Leisure-Time Physical Activity among University Students in Mauritius
American Journal of Health Research
Volume 1, Issue 1, July 2013, Pages: 1-8
Received: May 30, 2013; Published: Jun. 30, 2013
Views 4328      Downloads 342
Marie CHAN SUN, Faculty of Science, University of Mauritius, Reduit, MAURITIUS
Kawthur B. AZMUTALLY, Ministry of Health and Quality of Life of Mauritius, Port Louis, MAURITIUS
Article Tools
Follow on us
Mauritius has Type 2 Diabetes mellitus as public health issue, whereby unhealthy modes of eating and sedentary lifestyles are factors to be addressed in the primary prevention of the disease among the youth. This study was thus designed to investigate the prevalence of Leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) among university students in Mauritius and to explore their motivations and constraints to engage in LTPA, using the ecological model of health promotion. Data were collected from a representative group of university students in Mauritius using a self-administered questionnaire. Qualitative and quantitative data pertaining to LTPA issues were collected. Three-fifths of the participants met the recommended levels of LTPA. The majority of inactive participants were female. Motivations provided by participants to engage in LTPA were predominantly intrapersonal. The three most mentioned motivations were improvement in physical health, improvement in physical appearance and to have fun. Constraints faced by participants to engage in LTPA were mainly of an intrapersonal nature. The three main constraints provided by students were lack of time, having to study and not being motivated. Therefore, interventions to promote LTPA among university students should simultaneously address development of time-management skills and provision of incentives to perform LTPA.
Leisure-Time Physical Activity, Motivation, Constraint, University Students, Mauritius
To cite this article
Marie CHAN SUN, Kawthur B. AZMUTALLY, Leisure-Time Physical Activity among University Students in Mauritius, American Journal of Health Research. Vol. 1, No. 1, 2013, pp. 1-8. doi: 10.11648/j.ajhr.20130101.11
World Health Organization, 2007. Physical activity. Available from http://www.who.int/dietphysicalactivity/publications/
World Health Organization, "Global strategy on diet, physical activity and health," 2004. Available from http://www.who.int/dietphysicalactiviyt/en/
M. Chan Sun, "Type 2 diabetes mellitus: A public health problem in Mauritius," London Journal of Primary Care, Feb., pp. 1-8. Available from http://www.londonjournalofprimarycare.org.uk/articles/2481227.pdf
J. E. Shaw, R.A. Sicree, P.Z. Zimmet, (2010). "Global estimates of the prevalence of diabetes for 2010 and 2030," Diabetes Res Clin Pract, vol. 87, 2010, pp. 4–14, pmid:19896746.
D. J. Magliano, S. Soderberg, P. Z. Zimmet et al., (2012). "Explaining the Increase of Diabetes Prevalence and Plasma Glucose in Mauritius," Diabetes Care, vol. 35 (1), 2012, pp. 87-91.
Republic of Mauritius Ministry of Health and Quality of Life, "The Trends in Diabetes and Cardiovascular Disease Risk in Mauritius," Non Communicable Diseases Survey Report, 2009. Available from: http://www.gov.mu/portal/goc/moh/file/ncd/ncd-2009.pdf
Republic of Mauritius Ministry of Health and Quality of Life, Non Communicable Diseases Survey Report, 2004. Available from: http://www.gov.mu/portal/goc/moh/file/ncd/yr2004m.pdf
C. J. Caspersen, M. A. Pereira and K. M. Curran, "Changes in physical activity patterns in the United States, by sex and cross-sectional age," Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, vol. 32(9), 2000, pp. 1601-9.
S. R. Bray and H.A. Born, "Transition to university and vigorous physical activity: implications for health and psychological well-being," Journal of American College Health, vol.52, 2004, pp. 181-188.
P. B. Sparling & T. K. Snow, "Physical activity patterns in recent college alumni," Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, vol. 73, 2002, pp. 200-205.
E. Leslie, P. B. Sparling and N. Owen, "University campus settings and the promotion of physical activity in young adults: lessons from research in Australia and the USA," Health Education, vol 101, 2001, pp. 116-125.
P. M. Lantz, J. S. House, J. M. Lepkowski, D. R. Williams, R. P. Mero and J. Chen, "Socioeconomic factors, health behaviors, and mortality," Journal of the American Medical Association, vol. 279, 1998, pp. 1703–1708.
World Health Organization, "Closing the Gap in a Generation: Health Equity Through Action on the Social Determinants of Health,". Final Report of the Commission on Social Determinants of Health, 2008.
World Health Organization, "Global Physical Activity Questionnaire," 2007. [Online] Available from: http://www.who.int/chp/steps/resources/GPAQ_Analysis_Guide.pdf
International Physical Activity Questionnaire. Guidelines for Data Processing and Analysis of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire. [Online] Available from: http://www.ipaq.ki.se/scoring.pdf
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, "Physical Activity for Everyone," 2007. [Online] Available from: http://www.cdc.gov/nccdphp/dnpa/physical/measuring/examples.htm
World Health Organization, "Recommended Amount of Physical Activity," 2008. [Online] Available from: http://www.who.int/dietphysicalactivity/factsheet_recommendations/en/index.html
D. R. Weiss, J. L O'loughlin, R. W. Platt and G. Paradis, "Five-year predictors of physical activity decline among adults in low-income communities: a prospective study," International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, vol. 4 (2), 2007.
A. Haase, A. Steptoe, J. F. Sallis, J. Wardle, "Leisure-time physical activity in university students from 23 countries: associations with health beliefs, risk awareness, and national economic development," Preventive Medicine, vol. 39, 2004, pp. 182-190.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, "Physical activity for everyone-How much exercise do you need," 2007. Available from: http://www.cdc.gov/nccdphp/dnpa/physical/everyone/recommendations/index.htm
A. A. Eyler, "Personal, social, and environmental correlates of physical activity in rural Midwestern white women," Am J Prev Med., vol. 25(3 Suppl 1), 2003, pp. 86-92.
A. Schoenborn and P. Barnes, "Leisure-Time Physical Activity Among Adults: United States, 1997–98". Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics 2002, Advance Data No. 325.
L. Jaffee, J. M. Lutter, J. Rex, C. Hawkes, P. Buccacio, "Incentives and barriers to PA for working women," Am J Health Prom., vol. 13, 1999, pp. 215-218.
R. Vilhjalmsson and T. Thorlindsson, "Factors related to physical activity: a study of adolescents," Soc Sci Med., vol. 47, 1998, pp. 665–675.
J. Coakley and A. White, "Making decisions: gender and sport participation among British adolescents," Sociol Sport J., vol 9, 1992, pp. 20–35.
J. Tergerson and K. King, "Do perceived cues, benefits, and barriers to physical activity differ between male and female adolescents?," J Sch Health, vol. 72, 2002, pp. 374–380.
E. Leslie, N. Owen, J. Salmon, A. Bauman, J. F. Sallis, S. K. Lo, "Insufficiently active Australian college students: Perceived personal, social, and environmental influences," Preventive Medicine, vol. 28, 1999, pp. 20-27.
K. Silliman, K. Rodas-Fortier, M. Neyman, "Dietary and Exercise Habits and Perceived Barriers to Following a Healthy Lifestyle in a College Population," Californian Journal of Health Promotion, vol. 2, 2004, pp. 10-19.
R. M. Ryan, C. M. Fredrick, D. Lepes, N. Rubio & K. M. Sheldon, "Intrinsic motivation and exercise adherence," International Journal of Sport Psychology, vol. 28, 1997, pp. 335-354.
R. K. Dishman, J. F. Sallis and D. R. Orenstein, "The determinants of physical activity and exercise," Public Health Rep., vol. 100, 1985, pp. 158-171.
W. F. Simpson, H. N. Brehm, M. L. Rasmussen, J. Ramsay and J. C. Probst, "Health and fitness profiles of collegiate undergraduate students," Journal of exercise physiology, vol. 5(3), 2002, pp. 14-27.
S. N. Pearman, R. F. Valois, R. G. Sargent, R. P. Saunders, J. W. Drane and C. A. Macera, "The impact of a required college health and physical education course on the health status of alumni," Journal of American College Health, vol. 46, 1997, pp. 77-85.
N. Owen, N. Humpel, J. Salmon and P. Oja, "Environmental Influences on Physical Activity," In Health Enhancing Physical Activity Volume 6. Edited by: P. Oja, J. Borms. Berlin, Germany: International Society of Sport Science and Physical Education, 2004.
J. C. Spence and R. Lee, "Toward a comprehensive model of physical activity," Psychology of Sport and Exercise. Vol. 4, 2003, pp. 7-24.
C. T. Orleans, "Promoting the maintenance of health behavior change: recommendations for the next generation of research and practice," Health Psychol., vol. 19, 2000, pp. 76–83.
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186