Study on the Single-Lens Telescope and Its Imaging Parameters
American Journal of Physics and Applications
Volume 7, Issue 6, November 2019, Pages: 136-143
Received: Apr. 5, 2019; Accepted: Jun. 24, 2019; Published: Nov. 7, 2019
Views 546      Downloads 230
Kaixin Pan, Department of Biomedical Engineering, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, United States
Yiran Liu, Department of Physics, Nanjing Foreign Language School, Nanjng, China
Zhimin Pan, Department of Physics, Beijing University, Beijing, China
Article Tools
Follow on us
From Galileo telescope designed in 1609 to the recent advanced astronomical telescope, telescopes always help people in coping with different problem. The relation between the parameters of telescope and its performance has been a hot topic for a long time. In this paper, we have designed a simple single-lens telescope based on the Problem No. 3 in International Young Physicist Tournament (IYPT2017) and have done the research related to the performance of our telescope. Here, we mainly focus on the magnification, the contrast and the brightness To demonstrate the performance of our single-lens telescope, According to the theories of geometric optics and physical optics, we have systematically explored the influences of aperture and focal length on the magnification of the telescope, the contrast and brightness of the images and so on, we have experimentally conducted quantitative studies by varying these parameters and elaborate analysis of data with software including MATLAB and Toup View. According to the data and numerical simulation we get in our experiment, we found that our experimental results are consistent with our theory so that a generic conclusion has been drawn. Besides, possible origination of errors in the studies has been discussed and an outlook has been proposed.
Pinhole Imaging, Single Lens Telescope, Magnification, Contrast, Sharpness, Brightness
To cite this article
Kaixin Pan, Yiran Liu, Zhimin Pan, Study on the Single-Lens Telescope and Its Imaging Parameters, American Journal of Physics and Applications. Vol. 7, No. 6, 2019, pp. 136-143. doi: 10.11648/j.ajpa.20190706.11
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Young M. Pinhole Optics [J]. Applied Optics, 1971, 10 (12): 2763-2767.
Young M. The pinhole camera: Imaging without lenses or mirrors [J]. Physics Teacher, 1989, 27 (27): 648-655.
Zhang Sanhui. University Physics. Thermotics, Optics and Quantum Physics [M]. Version 3 Beijing: Tsinghua University Press, 2009: 209-294.
Zhong Xihua Modern Fundamentals of Optics [M]. Beijing: Beijing University Press, 2012: 61-76.
Pan Zhimin, Jin Kaiwen, Pan Kaixin studies of the pinhole imaging [J]. physics and engineering, 2018, 28 (4).
D. J. Lovell, "Optical Peregrinations in The Netherlands," Appl. Opt. 6, 785-791 (1967).
Diffraction Theory of Electromagnetic Waves J. A. Stratton and L. J. Chu Phys. Rev. 56, 99 – Published 1 July 1939.
Reinhard W. Meier, "Magnification and Third-Order Aberrations in Holography," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 55, 987-992 (1965).
Wmo G E. Guide to meteorological instruments and methods of observation [J]. 1996.
Claudio Rivolta, "Airy disk diffraction pattern: comparison of some values of f/No. and obscuration ratio," Appl. Opt. 25, 2404-2408 (1986).
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186