Predicting Campylobacter Transport Influenced by Permeability and Void Ratio in Partial Heterogeneous Sand Gravel Formation, Sapelle, Delta State of Nigeria
Engineering Science
Volume 2, Issue 2, June 2017, Pages: 30-36
Received: Oct. 26, 2016; Accepted: Feb. 24, 2017; Published: Mar. 28, 2017
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Authors
Ezeilo F. E., Department of Civil Engineering, Rivers State University of Science and Technology, Nkpolu Oroworukwo, Port-Harcourt, Nigeria
Eluozo S. N., Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Subaka Nigeria Limited Port Harcourt, Port Harcourt, Nigeria
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Abstract
The study investigates the behaviour of Campylobacter in heterogeneous sand gravel formation. The rate of Campylobacter deposition was monitored in terms of its concentrations in sand gravel deposited formations. This study was found imperative because of high rate of concentration of Campylobacter at different heterogeneous strata. Such conditions were critically evaluated to determine the effect from heterogeneous deposition and migration. The developed model was generated through the derived governing equation, the simulation express slight fluctuation from theoretical values. At depth ranges of 3-39metres, 2-38metres, and 2-30metres, the concentration of Campylobacter ranges from 47.4-62.6 Mg/L, 32-62.5 Mg/L, and 1.34E-03-2.14E-02 respectively. The system generated several exponential migrating processes, but with different concentrations. The theoretical values were compared with experimental data for model validation and both parameters developed favourable fits. Hence heterogeneity of sand gravel deposition has generated various rates of concentrations reflecting on their migration processes. Experts will definitely apply this concept to observe various rates of Campylobacter concentrations in soil and water environment.
Keywords
Predictive Model, Void Ratio and Permeability, Campylobacter and Sand Gravel Formation
To cite this article
Ezeilo F. E., Eluozo S. N., Predicting Campylobacter Transport Influenced by Permeability and Void Ratio in Partial Heterogeneous Sand Gravel Formation, Sapelle, Delta State of Nigeria, Engineering Science. Vol. 2, No. 2, 2017, pp. 30-36. doi: 10.11648/j.es.20170202.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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