Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Among School Children in Port Harcourt, Nigeria
American Journal of Psychiatry and Neuroscience
Volume 3, Issue 2, March 2015, Pages: 23-29
Received: Feb. 2, 2015;
Accepted: Feb. 11, 2015;
Published: Feb. 28, 2015
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Edward Achinike Daniel Alikor, Department of Paediatrics, University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital, Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria
Angela Ine Frank-Briggs, Department of Paediatrics, University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital, Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria
Boma Alali Ngozi Okoh, Department of Paediatrics, University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital, Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is the most common neurobehavioral disorder of childhood and one of the most prevalent chronic health conditions affecting school-aged children. With varying prevalence rates around the world, this study seeks to determine the prevalence of ADHD in primary school children in Port Harcourt, Southern Nigeria. It was a school – based descriptive cross sectional study using the Vanderbilt ADHD Diagnostic Teacher Rating Scale. A two – staged stratified sampling technique was used to recruit pupils aged 4 – 18 years from four selected primary schools. A total of 884 pupils were studied, consisting of 452 (51.1%) males and 432 (48.9%) females. Seven (0.8%) had ADHD, out of which 6 (85.7%) had predominantly inattentive, 2 (28.6%) had predominantly hyperactive-impulsive and 1 (14.3%) had the combined subtype. Four (0.9%) out of 432 females compared to 3 (0.7%) out of 452 males had ADHD (p = 0.475). Six (1.2%) out of the 483 pupils equal to or above 10 years of age had ADHD compared to 1 (0.2%) out of the 401 pupils less than 10 years of age (p = 0.098). Oppositional & Conduct disorders and Anxiety / Depression were found to be more prevalent in children with ADHD (42.9% vs. 16.3% and 28.6% vs. 10.5% respectively). The study showed that ADHD does occur in children in Southern Nigeria and is associated with other psychiatric co-morbidities as in other parts of the world.
Edward Achinike Daniel Alikor,
Angela Ine Frank-Briggs,
Boma Alali Ngozi Okoh,
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Among School Children in Port Harcourt, Nigeria, American Journal of Psychiatry and Neuroscience.
Vol. 3, No. 2,
2015, pp. 23-29.
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