‘Health is wealth’, goes the saying. Health and nutrition are the most important contributory factors for human resource development in the country. Unhealthy eating and physical inactivity cause 1/3 of premature deaths. Nowadays nutrition related non communicable diseases have become a major threat to public health. Protein Energy Malnutrition (PEM), micronutrient deficiencies such as vitamin A deficiency, Iron Deficiency Anemia, Iodine Deficiency Disorders and vitamin B-complex deficiencies are the nutrition problems frequently encountered, particularly among the rural poor and urban slum communities and among children and women. These nutritional risk factors, are considered responsible for 3.9 million deaths (35%of total deaths) and 144 million disability-adjusted life years (DALYS) (33% of total DALYS) in children below 5 years of age . The scenario clearly shows there is a need for reappraisal of nutrition intervention programmes for children and pregnant women in India for which an attempt was made by us through identification of some healthy recipies and introduction of these among a set of population which are presented in this paper.
Healthy Nutrition to Build a Healthy Nation, American Journal of Biomedical and Life Sciences.
Vol. 5, No. 6,
2017, pp. 123-129.
World health statistics, Geneva, World Health Organization, 2010.
Progress for children. A report card on nutrition. Number 4, May 2006. New York, UNICEF, 2006.
National Family Health Survey-3, International Institute for population on sciences (2005-06); Mumbai.
Prevalence of Micronutrient Deficiencies. NNMB, Technical Report No. 22, NIN, ICMR, Hyderabad, 2003.
Health Information of India, 2004 GoI, Central Bureau of Health Intelligence, Directorate General of Health services, Ministry of Health family welfare, Nirman Bhavan, New Delhi-110011.
Global prevalence of vitamin A deficiency in populations at risk 1995–2005. WHO global database on vitamin A deficiency. Geneva, World Health Organization, 2009.
World Health Organization (WHO). Global prevalence ofvitamin A deficiency in populations at risk 1995-2005. WHO Global Database on Vitamin A Deficiency. Geneva: WHO; 2009.
de Benoist B (et al). Iodine deficiency in 2007: global progress since 2003. Food and NutritionBulletin, 2008, 29: 195–202.
Current Status of IDD in selected Districts of Southern Region of the country (2003). NIN, ICMR, HYD-7.
Diet and Nutritional status of population and prevalence of Hypertension among adults in rural areas. NNMB Technical Report No: 24, NNMB, NIN, ICMR, Hyderabad-2006.
Bela Shah and Prashant Mathur (2005). Risk factor surveillance for Non- Communicable Disease (NCDs): The multi – site ICMR- WHO collaborative initiative. Presentation made at forum 9, Mumbai, India. 12-16 September.
Mohan, V, Mathur, R and Deepa, M. ital. Urban rural difference in prevalence of self reported diabetes in India WHO- ICMR Indian NCD risk factor surveillance in Elsevier Website.
Chronic diseases and health promotion. STEPwise approach to chronic risk factor surveillance (STEPS). Geneva, World Health Organization.
Time trends in incidence rates of cancer: 1988-2005. National Cancer Registration, Programme, 2009.
Reaven G (1988) Role of insulin resistance in human disease. Diabetes 37: 1595–607.
Rowley KG, Best JD, McDermott R et al (1997) Insulin resistance syndrome in Australian Aboriginal people. Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology and Physiology 24: 776–81.
National Health and Medical Research Council. A modelling system to inform the revision of the AustralianGuide to Healthy Eating. Canberra: Commonwealth of Australia; 2011b.
Williams, G. C., Ryan, R. M., & Deci, E. L. (2015). Health-Care, SelfDetermination Theory Questionnaire Packet. Retrieved March 1, 2015, from: http://www.selfdeterminationtheory.org/health-care-self-determination-theory
Smith, T., Dunton, G., Pinard, C., & Yaroch, A. (2015). Factors influencing food preparation bahaviors: Findings from focus groups with Mexican-American mothers in southern California. Public Health Nutrition, 1–10. doi: 10.1017/S1368980015001949.
Field AE, Gillman MW, Rosner B, Rockett HR, Colditz GA. Association between fruit and vegetable intake and change in body mass index among a large sample of children and adolescents in the United States. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 2003; 27 (7): 821–6.
Sartorelli DS, Franco LJ, Cardoso MA, Sartorelli DS, Franco LJ, Cardoso MA. High intake of fruits and vegetables predicts weight loss in Brazilian overweight adults. Nutr Res 2008; 28 (4): 233–8.
te Velde SJ, Twisk JW, Brug J, te Velde SJ, Twisk JWR, Brug J. Tracking of fruit and vegetable consumption from adolescence into adulthood and its longitudinal association with overweight Br J Nutr 2007; 98 (2): 431–8.
Vioque J, Weinbrenner T, Castello A, Asensio L, de la Hera MG. Intake of fruits and vegetables in relation to 10-year weight gain among Spanish adults. Obesity (Silver Spring) 2008; 16 (3): 664–70.
Booth A, Nowson C, Worsley A, Margerison C, Jorna M. Dietary approaches for weight loss withincreased intakes of fruit, vegetables and dairy products. Nutr Diet 2008; 65 (2): 115–20.
Conceicao de Oliveira M, Sichieri R, Sanchez Moura A. Weight loss associated with a daily intake of three apples or three pears among overweight women. Nutrition 2003; 19 (3): 253–56.
Drapeau V, Despres JP, Bouchard C, Allard L, Fournier G, Leblanc C et al. Modifications in food-group consumption are related to long-term body-weight changes. Am J Clin Nutr 2004; 80 (1): 29–37.
He K, Hu FB, Colditz GA, Manson JE, Willett WC, Liu S. Changes in intake of fruits and vegetables in relation to risk of obesity and weight gain among middle-aged women. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 2004; 28 (12): 1569–74.
Rodriguez MC, Parra MD, Marques-Lopes I, De Morentin BE, Gonzalez A, Martinez JA. Effects of twoenergy-restricted diets containing different fruit amounts on body weight loss and macronutrient oxidation. Plant Foods Hum Nutr 2005; 60 (4): 219–24.
Barr SI. Increased dairy product or calcium intake: is body weight or composition affected in humans?J Nutr 2003; 133 (1): 245S–48S.
Lanou AJ, Barnard ND. Dairy and weight loss hypothesis: an evaluation of the clinical trials. Nutr Rev 2008; 66 (5): 272–79.
Hallfrisch J, Scholfield DJ, Behall KM. Blood pressure reduced by whole grain diet containing barley or whole wheat and brown rice in moderately hypercholesterolemic men. Nutr Res 2003; 23 (12): 1631–42.
Dyson, P. A., Anthony, D., Fenton, B., Stevens, D. E., Champagne, B., & Li, L. M.... Community Interventions for Health (CIH) collaboration. (2015). Successful up-scaled population interventions to reduce risk factors for non-communicable disease in adults: Results from the International Community Interventions for Health (CIH) project in China, India and Mexico. PLOS ONE, 10, 1–13. 10.1371/journal. pone.0120941.
Dugdale A E and Payne E R 1975 Pattern of fat and leandeposition in children; Nature (London) 256 725–727.
Pojda J and Kelley L 2000 Low birth weight; ACC/SCNNutrition Policy Paper No. 18.
Barker D J P 1998 Mothers, babies and health in Later life (Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone).
Gopalan C 1994 Low birth weight: Significance and implications. Nutrition in children, developing country concerns.