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Community Adherence Towards COVID-19 Preventive Health Messages in Somalia
European Journal of Preventive Medicine
Volume 9, Issue 1, January 2021, Pages: 1-7
Received: Dec. 4, 2020; Accepted: Dec. 11, 2020; Published: Jan. 4, 2021
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Authors
Gallad Dahir Hassan, Department of Public Health, College of Medicine and Health Science, Jamhuriya University of Science and Technology, Mogadishu Somalia
Omar Dahir, Department of Public Health, College of Medicine and Health Science, Zamzam University of Science and Technology, Mogadishu, Somalia
Mohamed Hussein Adam, Department of Public Health, College of Medicine and Health Science, Simad University, Mogadishu, Somalia
Abdiwahab Hassan, Somali Public Health Association (SOPHA), Mogadishu, Somalia
Jamal Hassan Ofle, Department of Public Health, College of Medicine and Health Science, University of Somalia, Mogadishu, Somalia
Abdulkhadir Mohamed Muse, Somali Institute for Development Research and Analysis (SIDRA), Garowe, Puntland, Somalia
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Abstract
Background: The coronavirus infection was first reported from Wuhan province, China then it spread becoming a pandemic reaching everywhere in the world. As of the time of writing this article (30th July 2020), the coronavirus pandemic resulted in over 16 million cases and over 650 thousand deaths worldwide. Objective: The objectives of this study was to evaluate community knowledge and practice to COVID-19 preventive measures. Methods: The study was community based cross sectional study design and target population were Somali adults (≥18 years of age) living in Somalia and using social media, voluntarily accepted to respond the questionnaire after giving short introductory text as informed consent. The data collection technique was online Google Forms, closed ended questionnaire and number of participants in the study was 526 subjects and selected through convenient non-probability sampling technique. Data were analyzed using SPSS. The data frequency and percentage were presented and also bivariate and multivariate analyses were conducted. Results: Among the respondents; 54.4% were male while 45.6% were male and in general, their age bracket of 15-25 had the highest percentage of 65.8% followed by the age bracket of 26-35 with a percentage of 26.8 and those with 36-45 years had a percentage of 3.0% and finally those above the age of 45 with corona virus information had a percentage of 4.4. Due to the high level of educational interaction with elite members of the society, those who went to university had better knowledge about the virus with 85.9 percent followed by the secondary level with 7.0% and then the uneducated with formal education 6.7% information and the least knowledgeable about the existence of the virus were the primary school who were having a four (4) percentage. About 76% of participants had a poor level of preventive measures practice toward Covid-19 and 22.4% had a good level of preventive practice toward Covid-19. 90.7% of the population also wash their hands frequently after they interact with people and only 9.3% don’t practice hand washing technique. Conclusion: In a nut shell; the study founded that the older the ages of the participants; the less information they have and inversely the higher the education; the more knowledge they have about covid-19. Majority of the participant didn’t wear mask when they go outside their home. Closely half of the total population did not give space when they talking to someone else. The study recommends awareness promotion to elder people and health education to illiterate people about covid-19. Also the study suggests to wear mask when people going outside and have one meter space when people talking.
Keywords
Knowledge, Practice, COVID19, Health Massage
To cite this article
Gallad Dahir Hassan, Omar Dahir, Mohamed Hussein Adam, Abdiwahab Hassan, Jamal Hassan Ofle, Abdulkhadir Mohamed Muse, Community Adherence Towards COVID-19 Preventive Health Messages in Somalia, European Journal of Preventive Medicine. Vol. 9, No. 1, 2021, pp. 1-7. doi: 10.11648/j.ejpm.20210901.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2021 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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