Recovery of Pathogenic Human Intestinal Parasites in Fecal Effluents Obtained from Donkey Abattoir at Nkwo-Izhia, Ebonyi State
American Journal of Biomedical and Life Sciences
Volume 3, Issue 4, August 2015, Pages: 71-74
Received: Mar. 24, 2015;
Accepted: Apr. 11, 2015;
Published: Jun. 17, 2015
Views 4054 Downloads 109
Agumah Nnabuife Bernard, Department of Applied Microbiology, Ebonyi State University, Abakaliki, Nigeria
Nwakaeze Emmanuel Amobi, Department of Applied Microbiology, Ebonyi State University, Abakaliki, Nigeria
Nwachi Anthonia Chinyere, Department of Applied Microbiology, Ebonyi State University, Abakaliki, Nigeria
Ilang Donatus Chukwuma, Department of Biological Sciences, Federal University, Ndufu-alike Ikwo, Nigeria
Ebiega-Oselebe Ifeoma Nora, Department of Epidemiology and Medical statistics, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria
Iyidiobi Tochukwu Chiaghanam, Department of Internal medicine, Federal teaching hospital, Abakaliki, Nigeria
Dzingina Garba Douglas, School of Medical laboratory Sciences, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria
Uhuo Cosmas, Department of Applied biology, Faculty of Science, Ebonyi state University, Abakaliki, Nigeria
Donkey meat is a delicacy in some cultures even though it is abhorred in some quarters; and because it is relatively cheaper, tastier and nutritionally-rich, donkey meat is preferred to some other types of red especially in this part of the world. Donkeys are usually imported from the Northern part of Nigeria to some parts of the South where people buy them for consumption and other economic purposes. This study was aimed at recovering pathogenic human intestinal parasites from donkeys to ascertain if they could be potential reservoirs of human parasites. The fecal effluents from the donkey abattoir were analyzed based on current parasitological techniques; and the parasites were confirmed by microscopic and concentration techniques. Twenty-five (79.5%) species of helminths and 9 (20.5%) species of protozoa were identified in the donkeys slurry samples examined in this study. This gives a general parasite prevalence of 55.0% (44/80). These comprised of 16 (36.4%) Fasciola hepatica; 10 (22.8%) Taenia spp; 7 (15.9%) Giardia lamblia; 3 (6.8%) Ascaris lumbricoides; 3 (6.8%) Strongyloides stercolaris; 2 (4.5%) Trichuris trichuria; 2(4.5%) Entamoeba histolytica and 1 (2.3%) hookworm. One animal each harbored 3 species, 17 animals had two separate parasitic infections and 26 harbored one parasitic species. It could be deduced from our results that parasitic infections are not duly considered in veterinary control especially in slaughter houses as possible causes or source of infections. Thus, parasitic control and protective actions will be necessary in order to utilize donkeys more efficiently as well as to contain the spread of infections via their consumption.
Agumah Nnabuife Bernard,
Nwakaeze Emmanuel Amobi,
Nwachi Anthonia Chinyere,
Ilang Donatus Chukwuma,
Ebiega-Oselebe Ifeoma Nora,
Iyidiobi Tochukwu Chiaghanam,
Dzingina Garba Douglas,
Recovery of Pathogenic Human Intestinal Parasites in Fecal Effluents Obtained from Donkey Abattoir at Nkwo-Izhia, Ebonyi State, American Journal of Biomedical and Life Sciences.
Vol. 3, No. 4,
2015, pp. 71-74.
Abayneh, T., Gebreab, F., Zekarias, B. and Tadesse, G. (2002). The potential role of donkeys in land tillage in central Ethiopia. Bulletin of Animal Health and Production in Africa. 50, 172-178.
Arslan, M.O. and Umur, S. (2008). The helminth and Eimeria (Protozoa) species in horse and donkey in Kars. Acta Parasitol Turcica; 22:80-184.
Asefa Z., Kumsa B., Endebu B., Gizachew A., Merga T. and E. Debela E., (2011) “Endoparasites of Donkeys in Sululta and Gefersa Districts of Central Oromia, Ethiopia,” Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances. 10(14)1850-1854.
Demir, S., Tinar, R. and Kaplan, A. (2005). Helminths obtained from a donkey. Acta Parasitol Turcica; 19:119-123.
Fred, O. and K, Pascal, 2006. Extension approaches toimproving the welfare of working equines. Kenya from eastern Uganda. Paper presented at the international Animal Traction Network for Eastern and Southern Africa (ATNE3A) workshop held 5-9 May 1997. Debre Zeit, Ethiopia, Website: http://www.atnesa.org/atnesa-donkey- workshop
Gavor, J. J. (2005). The prevalence and abundance of internal parasites in working horses autopsied in Poland. Vet Parasitol; 58:99-108.
Gul, A., Deger, S. and Ayaz, E. (2003). The prevalence of helminth species according to faecal examination in equids in different cities in Turkey. Turk J Vet AnimSet; 27:195-199.
Gulbahce, S. (2000). Epidemiology of parasites found in equids in province Konya. Selcuk Univ., Might Lisans Thesis. Health Science Enstitusu; pp23-43.
Marshall, K. and Ali, Z, (2004), In; Fielding and Starkey P (editors). Donkeys, People and Development. A resource book of the animal traction network for eastern and Southern Africa (ATNESA). Technical center for agriculture and rural cooperation (CTA), Wageningen, The Netherlands, pp. 77-81.
Moghadam, A.S., Massoud, ],, Mahmoodi, M., Mahvi, A.H., Periago, M.V. and Artigas, P. (2004). Human and animal fasciolosis in Mazandaran province, Northern Iran. Parasitol. Res', 94:61-69.
Pearson, R. A, Nengomasha, E. and Krecek, R. C. (2009). The challenges in using donkeys for work in Africa. In: Starkey PH, Kaumbutho P (editors). Meeting the Challenges of Animal Traction. A resource book of the Animal Traction Network for Eastern and Southern Africa (ATNESA), pp, 190-198, Harare, Zimbabwe. Intermediate Technology Publications, London.Uk,
Perry B. D., Randolph T. F., McDermott J. J., Sones K. R. and Thornton P. K., (2002) “Investing in Animal Research to Alleviate Poverty,” International Livestock Research Institute, Nairobi.
Poynter, D. (2000) Some observations on the nematode parasites of horses. In: Bryans J T, Gerber H (editors), Equine Infectious Diseases. Proceedings 2nd International Conference on Equine Infectious Diseases, Paris, (Basel, Switzerland, S.Karger), Pp. 269-289.
Ramaswamy R. S.,(1994) “Draught Animals and Welfare,” Re- vue Scientifique et Technique de l’Office International des Epizooties, Vol. 13(1): 195-216.
Saul, C., Siefert, L. and Gpuda-Asibo, J. (2007). Disease and Health problems of donkeys: a case study from eastern Uganda. In: Improving donkey utilization and management. ATNESA workshop, 5-9, Debre Zeit, Ethiopia. Pp58-63.
Svendsen, E.D., (2007). Parasites abroad. The professional hand book of the donkey. 3 edition pp: 166-182, Whittet Books Limited, 18 Anley Road, London, pp: 166-182.
Valdez-Cruz, P. Z., Hernandez-Gil M., Galindo-Rodriguez L. and Alonso-Diza M. A.,(2006) “Gastrointestinal Parasite Burden, Body Condition and Haematological Values in Equines in the Humid Tropical Areas of Mexico,” Pro- ceedings of the 5th International Colloquium on Working Equines The Future for Working Equines, The Donkey Sanctuary, Sidmouth. pp. 62-72.