Combustion Characteristics of Diesel Combustion System Using Blended Diesel: An Experimental Study
American Journal of Mechanics and Applications
Volume 5, Issue 4, July 2017, Pages: 34-40
Received: Sep. 30, 2017; Accepted: Oct. 24, 2017; Published: Nov. 24, 2017
Views 750      Downloads 36
Brahma Nand Agrawal, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam Technical University, Lucknow, India
Shailendra Sinha, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Institute of Engineering & Technology, Lucknow, India
Article Tools
Follow on us
This paper deals with the experimental study of combustion characteristic of diesel blended with n-pentane and diethyl ether (DEE). The ignition delay Characteristic of diesel combustion system fuelled with n-Pentane and DEE blends with pure diesel is investigated. The experiment conducted at various pressures and temperatures of air inside the combustion chamber. An experimental set up was designed based on an optical method for the measurement of ignition delay. The result reveals that ignition delay of diesel fuel spray decreases with increases in the temperature and pressure of hot air. Results also show that the effect of methyl group being more dominant at low ignition temperatures whereas the alkyl groups are more effective at higher temperature. The temperature and pressure of hot air inside the combustion chamber are the main factors for ignition delay. Ignition delay of 10% and 20%, n-pentane blends is higher than pure diesel at low temperature while at high temperatures it is nearly equal to the pure diesel. However 30% and 40% n-pentane blends increased the ignition delay. Ignition delay of 10%, 20%, 30% and 40% blends of DEE is lower than pure diesel. DEE reduces the ignition delay of diesel fuel effectively at lower temperatures.
Diesel Combustion System, Blended Fuel, Combustion, Ignition Delay, Optical Method, Hot Air Temperature and Pressure
To cite this article
Brahma Nand Agrawal, Shailendra Sinha, Combustion Characteristics of Diesel Combustion System Using Blended Diesel: An Experimental Study, American Journal of Mechanics and Applications. Vol. 5, No. 4, 2017, pp. 34-40. doi: 10.11648/j.ajma.20170504.12
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
M. Nektaria, Experimental investigation of diesel ignition delay and soot formation in a high temperature pressure cell, Automot. Eng. Int. 110 (2002).
C. Hasimoglu, M. Ciniviz, I. Ozsert, Y. Icingur, A. Parlak, M. S. Salman, Performance characteristics of a low heat rejection diesel engine operating with biodiesel, Renew. Energy. 33 (2008) 1709–1715. doi:10.1016/j.renene.2007.08.002.
D. Agarwal, L. Kumar, A. Kumar, Performance evaluation of a vegetable oil fuelled compression ignition engine, Renew. Energy. 33 (2008) 1147–1156. doi:10.1016/j.renene.2007.06.017.
D. Agarwal, S. Sinha, A. Kumar, Experimental investigation of control of NO x emissions in biodiesel-fueled compression ignition engine, Renew. Energy. 31 (2006) 2356–2369. doi:10.1016/j.renene.2005.12.003.
D. N. Assanis, Z. S. Filipi, S. B. Fiveland, M. Syrimis, A Predictive Ignition Delay Correlation Under Steady-State and Transient Operation of a Direct Injection Diesel Engine, Trans. ASME. 125 (2017). doi:10.1115/1.1563238.
J. Chomaik, V. Goloyitchev, N. Nordin, Computer evaluation of di Diesel engine fueled with neat DEE, SAE Pap. 2000-01-2518. (2000).
J. Kim, J. Jang, K. Lee, Y. Lee, S. Oh, S. Lee, Combustion and emissions characteristics of Diesel and soybean biodiesel over wide ranges of intake pressure and oxygen concentration in a compression – ignition engine at a light-load condition, Fuel. 129 (2014) 11–19.
K. Vijayaraj, A. P. Sathiyagnanam, Combustion characteristics of a DI diesel engine fuelled with blends of methyl ester of cotton seed oil, Int. J. Ambient Energy. 750 (2016). doi:10.1080/01430750.2015.1023841.
L. Ü. Xingcai, H. Zhen, Z. Wugao, L. I. Degang, The influence of ethanol additives on the performance and combustion characteristics of diesel engines the influence of ethanol additives on the performance and combustion, Combust. Sci. Technol. ISSN. 2202 (2017). doi:10.1080/00102200490457510.
Y. Lee, K. Y. Huh, Numerical study on spray and combustion characteristics of diesel and soy-based biodiesel in a CI engine, Numer. Study Spray Combust. Charact. Diesel Soy-Based Biodiesel a CI Engine Youngjae. 113 (2013) 537–545.
N. R. Banapurmath, P. G. Tewaria, R. S. Hosmath, Performance and Emission Characteristics of a DI Compression Ignition Engine Operated on Honge, Neem and Sesame oil Methyl Esters., Renew. Energy. 33 (2008) 1982–1988.
T. Balamurugan, R. Nalini, Experimental investigation on the effect of alkanes blending on performance, combustion and emission characteristics of four-stroke diesel engine, Int. J. Ambient Energy. 750 (2016). doi:10.1080/01430750.2014.915887.
Y. D. Wang, An experimental investigation of the performance and gaseous exhaust emissions of a diesel engine using blends of a vegetable oil, Appl. Therm. 26 (2006) 1684–1691. doi:10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2005.11.013.
Y. Kim, J. Lim, K. Min, A study of the dimethyl ether spray characteristics and ignition delay, A Study Dimethyl Ether Spray Charact. Ignition Delay. 8 (2007) 337–346. doi:10.1243/14680874JER02105.
G. S. Jung, Y. H. Sung, B. C. Choi, M. T. Lim, Effects of mixture stratification on hcci combustion of dme in a rapid compression and expansion machine, Int. J. Automot. Technol. 10 (2009) 1–7. doi:10.1007/s12239.
S. Y. Im, D. S. Choi, J. I. Ryu, Combustion and emission characteristics of bd20 reformed by ultrasonic energy for different injection delay and egr rate in a diesel engine, Int. J. …. 10 (2009) 131–139. doi:10.1007/s12239.
Y. Tsutsumi, A. Iijima, K. Yoshida, H. Shoji, J. T. Lee, HCCI combustion characteristics during operation on DME and methane fuels, Int. J. Automot. Technol. 13 (2012) 293–300. doi:10.1007/s12239.
J. Kim, J. Jang, K. Lee, Y. Lee, S. Lee, S. OH, Experimental investigation of B20 combustion and emissions under various intake conditions for low-temperature combustion, Int. J. …. 13 (2012) 293–300. doi:10.1007/s12239.
L. Karikalan, M. Chandrasekaran, Influence of turpentine addition in jatropha biodiesel on ci engine performance, combustion and exhaust emissions, Int. J. …. 13 (2012) 293–300. doi:10.1007/s12239.
D. L. S. J. D. Naber, Effect of natural gas composition on ignition delay diesel condition, 25th international symposium on combustion, in: UC Irvine, Irvine CA July 31-Aug 5, 1994.
H. H. Wolfer, Ignition Lag in Diesel Engines, VDI-Forschungsheft 392, 1938; translated by Royal Aircraft Establishment, (1959) Farnborough Library No.358, UDC 621-436.047.
E. M. Sazhina, S. Sazhin, M. R. Heikal, C. J. Marboney, Shell auto ignition model: Application to gasoline and diesel fuel, Fuel. 78 (1999) 389–401.
Science Publishing Group
NEW YORK, NY 10018
Tel: (001)347-688-8931