Investigation of Anxiety and Its Influencing Factors in Postpartum Nurses Returning to Work from Giving Birth to a Second Child
American Journal of Biomedical and Life Sciences
Volume 8, Issue 3, June 2020, Pages: 47-53
Received: Mar. 29, 2020; Accepted: Apr. 16, 2020; Published: Apr. 29, 2020
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Caiyun Kuang, Department of Nursing, Central Hospital of Kaiping City, Kaiping, China
Qingran Lin, Department of Nursing, The First Affiliated Hospital of Jinan University, Guangzhou, China
Weiju Chen, Shcool of Nursing, Jinan University, Guangzhou, China
Cuiyan Zhang, Department of Nursing, Central Hospital of Kaiping City, Kaiping, China
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Objective: We attempt to investigate the anxiety and its influencing factors in postpartum nurses returning to work from second childbirth so as to provide reference basis for making intervening measures to promote physical and psychological health of the postpartum nurses. Methods: We conducted a network questionnaire survey. Firstly, convenience sampling was used to select postpartum nurses who return to work from giving birth to a second child in public hospitals affiliated to Jiangmen City from September 1st 2018 to December 31st 2018. Then we adopted Self-Rating Anxiety Scale (SAS) to conduct a cross-sectional study of the anxiety of postpartum nurses returning to work from giving birth to a second child. We later used Logistics regression analysis to analyze the influencing factors of anxiety of the postpartum nurses. Results: the average score of 702 postpartum nurses on anxiety was (48.64±11.57), and the incidence of anxiety was 42.1%, among which the incidence of mild anxiety was 25.7%, moderate anxiety was 11% and severe anxiety was 5.4%. The Logistics regression analysis showed that duty, coping style, family function and social support were the factors that influenced anxiety of the postpartum nurses (R2=59.41%). Conclusions: The situation of anxiety of postpartum nurses returning to work after giving birth to a second child is severe, and family function is a major influencing factor of their anxiety. Nursing managers can help reduce the influence of family function on anxiety of postpartum nurses through providing psychological adjustment for them, help for their family and support for their work.
Second Child, Postpartum Period, Nurse, Anxiety
To cite this article
Caiyun Kuang, Qingran Lin, Weiju Chen, Cuiyan Zhang, Investigation of Anxiety and Its Influencing Factors in Postpartum Nurses Returning to Work from Giving Birth to a Second Child, American Journal of Biomedical and Life Sciences. Vol. 8, No. 3, 2020, pp. 47-53. doi: 10.11648/j.ajbls.20200803.11
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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