Prevalence of Plasmodium falciparum Among New Intakes in the Isaac Jasper Boro College of Education, Sagbama, Bayelsa State, Nigeria
American Journal of Biomedical and Life Sciences
Volume 6, Issue 2, April 2018, Pages: 33-36
Received: Apr. 21, 2018; Accepted: May 14, 2018; Published: May 31, 2018
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Authors
Amawulu Ebenezer, Department of Biological Sciences, Niger Delta University, Wilberforce Island, Amassoma, Nigeria
Peace Eekpa, Department of Biology, Isaac Jasper Boro College of Education, Sagbama, Nigeria
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Abstract
This study investigated the prevalence of Plasmodium falciparum among new intake of the Isaac Jasper Boro College of Education, Sagbama during January-March, 2017. Blood samples were collected through venal puncture. A 2.5ml part of blood was collected from each student and transferred into an anti- coagulant bottle. Malaria parasites were determined using Pf malaria rapid test kitsanda standard microscopy. The preparation of the test kits and microscopy followed standard procedures. Determination of positive slides followed standard techniques. Data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. Malaria was positive slides were 15.49% of the total slides. Plasmodium falciparum accounted for 100% of all the positive cases. Male (18.75%) were more infected than female (12.82%). The difference was significant (χ2cal = 16.68, p<0.05). The prevalence of P. falciparum varies with the age across age group. The age bracket29-31(25.0%) had more prevalence, followed by age bracket 17-19 (17.65%). Least prevalence (9.09%) was recorded among age bracket 23-25. Differences were not significant (χ2cal = 7.96, p>0.05). Prevalence of P. falciparum varied across departments. The differences were statistically significant (χ2cal = 57.71, p>0.05). The result is a public health concern and call for prompt intervention.
Keywords
Plasmodium falciparum, Rapid Test Kit, Students, Bayelsa State
To cite this article
Amawulu Ebenezer, Peace Eekpa, Prevalence of Plasmodium falciparum Among New Intakes in the Isaac Jasper Boro College of Education, Sagbama, Bayelsa State, Nigeria, American Journal of Biomedical and Life Sciences. Vol. 6, No. 2, 2018, pp. 33-36. doi: 10.11648/j.ajbls.20180602.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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