Recovery of Pathogenic Human Intestinal Parasites in Fecal Effluents Obtained from Donkey Abattoir at Nkwo-Izhia, Ebonyi State
American Journal of Biomedical and Life Sciences
Volume 3, Issue 4, August 2015, Pages: 71-74
Received: Mar. 24, 2015; Accepted: Apr. 11, 2015; Published: Jun. 17, 2015
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Authors
Agumah Nnabuife Bernard, Department of Applied Microbiology, Ebonyi State University, Abakaliki, Nigeria
Nwakaeze Emmanuel Amobi, Department of Applied Microbiology, Ebonyi State University, Abakaliki, Nigeria
Nwachi Anthonia Chinyere, Department of Applied Microbiology, Ebonyi State University, Abakaliki, Nigeria
Ilang Donatus Chukwuma, Department of Biological Sciences, Federal University, Ndufu-alike Ikwo, Nigeria
Ebiega-Oselebe Ifeoma Nora, Department of Epidemiology and Medical statistics, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria
Iyidiobi Tochukwu Chiaghanam, Department of Internal medicine, Federal teaching hospital, Abakaliki, Nigeria
Dzingina Garba Douglas, School of Medical laboratory Sciences, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria
Uhuo Cosmas, Department of Applied biology, Faculty of Science, Ebonyi state University, Abakaliki, Nigeria
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Abstract
Donkey meat is a delicacy in some cultures even though it is abhorred in some quarters; and because it is relatively cheaper, tastier and nutritionally-rich, donkey meat is preferred to some other types of red especially in this part of the world. Donkeys are usually imported from the Northern part of Nigeria to some parts of the South where people buy them for consumption and other economic purposes. This study was aimed at recovering pathogenic human intestinal parasites from donkeys to ascertain if they could be potential reservoirs of human parasites. The fecal effluents from the donkey abattoir were analyzed based on current parasitological techniques; and the parasites were confirmed by microscopic and concentration techniques. Twenty-five (79.5%) species of helminths and 9 (20.5%) species of protozoa were identified in the donkeys slurry samples examined in this study. This gives a general parasite prevalence of 55.0% (44/80). These comprised of 16 (36.4%) Fasciola hepatica; 10 (22.8%) Taenia spp; 7 (15.9%) Giardia lamblia; 3 (6.8%) Ascaris lumbricoides; 3 (6.8%) Strongyloides stercolaris; 2 (4.5%) Trichuris trichuria; 2(4.5%) Entamoeba histolytica and 1 (2.3%) hookworm. One animal each harbored 3 species, 17 animals had two separate parasitic infections and 26 harbored one parasitic species. It could be deduced from our results that parasitic infections are not duly considered in veterinary control especially in slaughter houses as possible causes or source of infections. Thus, parasitic control and protective actions will be necessary in order to utilize donkeys more efficiently as well as to contain the spread of infections via their consumption.
Keywords
Parasites, Donkey, Abattoir, Fecal, Effluents, Ebonyi
To cite this article
Agumah Nnabuife Bernard, Nwakaeze Emmanuel Amobi, Nwachi Anthonia Chinyere, Ilang Donatus Chukwuma, Ebiega-Oselebe Ifeoma Nora, Iyidiobi Tochukwu Chiaghanam, Dzingina Garba Douglas, Uhuo Cosmas, Recovery of Pathogenic Human Intestinal Parasites in Fecal Effluents Obtained from Donkey Abattoir at Nkwo-Izhia, Ebonyi State, American Journal of Biomedical and Life Sciences. Vol. 3, No. 4, 2015, pp. 71-74. doi: 10.11648/j.ajbls.20150304.11
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