Environmental, Anthropogenic, and Health Dimensions of Flooding: Perspectives in Man-environment Interactions
European Journal of Preventive Medicine
Volume 8, Issue 1, January 2020, Pages: 1-6
Received: Dec. 30, 2019; Accepted: Jan. 15, 2020; Published: Feb. 10, 2020
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Authors
Aigbiremolen Alphonsus Oriaifo, Department of Research and Biostatistics, Cedar Centre for Healt
Osagiede Emmanuel Friday, Department of Community Medicine, Niger Delta University Teachin
Ireye Faith, EPI Cluster, World Health Organization, Benin City/Yenagoa, Nige
Aigbiremolen-Alphonsus Agnes Eghonghon, Department of Nursing Science, Ambrose Alli University, Ekpoma,
Afogbon Ernest, Department of Strategic Space Application, National Space Resear
Egbe Edmund Richard, EPI Cluster, World Health Organization, Benin City/Yenagoa, Nige
Mai Bukar Adama, Department of Strategic Space Application, National Space Resear
Ogobor Eronmhon Augustine, Department of Engineering Space System, National Space Research
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Abstract
Floods are events of great concern because of their adverse impact on the environment and human health. Natural causes of flood include environmental phenomena such as heavy rainfall, overflow of river banks and coastlines, and tidal surges. But beyond the natural, flooding also reflects the outcome of human interaction with the environment in many instances. Poor housing, high population density, poor drainage systems, and global warming are all anthropogenic factors in flooding. On the other hand, disease outbreaks, displacement of populations, economic losses, psychosocial disorders, injuries, and deaths are important problems associated with flooding. The concept of environmentalism provides some basis for understanding the man-environment interactions. Environmental determinism posits that human activities and behaviour is wholly determined by his environment. But the more lenient form of environmentalism is environmental possibilism, a concept that promotes the idea that man can substantially alter his environment to soothe his purposes and activities. However, some of man’s influence on his environment directly or indirectly relates to known causes of flooding such as unplanned housing with poor drainage systems, damming, and climate change effects. The causes and effects of flood have important relationships that can be explored in devising appropriate and sustainable approaches to flooding control. This paper puts in perspective the significance of the man-environment interaction as it relates to flooding and associated problems. It describes some major consequences of flooding in the context of this interaction and sites some examples of major flooding events in the recent past in Nigeria.
Keywords
Flooding, Environment, Health, Nigeria
To cite this article
Aigbiremolen Alphonsus Oriaifo, Osagiede Emmanuel Friday, Ireye Faith, Aigbiremolen-Alphonsus Agnes Eghonghon, Afogbon Ernest, Egbe Edmund Richard, Mai Bukar Adama, Ogobor Eronmhon Augustine, Environmental, Anthropogenic, and Health Dimensions of Flooding: Perspectives in Man-environment Interactions, European Journal of Preventive Medicine. Vol. 8, No. 1, 2020, pp. 1-6. doi: 10.11648/j.ejpm.20200801.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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