Ethical and Deontological Issues in Psychiatry
American Journal of Psychiatry and Neuroscience
Volume 2, Issue 6, November 2014, Pages: 96-100
Received: Nov. 20, 2014; Accepted: Nov. 27, 2014; Published: Dec. 2, 2014
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Author
Anca Livia Chirita, Department of Psychiatry, University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Craiova, Romania
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Abstract
General ethic principles in psychiatry are similar to those in somatic therapy, psychiatry being the medicine of the mind. The needs of the patient and society are the main focus of this medical specialty. Obtaining informed consent and cooperation can be encouraged if adequate information is disclosed to the patient from the outset. If the therapeutic measures that are being implemented (especially in case of, for instance, emergency admissions) are based on well-defined clinical data, the capacity of the patient to decide for themselves should be considered in addition to competency issues determined solely by the psychiatrist. Clinical experience has revealed that, unlike patients of other specialties, patients suffering from serious mental disorder often initially do not accept their clinical diagnosis, and subsequently may refuse much needed treatment. Temporarily, limiting the personal freedoms of the mentally ill are not just an end into itself, but an important means to ensure compliance with pharmacological and therapeutic objectives required for patient stabilization. The psychiatrist does so because, eventually, this would ideally restore the individual’s rights to liberty, freedom and independent decision-making.
Keywords
Ethics, Deontology, Psychiatry
To cite this article
Anca Livia Chirita, Ethical and Deontological Issues in Psychiatry, American Journal of Psychiatry and Neuroscience. Vol. 2, No. 6, 2014, pp. 96-100. doi: 10.11648/j.ajpn.20140206.13
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