Survey of Digital Video Watermarking Techniques and Its Applications
Engineering Science
Volume 1, Issue 1, December 2016, Pages: 22-27
Received: Oct. 30, 2016; Accepted: Dec. 22, 2016; Published: Jan. 16, 2017
Views 3992      Downloads 207
Ponni (a) Sathya Sethuraman, Department of Information Technology, Dr. Mahalingam College of Engineering & Technology, Pollachi, Tamilnadu, India
Ramakrishnan Srinivasan, Department of Information Technology, Dr. Mahalingam College of Engineering & Technology, Pollachi, Tamilnadu, India
Article Tools
Follow on us
Due to the rapid development of the internet, the usages of multimedia data like audio, image and video become very popular. Transmission of digital contents is an easy task but maintaining the ownership is a difficult one, for this various techniques has been proposed. One of the main techniques to protect the copyright is digital watermarking. The concept of digital watermarking has been derived from steganography. In video watermarking is used to provide authentication for the video content. The various video watermarking techniques have been developed, but those techniques are withstand only basic attacks not resistant to video processing attacks like frame dropping, frame swapping and average and addition of noise etc. In this paper reviewed several methodologies developed by various authors and also discussed their relative merits and demerits.
Video, Watermarking, Authentication
To cite this article
Ponni (a) Sathya Sethuraman, Ramakrishnan Srinivasan, Survey of Digital Video Watermarking Techniques and Its Applications, Engineering Science. Vol. 1, No. 1, 2016, pp. 22-27. doi: 10.11648/
Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Min-Jeong Lee a, Dong-Hyuck Im a, Hae-Yeoun Lee b, Kyung-Su Kim a, 1, Heung-Kyu Lee, Real-time video watermarking system on the compressed domain for high-definition video contents: Practical issues, Digital Signal Processing 22 (2012) 190–198.
He Yingliang, Yang Gaobo∗, Zhu Ningbo, A real-time dual watermarking algorithm of H. 264/AVC video stream for Video-on-Demand service, International Journal of Electronics and Communications (AEÜ) 66 (2012) 305–312.
Masataka EJIMA & Akiyo MIYAZAKIA” Wavelet based watermarking for digital images and Video” IEICE Trans. Fundamentals, VOL. E83-A, NO. 3, March 2000.
Da-Wen X. A blind video watermarking algorithm based on 3D wavelet transform. International conference on computational intelligence and security. 2007. p. 945–9.
Sadik. A. M, Robust Video Watermarking Based On 3D-DWT Domain, Al-Taweel School of Computer Sciences University Sains Malaysia 11800, Penang, 2009.
Chetan K. R & Raghavendra K. DWT Based Blind Digital Video Watermarking Scheme for Video Authentication 2010, International Journal of Computer Applications (0975–8887)Volume 4–No. 10, August 2010.
C. Cruz-Ramos, R. Reyes-Reyes, M. Nakano-Miyatake & H. Perez- Meana ”A Blind Video Watermarking Scheme Robust To Frame Attacks Combined With MPEG2 Compression” Journal of Applied Research and Technology, December 2010.
Radu O. Preda & Dragos N. Vizireanu, A robust digital watermarking scheme for video copyright protection in the wavelet domain, Journal of Electronic Imaging 20 (1), 013022 (Jan–Mar 2011).
Ray-Shine Run, Shi-Jinn Horng, Wei-Hung Lin, Tzong-Wann Kao, Pingzhi Fan & Muhammad Khurram Khan, An efficient wavelet-tree-based watermarking method, Int. Jour on Expert Systems with Applications 38 (2011) 14357–14366.
Osama S. Faragallah, Efficient Video Watermarking based on singular value decomposition in the discrete wavelet transform domain, International Journal of Electronics and Communications (Elsevier) 2012; AEUE-50941.
Alam Naved1 & Yadav Rajesh, Dual Band Watermarking using 2-D DWT and 2-Level SVD for Robust Watermarking In Video, International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR), India Online ISSN: 2319-7064, September 2013.
Divjot Kaur Thind & Sonika Jindal, A Semi Blind DWT-SVD Video Watermarking Procedia Computer Science 46 (2015) 1661–1667, Elsevier.
Lama Rajab, Tahani Al-Khatib & Ali Al-Haj, A Blind DWT-SCHUR Based Digital Video Watermarking Technique, Journal of Software Engineering and Applications, 8, 224-233., 2015.
Ramalingam A, Krishnan S. Robust image watermarking using a chirp detection-based technique. IEE Vis Image Signal Process 2005; 152 (6): 771–8.
Niu K, Yang X, Xiang L. Hybrid quasi-3D DWT/DCT and SVD video watermarking. In: Proceedings of ICSESS. 2010. p. 588–91.
Deguillaume F, Csurka G, ÒRuanaidh J, Pun T. Robust 3D-DFT video watermarking. In: Proceedings of security watermarking multi content. 1999. p. 113–24.
Anqiang L, Jing L. A novel scheme for robust video watermark in the 3D-DWT domain, First international symposium on data, privacy and e-commerce. 2007.
Khalilian H, Ghaemmaghami S, Omidyeganeh M. Digital video watermarking in 3D ridgelet domain, 11th international conference on advanced communication technology, ICACT 2009, vol. 3. 2009. p. 1643–6.
Ejima M, Miyazaki A. A wavelet-based watermarking for digital images and video. In: Proceedings of ICIP. 2000. p. 678–81.
J. Lee et al, A survey of watermarking techniques applied to multimedia, IEEE International Symposium on Industrial Electronics, Vol. 1, pp. 272-277, 2001.
F. Petitcolas (Eds) “Information hiding techniques for steganography and digital watermarking Stefan Katzenbeisser,” Artech House Books, Dec. 1999.
CHAN Pik-Wah, Techniques for Secure Multimedia Creation and Delivery, Thesis, 2005.
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186