Knowledge, Behavioural Response and Anxiety in Relation to COVID-19 Outbreak Among Nepalese Adult: A Cross Sectional Electronic Survey
American Journal of Psychiatry and Neuroscience
Volume 8, Issue 4, December 2020, Pages: 70-77
Received: Oct. 15, 2020;
Accepted: Nov. 2, 2020;
Published: Nov. 19, 2020
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Biswash Sapkota, Department of Pharmacy, Novel Academy, Pokhara, Nepal
Bibechana Sapkota, School of Health and Allied Sciences, Pokhara University, Pokhara, Nepal
Bishal Sapkota, Department of Emergency Medicine, Lekhnath City Hospital Pvt LTD, Pokhara, Nepal
Nirmal Lamichhane, Department of Neuropsychiatry, Gandaki Medical College Teaching Hospital and Research Center (P) Ltd, Pokhara, Nepal
Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is an infectious disease caused by a newly discovered coronavirus. It has its severe effects on those effected but those people who are not infected might also suffer from various disorders that includes mental disorders also. A cross-sectional study was carried out from April 20, 2020, among the adult people during the strict lockdown period in Nepal. The survey was online using google forms. The form was distributed through Facebook groups and Messenger. Nepali nationals, over 18 years of age, who agreed to participate in the study, were asked to complete the questionnaire by clicking on the provided link. A total of 383 participants completed the questionnaire. The mean age group was 25.45 years (SD: 7.49), 195 (50.9%) were male, and 188 (49.1%) were female. The majority of the respondent (80.7%) had better knowledge on COVID-19, 70.2% reported taking the avoidance behaviour and almost all (99%) were reported taking anyone and more than one of the recommended behaviour. Females were more likely to take avoidance behaviour than men (AOR=2.549, 95% C.I: 1.608-4.043). General anxiety disorder was reported on 12.5% of the total respondents. Respondents showing avoidance behaviour, having children and having serious illness had a significantly higher level of anxiety. The study shows that people were more conscious regarding the impact of the pandemic but few people developed anxiety. The preventive measures should be taken to prevent the people from further post-traumatic stress disorder and other mental issues.
Knowledge, Behavioural Response and Anxiety in Relation to COVID-19 Outbreak Among Nepalese Adult: A Cross Sectional Electronic Survey, American Journal of Psychiatry and Neuroscience.
Vol. 8, No. 4,
2020, pp. 70-77.
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