Prevalence and Antimicrobial Susceptibility Profile of Bacterial Isolates from Infected Caesarean Sites in Three Federal Capital Territory Hospitals, Abuja Nigeria
American Journal of Biomedical and Life Sciences
Volume 6, Issue 4, August 2018, Pages: 90-95
Received: Aug. 10, 2018; Accepted: Sep. 21, 2018; Published: Oct. 25, 2018
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Egbe Friday Andrew, Department of Public Health, Institute of Federal Capital Territory Administration, Abuja, Nigeria
Unam Nse Friday, Department of Research, Federal Ministry of Health Institute, Abuja, Nigeria
Egbe Kingsley Andrew, Department of Microbiology, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Nigeria
Lerum Nathaniel Isaiah, Department of Microbiology, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Nigeria
Ekwom Edith Silas, Department of Biological Science, Cross River University of Technology, Calabar, Nigeria
Unah Victor Unah, Department of Microbiology, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Nigeria
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In Nigeria, delivery by caesarean section which was once a dreaded event due in part to possible complications, fear and cost implications has over the past few years gain acceptance especially among the urban dwellers, as more women and doctors opt for caesarean delivery, resulting to increase in incidence of caesarean site infections. A total of one hundred and ninety four (194) caesarean sites of women who have undergone caesarean section delivery in three federal capital territory hospitals with signs of infection were screened for bacterial infection between September, 2017 and July 2018. Specimens were collected using sterile cotton swab and processed using standard operative procedures in appropriate culture media and susceptibility test was done using Kirby-Bauer disc diffusion technique. The result showed that forty six (46) out of the total (194) were found to be infected. This represented a 23.71% infection rate. The infection was polymicrobial in nature with various bacterial species such as; Escherichia coli, Enterobacter spp, Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Klebsiella spp and Proteus spp, isolated. The single most commonly infecting organism was found to be Escherichia coli which had been isolated from 13(28.26%) samples, followed by Staphylococcus aureus 10(21.74%), Staphylococcus epidermidis 8(17.39%), Enterobacter spp 6(13.04), Pseudomonas aeruginosa 4(8.70%), Klebsiella spp 3(6.52%), and Proteus spp 2(4.35%) respectively. One hundred percent (100%) resistance to tetracycline and amoxicillin was recorded mostly from gram negative organisms while ciprofloxacin, gentamycin, cefalexin and cefuroxime exhibited significant antibacterial activity against the isolated pathogens and therefore recommended for consideration in cases of caesarean infection.
Cesarean Sites, Staphylococcus Aureus, Antibiotics, Antimicrobial Susceptibility Profile
To cite this article
Egbe Friday Andrew, Unam Nse Friday, Egbe Kingsley Andrew, Lerum Nathaniel Isaiah, Ekwom Edith Silas, Unah Victor Unah, Prevalence and Antimicrobial Susceptibility Profile of Bacterial Isolates from Infected Caesarean Sites in Three Federal Capital Territory Hospitals, Abuja Nigeria, American Journal of Biomedical and Life Sciences. Vol. 6, No. 4, 2018, pp. 90-95. doi: 10.11648/j.ajbls.20180604.15
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