European Journal of Preventive Medicine
Volume 2, Issue 6, November 2014, Pages: 99-104
Received: Oct. 8, 2014;
Accepted: Oct. 21, 2014;
Published: Nov. 20, 2014
Views 3486 Downloads 530
Shatabdi Goon, Nutrition and Food Engineering Department, Daffodil International University, Dhaka -1207, Bangladesh
Munmun Shabnam Bipasha, Department of Economics, Daffodil International University, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Md. Saiful Islam, Dietician, VLCC Health Care, Bangladesh
Fast food consumption leading to excess calorie intake coupled with lack of adequate physical activity has increased the risk of obesity among the world population for the past few decades. A cross-sectional study was carried out from March to April 2014 among four hundred twenty six students selected by the use of systematic random sampling attending in an established private university of Bangladesh. The objective of this study was evaluating fast food consumption and prevalence of obesity among university students. The overall prevalence of fast food consumption was 55.9 % and 44.1 % for males and females, respectively. Approximately 56% of university students went to fast food restaurants at least once per week and 44 % went regularly (≥2 times/wk). Status of obesity was found to be significantly associated with frequenting fast-food restaurants; students going two or more times per week were more likely to be obese (OR 2.2; 95% CI 1.3-3.9). Obesity was detected among 56.2 % of those students going two or more times per week in fast food restaurants showed significantly high prevalence (X2=7.82, p<0.05). This study provides evidence of increasing trend in obesity among university students consuming fast foods regularly. A combined initiative from family, universities, public health experts and government is much needed to tackle this public health problem.
Munmun Shabnam Bipasha,
Md. Saiful Islam,
Fast Food Consumption and Obesity Risk among University Students of Bangladesh, European Journal of Preventive Medicine.
Vol. 2, No. 6,
2014, pp. 99-104.
Maddock J. The relationship between obesity and the prevalence of fast food restaurants: state-level analysis. Am J Health Promot. 2004 Nov-Dec;19(2):137-43.
de Onis M, Blossner M, Borghi E: Global prevalence and trends of overweight and obesity among preschool children. Am J Clin Nutr 2010, 92:1257-1264.
McGinnis JM, Gootman JA, Kraak VI. Food Marketing to Children and Youth: Threat or Opportunity? Washington DC: National Academies Press; 2006
Maffeis C1, Tatò L. Long-term effects of childhood obesity on morbidity and mortality. Horm Res. 2001;55 Suppl 1:42-5.
Francis DK1, Van den Broeck J, Younger N, McFarlane S, Rudder K, Gordon-Strachan G,et_al. Fast-food and sweetened beverage consumption: association with overweight and high waist circumference in adolescents. Public Health Nutr. 2009 Aug;12(8):1106-14. doi: 10.1017/S1368980009004960. Epub 2009 Feb 26.
Singh AK, Maheshwari A, Sharma N, Anand K: Lifestyle associated risk factors in adolescents. Indian J Pediatr 2006, 73:901-906.
Garcia G1, Sunil TS, Hinojosa P.The fast food and obesity link: consumption patterns and severity of obesity. Obes Surg. 2012 May;22(5):810-8. doi: 10.1007/s11695-012-0601-8.
U.S. Department of Agriculture, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Dietary guidelines for Americans, 2010. 7th ed. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office. 2010.
R W Jeffery and S A French. Epidemic obesity in the United States: are fast foods and television viewing contributing? American Journal of Public Health. Feb 1998, 88(2):277-280.
Garcia G1, Sunil TS, Hinojosa P. The fast food and obesity link: consumption patterns and severity of obesity. Obes Surg. 2012 May;22(5):810-8. doi: 10.1007/s11695-012-0601-8.
Fraser LK1, Clarke GP, Cade JE, Edwards KL. Fast food and obesity: a spatial analysis in a large United Kingdom population of children aged 13-15. Am J Prev Med. 2012 May;42(5):e77-85. doi: 10.1016/j.amepre.2012.02.007.
Anderson B1, Rafferty AP, Lyon-Callo S, Fussman C, Imes G. Fast-food consumption and obesity among Michigan adults. Prev Chronic Dis. 2011 Jul;8(4):A71. Epub 2011 Jun 15.
Niemeier HM1, Raynor HA, Lloyd-Richardson EE, Rogers ML, Wing RR. Fast food consumption and breakfast skipping: predictors of weight gain from adolescence to adulthood in a nationally representative sample. J Adolesc Health. 2006 Dec;39(6):842-9. Epub 2006 Sep 27.
Schröder H1, Fïto M, Covas MI; REGICOR investigators. Association of fast food consumption with energy intake, diet quality, body mass index and the risk of obesity in a representative Mediterranean population. Br J Nutr. 2007 Dec;98(6):1274-80. Epub 2007 Jul 12.
Fraser LK1, Edwards KL, Cade JE, Clarke GP. Fast food and obesity: a spatial analysis in a large United Kingdom population of children aged 13-15. Am J Prev Med. 2012 May;42(5):e77-85. doi: 10.1016/j.amepre.2012.02.007.
Satia JA1, Galanko JA, Siega-Riz AM. Eating at fast-food restaurants is associated with dietary intake, demographic, psychosocial and behavioural factors among African Americans in North Carolina. Public Health Nutr. 2004 Dec;7(8):1089-96.
Fleischhacker SE1, Evenson KR, Rodriguez DA, Ammerman AS. A systematic review of fast food access studies. Obes Rev. 2011 May;12(5):e460-71. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-789X.2010.00715.x.
Bowman SA1, Vinyard BT. Fast food consumption of U.S. adults: impact on energy and nutrient intakes and overweight status. J Am Coll Nutr. 2004 Apr;23(2):163-8.
Ryan T. Hurt, MD, PhD, Christopher Kulisek, MD, Laura A. Buchanan, MD, and Stephen A. McClave. The Obesity Epidemic: Challenges, Health Initiatives, and Implications for Gastroenterologists. Gastroenterol Hepatol (N Y). Dec 2010; 6(12): 780–792.
Mendoza JA1, Drewnowski A, Cheadle A, Christakis DA. Dietary energy density is associated with selected predictors of obesity in U.S. Children. J Nutr. 2006 May;136(5):1318-22.
Bowman SA1, Gortmaker SL, Ebbeling CB, Pereira MA, Ludwig DS. Effects of fast-food consumption on energy intake and diet quality among children in a national household survey. Pediatrics. 2004 Jan;113(1 Pt 1):112-8.
Paeratakul S, Ferdinand DP, Champagne CM, Ryan DH, Bray GA. Fast-food consumption among US adults and children: dietary and nutrient intake profile. J Am Diet Assoc. 2003 Oct;103(10):1332-8.
Duffey KJ1, Gordon-Larsen P, Jacobs DR Jr, Williams OD, Popkin BM. Differential associations of fast food and restaurant food consumption with 3-y change in body mass index: the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults Study. Am J Clin Nutr. 2007 Jan;85(1):201-8.
Taveras EM1, Berkey CS, Rifas-Shiman SL, Ludwig DS, Rockett HR, Field AE,et_al. Association of consumption of fried food away from home with body mass index and diet quality in older children and adolescents. Pediatrics. 2005 Oct;116(4):e518-24.
McCrory MA1, Fuss PJ, Hays NP, Vinken AG, Greenberg AS, Roberts SB. Overeating in America: association between restaurant food consumption and body fatness in healthy adult men and women ages 19 to 80. Obes Res. 1999 Nov;7(6):564-71
Larson N1, Neumark-Sztainer D, Laska MN, Story M. Young adults and eating away from home: associations with dietary intake patterns and weight status differ by choice of restaurant. J Am Diet Assoc. 2011 Nov;111(11):1696-703. doi: 10.1016/j.jada.2011.08.007.
Robert W Jeffery, 1 Judy Baxter,1 Maureen McGuire,2 and Jennifer Linde1 Are fast food restaurants an environmental risk factor for obesity? Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2006; 3: 2.
French SA1, Harnack L, Jeffery RW. Fast food restaurant use among women in the Pound of Prevention study: dietary, behavioral and demographic correlates. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord. 2000 Oct;24(10):1353-9.
Ahmed SMM, Islam MS, Razzaque A, Ahmed T: Socioeconomic differentials of childhood obesity among school children in the context of affluent society of Dhaka City. In 11th Annual Conference (Scientific ASCON). Dhaka, Bangaldesh: icddr,b; 2007:129.
Butt S1, Leon JB, David CL, Chang H, Sidhu S, Sehgal AR. The prevalence and nutritional implications of fast food consumption among patients receiving hemodialysis. J Ren Nutr. 2007 Jul;17(4):264-8.
Latetia V. Moore, Ana V. Diez Roux, Jennifer A. Nettleton, David R. Jacobs, and Manuel Franco. Fast-Food Consumption, Diet Quality, and Neighborhood Exposure to Fast Food. Am J Epidemiol. Jul 1, 2009; 170(1): 29–36.
Bowman SA, Vinyard BT.Fast food consumption of U.S. adults: impact on energy and nutrient intakes and overweight status. J Am Coll Nutr. 2004 Apr;23(2):163-8.
Islam N, Ullah GMS. Factors affecting consumers’ preferences on fast food items in Bangladesh. J Applied Business Research 2010; 26:131-46.
Rydell SA, Harnack LJ, Oakes JM, Story M, Jeffery RW, French SA. Why eat at fast-food restaurants: reported reasons among frequent consumers. J Am Diet Assoc. 2008;108(12):2066–2070.
Morse KL, Driskell JA. Observed sex differences in fast-food consumption and nutrition self-assessments and beliefs of college students. Nutr Res. 2009;29(3):173–179.
Fraser LK1, Edwards KL, Cade JE, Clarke GP. Fast food, other food choices and body mass index in teenagers in the United Kingdom (ALSPAC): a structural equation modelling approach. Int J Obes (Lond). 2011 Oct;35(10):1325-30. doi: 10.1038/ijo.2011.120. Epub 2011 Jun 28.