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Physical Exercise Activity, Cognitive Functions and Its Relationship to Quality of Life in the Senior Citizens of Lahore
American Journal of Biomedical and Life Sciences
Volume 8, Issue 5, October 2020, Pages: 143-155
Received: Aug. 15, 2020; Accepted: Aug. 26, 2020; Published: Sep. 16, 2020
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Hamid Mahmood, University Institute of Public Health, The University of Lahore, Lahore, Pakistan
Ammara Waqar, Quality Enhancement Cell, Al-Aleem Medical College, Lahore, Pakistan
Saleem Rana, University Institute of Public Health, The University of Lahore, Lahore, Pakistan
Muhammad Yaqoob, University Institute of Public Health, The University of Lahore, Lahore, Pakistan
Ejaz Mahmood Ahmad Qureshi, University Institute of Public Health, The University of Lahore, Lahore, Pakistan
Syed Amir Gillani, University Institute of Public Health, The University of Lahore, Lahore, Pakistan
Asif Hanif, University Institute of Public Health, The University of Lahore, Lahore, Pakistan
Awais Gohar, Primary and Secondary Health Department, Government of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan
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There is long debate on the proper functioning of senior citizens with relation to different factors which affect the physical exercise activity and cognitive functions in the senior citizens to perform their activities in daily life. Research had been carried out on relationship of physical exercise activity (recent and long term) to perform ADL and IADL. The objectives of the study are: To find out the composite score (z-scores) to check the executive functions of ADL and IADL. To find out the impact of recent and long term physical exercise activities and cognitive executive functions by using z-scores to measure the quality of life in male and female senior citizens. The results of our study show that the recent physical exercise activity does not improve the cognitive functions in the senior citizens through perform ADL and IADL. However long term physical exercise activity improve the cognitive functions in the senior citizens. the females who were having better physical exercise activity have better cognitive functions as compare to male with the same physical exercise activity. It has been found out that the physical exercise activities are important to be performed by the senior citizens to keep their cognitive executive functions intact. The senior citizens who are engaged in the physical exercise activities are less likely develop cognitive development in the old age. Physical exercise activities in the long term have great impact in maintaining the cognitive function in the senior citizens to perform ADL and IADL.
Physical Exercise Activities, Cognitive Functions, Socio-Cultural Activity, Senior Citizen, Gender, ADL, IADL
To cite this article
Hamid Mahmood, Ammara Waqar, Saleem Rana, Muhammad Yaqoob, Ejaz Mahmood Ahmad Qureshi, Syed Amir Gillani, Asif Hanif, Awais Gohar, Physical Exercise Activity, Cognitive Functions and Its Relationship to Quality of Life in the Senior Citizens of Lahore, American Journal of Biomedical and Life Sciences. Vol. 8, No. 5, 2020, pp. 143-155. doi: 10.11648/j.ajbls.20200805.14
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This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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