The Insecticidal Activity of Neem (Azadirachataindica) Against Weevils in Stored Bambara Nuts (Vignasubterranea) and Beans (Phaseolus vulgaris)
American Journal of Biomedical and Life Sciences
Volume 7, Issue 2, April 2019, Pages: 31-35
Received: Nov. 23, 2018; Accepted: Mar. 18, 2019; Published: May 6, 2019
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Author
Mbah-Omeje Kelechi Nkechinyere, Department of Applied Microbiology and Brewing, Enugu State University of Science and Technology, Agbani, Nigeria
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Abstract
This study was undertaken to examine the insecticidal properties of Neem plant. Powder and aqueous extracts of Neem, Azadirachata indica leaves were evaluated as grain protectants against the bambara nut weevil (Callosobruchusmaculatus) and bean seed weevil (Acanthoscelidesobtectus), in the laboratory at 1.5, 2.0, and 2.5 (%v/w) concentrations per 20g of bambara nut and bean seeds respectively. Aqueous and powder extracts of Azadirachataindica leaves were applied to the bambara nut and beans seed using the contact method of application in the laboratory. Results revealed that 2.0%v/w (p=0.014) and 2.5% v/w (p=0.008) had significant increase in adult mortality of C. maculatus and A. obtectus in aqueous treatment of A. indica on beans and bambara nut after 72h at p<0.05. Similar results were obtained for beans and bambara nuts using powdered A. indica treatment. Percentage grain weight damage in bambara nut powder treatment of A. indica decreased significantly (p=0.002) at (P<0.05) in a proportionate, dose dependent manner and there was no adult emergence for either of bambara nut weevil or bean weevil. The 1.5 (%v/w) concentration was the least effective when compared with other concentrations. There was significant difference between A. indica treated grains and the control. There was no observed discoloration of the treated seeds. A. indica (aqueous and powder) extracts effectively reduced the weight loss of the treated bambara nut and seeds with 2.5% concentration being the most effective after 168hours. Phytochemical analyses of the extracts revealed presence of alkaloids, tannins, phenols, terpenes, saponins, cardiac glycosides, steroids while reducing sugars, carbohydrates and anthraquinones were absent. This study shows the insecticidal effects of A. indica against crop pests and at such there is need to further exploit Neem in order to maximize the potential. Farmers in developing countries can use A. indica as an alternative to chemical pesticide in rural grain storage.
Keywords
Azadirachataindica, Cowpea, Callosobruchusmaculatus, Acanthoscelidesobtectus and Bambara Nuts
To cite this article
Mbah-Omeje Kelechi Nkechinyere, The Insecticidal Activity of Neem (Azadirachataindica) Against Weevils in Stored Bambara Nuts (Vignasubterranea) and Beans (Phaseolus vulgaris), American Journal of Biomedical and Life Sciences. Vol. 7, No. 2, 2019, pp. 31-35. doi: 10.11648/j.ajbls.20190702.11
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Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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