Gamma Ray Irradiation Effects on the Mechanical and Chemical Properties of CuO–Bi2O3–SiO2 Glasses
American Journal of Physics and Applications
Volume 4, Issue 6, November 2016, Pages: 140-144
Received: Oct. 31, 2016; Accepted: Dec. 1, 2016; Published: Dec. 17, 2016
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Author
H. A. Saudi, Department of Physics, Faculty of Science (Girls' Branch), Al-Azhar University, Nasr City, Egypt
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Abstract
The effect of gamma radiation on the mechanical and chemical properties of x CuO, (70-x) Bi2O3, 20SiO2,10 Na2O, where 0 ≤ x ≤ 30 weight % were carefully studied in order to obtain information about the changes that appear in the structure of the glass matrix with the doping of copper ions. The glass matrix was fabricated by melt-quenching technique. The results showed that, the glass system has good durability, density and mechanical properties with increasing CuO content at the expense of Bi2O3, and that the effect of irradiation with gamma dose is very small. UV-VIS absorption spectra for all glasses have a single asymmetric band, which corresponds to a BiO3→BiO6 transition of the Cu2+ ions in octahedral symmetry with an elongated tetragonal distortion. These measurements indicate the presence of Cu2+ ions in the glasses. Furthermore, it has good water resistance ability with increasing copper oxide. So, it can be used as a container for keeping radioactive waste and radioactive sources.
Keywords
Bismosilicate Glasses, Hardness, Durability
To cite this article
H. A. Saudi, Gamma Ray Irradiation Effects on the Mechanical and Chemical Properties of CuO–Bi2O3–SiO2 Glasses, American Journal of Physics and Applications. Vol. 4, No. 6, 2016, pp. 140-144. doi: 10.11648/j.ajpa.20160406.11
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Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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