An Alarming Situation of Suicide Patterns and Methods Involved in Pakistan
American Journal of Psychiatry and Neuroscience
Volume 5, Issue 3, May 2017, Pages: 37-39
Received: Apr. 5, 2017; Accepted: Apr. 21, 2017; Published: May 31, 2017
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Authors
Adnan Liaqat, Department of Medicine, Pakistan Ordinance Factory Hospital, Wah Cantt, Pakistan
Aisha Barlas, Department of Medicine, Pakistan Ordinance Factory Hospital, Wah Cantt, Pakistan
Talal Barlas, Department of Medicine, Pakistan Ordinance Factory Hospital, Wah Cantt, Pakistan
Muhammad Adnan, Department of Ophthalmology, Edo Eye Hospital, Wah Cantt, Pakistan
Ishtiaq Anwar, Department of Ophthalmology, Edo Eye Hospital, Wah Cantt, Pakistan
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Abstract
The act of deliberately killing an individual’s own life is known as suicide. Suicide is an important social issue and major cause of mortality Worldwide. The data was obtained from Pakistan Ordinance Factories (POF) Hospital WahCantt, Tehsil Headquarter hospital Taxila and Hassan Abdal, Pakistan. Retrospective study design was used to review suicidal cases during 2013-2014 in three health centers of Pakistan. “A Guide for Manner of Death Classification” was used for assessing the suicidal identification criteria by National Association of Medical Examiners. Chi-square test was applied to see the association between qualitative variables. A total of 100 cases were retrieved.The mean age was found to be 27.12±10.11 years. The peak age of suicidal attempts was seen in 20-30 years of age. The suicidal rate was found to be higher among males 29.99±12.73 than females 23.03±7.669. Study found out that suicide methods among all cases are 40% drug overdose, 20% wrist cutting, 10% hanging, 10% jumping from height, 10% chemical poising and 10% suicidal burns. The suicide rate is higher among Pakistani population but it was underestimated due to lack of reporting, cultural and religious reasons. Effective prevention requires a clear understanding of the size of the problem, its distribution in the population, and the major risk and protective factors at the levels of the individual, the family and the community.
Keywords
Suicide, Deliberate Killing, Hanging, Drug Overdose
To cite this article
Adnan Liaqat, Aisha Barlas, Talal Barlas, Muhammad Adnan, Ishtiaq Anwar, An Alarming Situation of Suicide Patterns and Methods Involved in Pakistan, American Journal of Psychiatry and Neuroscience. Vol. 5, No. 3, 2017, pp. 37-39. doi: 10.11648/j.ajpn.20170503.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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