Differential Cross Section Comparison Calculated from Kalbach and Iwmoto-Harada Models for Alpha Emission in Pre-equilibrium Region
American Journal of Physics and Applications
Volume 2, Issue 2, March 2014, Pages: 52-55
Received: Jan. 5, 2014;
Published: Mar. 20, 2014
Views 3240 Downloads 142
Shafik Shaker Shafik, Department of Physics, Baghdad University, Baghdad, Iraq
Gaith Naima Flaiah, Department of Physics, Baghdad University, Baghdad, Iraq
Akram Mohammed Ali, Department of Physics, Anbar University, Anbar, Iraq
α-cluster cross section production by proton/neutron induced reactions was calculated at different energies using Kalbach PRECO6 program and an analysis in the framework of pre-equilibrium exciton model made with Iwamoto-Harada [IH] model depend on pickup mechanism. Comparison with our calculation give remarkable agreement with experimental data. The cross section have been estimated for the targets 54Fe, 63Cu, 120Sn with different energies.
Shafik Shaker Shafik,
Gaith Naima Flaiah,
Akram Mohammed Ali,
Differential Cross Section Comparison Calculated from Kalbach and Iwmoto-Harada Models for Alpha Emission in Pre-equilibrium Region, American Journal of Physics and Applications.
Vol. 2, No. 2,
2014, pp. 52-55.
J.J.,Griffin, "Statistical Model of Intermediate Structure" Phys. Rev. Lett. 17, 478, 1966.
C.K.,Cline and M.,Blann,"The pre-equilibrium statistical model: Description of the nuclear equilibration process and parameterization of the model", Nucl. Phys. A172,pp. 225–259, September 1971.
E. Betak,"Statistical Model of Intermediate Structure" EPJ web of conferences 21,09004, 2012.
I. Ribansky and P. Oblozinsky," Emission of complex particles in the exciton model", Phys. Lett. B45,pp.318-320, August 1973.
Milazzo-Colli, L. and Braga-Marcazzan, G.M.," Pre-equilibrium emission in n, p and n, α reactions on CsI" Phys. Lett. B 36,pp.447-450,October 1971. Milazzo-Colli, L.,Braga-Marcazzan,G.M.," α-Emission by pre-equilibrium processes in (n,α) reactions", Nucl. Phys. A 210,pp. 297-306, August 1973.
C.K.,Cline," Extensions to the pre-equilibrium statistical model and a study of complex particle emission Nucl. Phys. A 193, pp.417-437, October 1972.
M. B. Chadwick, P. Oblozinsky, M. Herman, N. M. Greene, R. D. McKnight and D. L. Smith, P. G. Young, R. E. MacFarlane, G. M. Hale, S. C. Frankle and A. C. Kahler, T. Kawano, R. C. Little, D. G. Madland, P. Moller, R. D. Mosteller, P. R. Page, P. Talou, H. Trellue, M. C. White, W. B. Wilson and R. Arcilla, C. L. Dunford, S. F. Mughabghab, B. Pritychenko, D. Rochman, A. A. Sonzogni, C. R. Lubitz, T. H. Trumbull, J. P. Weinman, D. A. Brown, D. E. Cullen, D. P. Heinrichs, D. P. McNabb, H. Derrien, M. E. Dunn, N. M. Larson, L. C. Leal, A. D. Carlson, R. C. Block, J. B. Briggs, E. T. Cheng, H. C. Huria, M. L. Zerkle, K. S. Kozier, A. Courcelle, V. Pronyaev and S. C. van der Marck," ENDF/B-VII.0: Next Generation Evaluated Nuclear Data Library for Nuclear Science and Technology", Nucl. Data Sheets, vol.107,no. 12, pp.2931-3060, 2006.
E.,Gadioli and P. E.,Hodgson, Pre-Equilibrium Nuclear Reactions, Oxford: Clarendon Press, March 1992,pp.
C.K.,Cline, "The Griffin model, complex particles and direct nuclear reactions", Zeitschrift für Physik A Atoms and Nuclei, 283 , pp.401–411, 1977.
C.K.,Cline, "Pre-equilibrium reactions with complex particle channels",Phys. Rev. C 71, 034606, 2005.
C.K.,Cline, "Users Manual for PRECO-2006: Exciton Model Pre-equilibrium Nuclear Reaction Code with Direct Reactions", Triangle Universities Nuclear Laboratory report February 2007.
EXFOR/CSISRS, National Nuclear Data Center, http//www.nndc.bnl.gov/exfor/exfor00.htm.
A.,Iwamoto, K.,Harada, "Mechanism of cluster emission in nucleon-induced pre-equilibrium reactions", Phys. Rev. C 26(5), pp.1821-1835, 1982.
F.E., Bertrand and R.W., Peelle," Complete Hydrogen and Helium Particle Spectra from 30 to 60 MeV Proton Bombardment of Nuclei with A=12 to 209 and Comparison with the Intranuclear Cascade Model" Phys. Rev.C8, pp.1045-1064, 1973.
R.R., Borchers,"Charged-particle emission in reactions of 15-MeV neutrons with isotopes of chromium, iron, nickel, and copper", Phys. Rev. C19,pp. 2127-2137, 1979.
H, Liskien and A., Paulsen," Cross-sections for the reactions Cu63(n, α)Co60, Ni60(n, p)Co60, Ti46(n, p)Sc46 and Na23(n, 2n)Na22",Nucl.Phys.63, pp.393-400, March 1965.
M. Avrigeanu, A.C. Obreja, F.L. Roman, V. Avrigeanu, W. von Oertzen, At. Data Nucl. Data Tables 95, 501 ,2009.
M. Avrigeanu, V. Avrigeanu," α-particle optical potential tests below the Coulomb barrier Phys. Rev. C 79, 027601, 2009.
A.J. Koning, M.C. Duijvestijn,"A glob pre-equilibrium analysis from 7 to 200 MeV based on the optical model potential", Nucl. Phys. A744, pp.15-76, November 2004.
Z. Lewandowski, E. Loeer, R. Wagner, H.H. Mueller, W. Reichart, P. Schober, E. Gadioli, E. Gadioli Erba,"Proton-induced α- and Τ-emission at 72 MeV" Lettere al Nuovo Cimento,vol 28, pp.15-20, 1980.