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Study on Risk Factor Evaluation of Ischaemic Stroke Patients Admitted in a Tertiary Care Hospital: 100 Cases
American Journal of Biomedical and Life Sciences
Volume 8, Issue 6, December 2020, Pages: 225-230
Received: Oct. 25, 2020; Accepted: Nov. 12, 2020; Published: Dec. 16, 2020
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Authors
Tazin Afrose Shah, Department of Medicine, Uttara Adhunik Medical College (UAMC), Dhaka, Bangladesh
Farhan Matin, Department of Radiology and Imaging, Uttara Adhunik Medical College (UAMC), Dhaka, Bangladesh
Anarul Islam, Department of Respiratory Medicine, Uttara Adhunik Medical College (UAMC), Dhaka, Bangladesh
Mahabubur Rahman, Department of Gastroenterology, Uttara Adhunik Medical College (UAMC), Dhaka, Bangladeshs
Mohiduzzaman Tony, Department of Surgery, Uttara Adhunik Medical College (UAMC), Dhaka, Bangladesh
Md. Hyder Ali, Department of Medicine, Uttara Adhunik Medical College (UAMC), Dhaka, Bangladesh
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Abstract
Background: Stroke is defined as a sudden onset focal neurological deficit of vascular etiology and is a major cause of mortality and morbidity around the globe. The aim of this study was to find out the proportion of major risk factor or factors related in infarctive stroke cases. Methods: This hospital based descriptive cross sectional study was carried out in one hundred (100) ischemic stroke patients admitted in Medicine units associated with Neurology ward in Enam Medical College & Hospital, Savar, Dhaka, Bangladesh during the period from January 2015 to September 2017. Permission for the study was taken from the mentioned departments and authorities. Subjects were selected in all age groups and both male and female patients to whom duration of illness were less than 72 hours. Results: Among all, 61% were male and 39% were female and male female ratio 1.56:1. The maximum number of patients (36%) were in between 61-70 years of age. Majority of the patients (40%) came from middle class (TK. 7000-10,000/Month). A significant number of patients had high level of lipid profile e.g. Total cholesterol (>200 mg/dl) 73.33%, LDL (>150 mg/dl) 60%, TG (>150 mg/dl) 70%. In many cases multiple risk factors were present. It was observed that hypertension was the most common major risk factor for stroke. Among the 60% of the hypertensive patients only 45% were controlled with treatment and 33.33% were uncontrolled with treatment and 21.66% did not take any medicine or measures. About 47% were smoker. Diabetes mellitus was detected in 26% of patients which is lower than hypertension and hyperlipidaemia. About 25% of patient had history of previous stroke and 20% patient had family history of stroke. Only 6% was alcoholic. Among the female patients 5% received oral pills. Conclusion: Hypertension is one of the major risk factors for the stroke. For the management and prevention of hypertension like stroke, we are recommending the following measures like Hypertension screening programme for early detection, management and follow up and increase awareness regarding hypertension and its complication. It should be controlled by personal motivation, anti-smoking campaign, banding of the smoking propaganda in the TV, Radio, News paper, poster, banner, leaflet etc. Ensure punishment for smoking in open public places and public transports.
Keywords
Ischemic, Stroke, Hypertension
To cite this article
Tazin Afrose Shah, Farhan Matin, Anarul Islam, Mahabubur Rahman, Mohiduzzaman Tony, Md. Hyder Ali, Study on Risk Factor Evaluation of Ischaemic Stroke Patients Admitted in a Tertiary Care Hospital: 100 Cases, American Journal of Biomedical and Life Sciences. Vol. 8, No. 6, 2020, pp. 225-230. doi: 10.11648/j.ajbls.20200806.16
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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