Challenges and Outcome of Neonatal Surgery at the Abia State University Teaching Hospital Aba Nigeria
American Journal of Biomedical and Life Sciences
Volume 6, Issue 4, August 2018, Pages: 69-72
Received: Jul. 23, 2018; Accepted: Aug. 17, 2018; Published: Sep. 10, 2018
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Samuel Chidi Ekpemo, Department of Surgery, Abia State University, Aba, Nigeria
Ndubuisi Eleweke, Department of Surgery, Abia State University, Aba, Nigeria
Nneka Okoronkwo, Department of Paediatrics, Abia State University, Aba, Nigeria
Chapp-Jumbo Assumpta, Department of Paediatrics, Abia State University, Aba, Nigeria
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Background: Neonatal surgery is still a challenge in developing country due to lack of appropriate equipment, inadequate work force and lack of political will by hospital management. However, there has been significant improvement in outcome over the last century. Objective: This study evaluates neonatal surgery in commercial city of Aba South East Nigeria with emphasis on challenges and management outcome. Methods: Prospective analysis of sixty neonates who had operative treatment at Abia State University Teaching Hospital Aba from October 2016 to July 2018. Proforma was opened for sex, weight, prenatal care, age at presentation, duration of symptoms prior to presentation, surgical pathology, treatment offered, associated congenital anomaly, evidence of prenatal diagnosis, complications and outcome. Results: There were 40 males and 20 females, male to female ratio of 2:1. The mean weight of the neonates was 2.5kg (range1.1-4.3kg). The average age at operation was 3 days (1-15days), the mean duration of symptoms before presentation was 3.5days. The major indication for operation was anorectal malformation 32 patients {53.3%} anterior abdominal wall defect 8 patients {13.3%}, Intestinal atresia 8 patients {13.3%}, intestinal perforation 8 patients {13.3%}, obstructed hernia 4 patient {6.6%}/There was associated congenital abnormality in 5 patients {8.3%} and prenatal diagnoses was made in 10 cases {16.6%}. During a mean follow up of 3months {1week to 9months, procedure related complications in 16 patients {26.6%} and 8patients died {mortality of 13.3%}. Conclusion: Surgical care of the neonate with a wide range of pathologies is still major challenge in our setting. Good political will, capacity building in form of manpower development and procurement of appropriate equipment will enhance the outcome.
Neonatal Surgery, Challenges, Outcome
To cite this article
Samuel Chidi Ekpemo, Ndubuisi Eleweke, Nneka Okoronkwo, Chapp-Jumbo Assumpta, Challenges and Outcome of Neonatal Surgery at the Abia State University Teaching Hospital Aba Nigeria, American Journal of Biomedical and Life Sciences. Vol. 6, No. 4, 2018, pp. 69-72. doi: 10.11648/j.ajbls.20180604.11
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