. 26 No. 1, pp. 85-103. https://doi.org/10.1108/ECAM-01-2018-0024.
Elhag T and Boussabaine, Afranie (1999). Evaluation of Construction Costs and Time Attributes”. Proceedings of the 15 th ARCOM Conference. Vol. 2, 2, 473-480, (pp. 15-21). Liverpool John Moores University.
Jo Harris, Allan Wilson and Salim Dermanchi, (2011), Building Manual and Building User Guide, © BSRIA BG 26/2011, Retrieved from www.bsria.co.uk.
California Civil Code 896.
Mohd Norazam Yasin et al (2017); The most common problem facing by the maintenance department: A case Study between Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia (UTHM) and Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM); IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, Volume 271-012047, conference 1, Retrieve from https://doi.org/10.1088/1757-899X/271/1/012047.
Cobbinah, P. J., (2010). Maintenance of building of public institutions in Ghana. Case study of selected institutions in the Ashanti region of Ghana. Unpublished master’s thesis, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi.
Idrus, A., Khamidi. M. F., & Abdul Lateef, O. A. (2009). Value based maintenance management model for university buildings in Malaysia-a critical review. Journal of Sustainable Development, 2 (3), 127-133. Retrieved from http://www.ccsenet.org/journal/index.php/jsd/article/view/4246/3696 retrieved from http://eprints.uthm.edu.my/3497/1/MGT086.pdf.
Sui Pheng Low (2001). Improving maintenance and reducing building defects through ISO 9000. Journal of Quality in Maintenance Engineering. 2001 Mar 1; 7 (1): 6-24.
Zawawi EM (2009). Personnel characteristics of maintenance practice: a case of high-rise office buildings in Malaysia. Journal of Sustainable Development. 2009 Feb 18; 2 (1): 111.
Okuntade, Tope. (2014). Effects Of Faulty Construction On Building Maintenance. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF TECHNOLOGY ENHANCEMENTS AND EMERGING ENGINEERING RESEARCH. 2. 73-79.
Abdul Hakim bin Mohammed, (2002), Teknologi Penyenggaraan Bangunan, Selangor.
Pambo Fernandez, (1999), S. Factors influencing salt-induced weathering of building sandstone, Phd Diss. The Robert Gardon University.
Ahzahar, N. & Karim, N. A. & Hassan, Siti & Eman, J. (2011). A Study of Contribution Factors to Building Failures and Defects in Construction Industry. Procedia Engineering. 20. 249-255. 10.1016/j.proeng.2011.11.162.
Talib, R., Ahmad, A., Zakaria, N., and Sulieman, M. (2014) ‘Assessment of Factors Affecting Building Maintenance and Defects of Public Buildings in Penang, Malaysia’, Architecture Research, Vol. 4 No. 2, pp. 48-53.
Baba, W. and Buba, V. (2013) ‘Evaluation of Factors Affecting Residential Building Maintenance in Nigeria: Users' Perspective’, Civil and Environmental Research, Vol. 3 No. 8, pp. 2224-5790.
Olayinka, A. and Owolabi, O. (2015) ‘Evaluation of the factors affecting housing maintenance and its probable solutions’, International Journal of Latest Research in Engineering and Technology, Vol. 1 No. 4, pp. 59-64.
Olanrewaju, S. and Anifowose, O. (2015) ‘The challenges of building maintenance in nigeria: (A case study of Ekiti State)’, European Journal of Educational and Development Psychology, Vol. 3 No. 2, pp. 30-39.
El-Haram, M. and Horner, M. (2002) ‘Factors affecting housing maintenance cost’, Journal of Quality in Maintenance Engineering, Vol. 8 No. 2, pp. 115-123.
Ali, A. S., Kamaruzzaman, S. N., Sulaiman, R., and Peng, Y. (2010) ‘Factors affecting housing maintenance cost in Malaysia’, Journal of Facilities Management, Vol. 8 No. 4, pp. 285-298.
Neha Bagdiya, Shruti Wadalkar, (2015), Defects and Post-Construction Defects Effect in Residential Building, INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING RESEARCH & TECHNOLOGY (IJERT) Volume 04, Issue 02 (February 2015), http://dx.doi.org/10.17577/IJERTV4IS020932.
Dr. J. C. Okafor and Dr. I. A. Akeredolu (2017). COURSE GUIDE. HCM 234: FACILITY MAINTENANCE MANAGEMENT, School of Management Sciences, National Open University of Nigeria. Retrieved from https://nou.edu.ng/sites/default/files/2017-03/HCM%20234%20FACILITY%20MAI.
Zulkarnain, S. H., Zawawi. E. M. A., Rahman, M. Y. A., & Mustafa, N. K. F., (2011). A review of critical success factor in building maintenance management practice for university sector. World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology, 5, 187-191. Retrieved from http://waset.org/publications/14040/a-review-of-critical-success-factor-in-building maintenance-management-practice-for-university-sector.
Al-Khatam, J. A. (2003). Building maintenance cost. Unpublished master dissertation. King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia.
Fakhrudin, I., Suleiman, M., and Talib, R. (2011) ‘The need to implement Malaysia's Building and Common Property Act 2007 (Act 663) in building maintenance management’, Journal of Facilities Management, Vol. 9 No. 3, pp. 170–180.
Enshassi, A., El Shorafa, F., and Alkilani, S. (2015) ‘Assessment of Operational Maintenance in Public Hospitals Buildings in the Gaza Strip’, International Journal of Sustainable Construction Engineering & Technology, Vol. 6 No. 1, pp. 29-43.
Nur Afifah Sanusi (2019), A STUDY ON THE BUILDING MAINTENANCE PRACTICES IN STUDENTS’ HOSTELS AT PUBLIC UNIVERSITIES, Journal of social science and humanities, University of Malaysia, Vol. 16. No. 3 (1-17), ISSN: 1823-884x Retrieved from http://ejournal.ukm.my/ebangi/article/view/31409.
Ismail, Z., & Kasim, N. (2013, December). Maintenance management practices for building maintenance: Case studies. Paper presented at the 2nd International Conference on Technology Management, Business and Entrepreneurship Mahkota, Hotel Melaka Malaysia. Retrieved from http://eprints.uthm.edu.my/5126/1/Maintenance_Management_Practices_for _Building.
Rahman, M. A. A. (2007). A study on the building maintenance management–case study: Mahallah Uthman Ibn Affan (IIUM male student residential college). Degree dissertation. International Islamic University Malaysia, Gombak.
Lee, H. H. L., & Scott, D. (2008). Overview of maintenance strategy, acceptable maintenance standard and resources from a building maintenance operation perspective, 4 (4), 269-278. Retrieved from http://www.palgrave-journals.com/jba/journal/v4/n4/pdf/jba200846a.pdf.
NSW Heritage Office. (2004). Preparing a maintenance plan. Retrieved from https://www.environment.nsw.gov.au/resources/heritagebranch/heritage/maintenance11pre paringplan.pdf.
Barrie Chanter & Peter Swallow (2007); Building Maintenance Management Second Edition (Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishing Ltd).
Oliveira, M., Lopes, I., Iaeng, M., and Figueiredo, D. (2014) ‘Maintenance Management Practices of Companies of the Industrial Pole of Manaus’ Proceedings of the World Congress on Engineering and Computer Science, Lecture Notes in Engineering and Computer Science, Vol. 2214 No. 1, pp. 1016-1022.
Au-Yong, C. P., Ali, A. S. and Ahmad, F. (2014) Preventive Maintenance Characteristics towards Optimal Maintenance Performance: A Case Study of Office Buildings. World Journal of Engineering and Technology, 2, 1-6. http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/wjet.2014.23B001.
Ir. Abdul A. Abas (2010), Building Maintenance; civil and structural engineering approach, A report presented to University Technology Mara.
Husaini, A. and Tabassi, A. (2014) ‘Performance Assessment of Maintenance Practices in Government Office Buildings: Case Study of Parcel E, Putrajaya’, MATEC Web of Conferences, pp. 10: 1-7.
Waziri, Baba Shehu. (2016). Design and Construction Defects Influencing Residential Building Maintenance in Nigeria. Jordan Journal of Civil Engineering. 10. 313-323. 10.14525/JJCE.10.3.3605.