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Factors Associated with Relapse of Schizophrenia in Bangladesh
American Journal of Psychiatry and Neuroscience
Volume 8, Issue 3, September 2020, Pages: 60-64
Received: Aug. 21, 2020; Accepted: Sep. 1, 2020; Published: Sep. 10, 2020
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Md Kamrul Hassan, Department of Psychiatry, Combined Military Hospital, Sylhet, Bangladesh
Md Inamul Islam, Department of Psychiatry, Combined Military Hospital, Rangpur, Bangladesh
Abul Hossain Muhammad Kazi Mostofa Kamal, Department of Psychiatry, Combined Military Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Md Julfikkar Alam, Combined Military Hospital (CMH), Sylhet, Bangladesh
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Context: In the face of increasing number of relapse cases of schizophrenia, sufficient work is not available in Bangladesh. Aims: To find out the common factors of relapse of schizophrenia in Bangladesh and to find out the relationship of relapse of schizophrenia with sociodemographic characteristics. Settings and Design: Cross-sectional descriptive study; Department of Psychiatry, Combined Military Hospital, Dhaka, National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), Dhaka and Psychiatry department of Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU), Dhaka. Materials and Methods: Data from 50 relapse patients receiving treatment of schizophrenia were collected, from April 2018 to September 2018. Statistical Analysis Used: The data were processed and analyzed with the help of computer program SPSS (Statistical Package for Social Sciences) win version 16. Results: The mean age was 31.16 (±10.59) years ranging from 14 to 55 years. Majority of the respondents 70% (n=35) were under 35 years. 62% (n=31) of the respondents were male and 38% (n=19) were female. 96% (n=48) of the respondents were Muslims. 52% (n=26) of the respondents were married and 46% (n=23) were unmarried. 46% (n=23) were from rural background and 54% (n=27) of the respondents were from urban background. 40% (n=20) of the respondents were from lower class, 52% (n=26) were from middle class, and only 8% (n=4) were from higher class. 56% (n=28) of the respondents had perceived stressful life events and 44% (n=22) of the respondents had no such history. 52% (n=26) of the patients had experienced high expressed emotion and 48% (n=24) had low expressed emotion. Among the 50 relapsed schizophrenia patients, only 26% (n=13) had full compliance, 30% (n=15) had full noncompliance and rest had partial compliance. There was no significant relationship between educational status and medication compliance in the current study. The study revealed significant association with lower social class and presumptive stressful life events. Conclusions: This study highlighted the perceptions of schizophrenic patients and their caregivers about factors that influence relapse. It indicated that stressful life events, high expressed emotion, and non-compliance to medication had a role in relapse. This study provides information about socio-demographic and other related factors which can offer important guideline for future study. Adherence to antipsychotic medication, reducing high expressed emotion and stressful life events protect patients from relapse.
Schizophrenia, Factor, Relapse, Prevention
To cite this article
Md Kamrul Hassan, Md Inamul Islam, Abul Hossain Muhammad Kazi Mostofa Kamal, Md Julfikkar Alam, Factors Associated with Relapse of Schizophrenia in Bangladesh, American Journal of Psychiatry and Neuroscience. Vol. 8, No. 3, 2020, pp. 60-64. doi: 10.11648/j.ajpn.20200803.14
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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