Prevalence and Predictors of Self-Medication with Antibiotics for Children in Makkah, Saudi Arabia
European Journal of Preventive Medicine
Volume 5, Issue 5, September 2017, Pages: 60-64
Received: Jun. 16, 2017; Accepted: Jul. 3, 2017; Published: Aug. 3, 2017
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Authors
Enas Hamdy Alfalogy, Department of Family Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Suez Canal University, Ismailia, Egypt
Haneen Basem Nafadi, Medical Students at Umm Al Qura University, Makkah, KSA
Sara Hameed Al Rehaili, Medical Students at Umm Al Qura University, Makkah, KSA
Bushra Abed AL-Harbi, Medical Students at Umm Al Qura University, Makkah, KSA
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Abstract
Self-medication with antibiotics is becoming a very common practice, and it is being practiced globally carrying a significant economic burden and health hazards. This study assesses prevalence and predictors of self-medication with antibiotic for children. A cross-sectional study was carried out on 252 mothers selected randomly from primary health care Centers in Makkah, during the period Jan - July 2016. Mothers were interviewed about giving their children antibiotic without prescription using a semi structured questionnaire. Data was analyzed using IBM advanced SPSS statistical package version 23. Logistic regression analysis was done to determine which of the factors are independently associated with self-medication with antibiotic for children. As a result, in total, 252 respondent mothers were interviewed with mean age 36.7±18.4. The prevalence of self-medication with antibiotic for children was 39.3% despite that the majority 82.9% has satisfactory knowledge about proper antibiotic use. Amoxicillin clavulenic is the most self-prescribed antibiotic representing 53.3% followed by amoxicillin 25.6%. The predictors for self-medication were educational level, income, residence and knowledge about antibiotics use. It was concluded that, Self-medication with antibiotics for children is a common practice. Policies and considerable efforts are needed to challenge the self-medication with antibiotics especially increasing the awareness among mothers about the self-medication with antibiotics risks and hazards.
Keywords
Self-Medication, Antibiotics, Prevalence, Predictors, Children
To cite this article
Enas Hamdy Alfalogy, Haneen Basem Nafadi, Sara Hameed Al Rehaili, Bushra Abed AL-Harbi, Prevalence and Predictors of Self-Medication with Antibiotics for Children in Makkah, Saudi Arabia, European Journal of Preventive Medicine. Vol. 5, No. 5, 2017, pp. 60-64. doi: 10.11648/j.ejpm.20170505.12
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Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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