Maternal Ophthalmic Artery Doppler Indices in Type 1 Diabetes during Pregnancy
American Journal of Health Research
Volume 2, Issue 3, May 2014, Pages: 89-92
Received: Mar. 10, 2014; Accepted: Apr. 16, 2014; Published: Apr. 30, 2014
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Authors
Gehan Abdelhaleim Abdelhaleim Ahmed, Radiology Department, Sudan University of Science and Technology, College of Medical Radiological Science, Khartoum, Sudan
Elsafi Ahmed Abdalla, Radiology Department, Sudan University of Science and Technology, College of Medical Radiological Science, Khartoum, Sudan
Caroline Edward Ayad, Radiology Department, Sudan University of Science and Technology, College of Medical Radiological Science, Khartoum, Sudan
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Abstract
This Study aimed to assess the Doppler indices for ophthalmic artery in type 1diabetic pregnant ladies. Inclusion criteria were 15diabetic pregnant ladies, their ages were (30-39), 14 healthy pregnant non diabetic ladies aged (30-37), and 15 healthy non pregnant non diabetic subjects aged (30-41) were selected as control group. Pregnant ladies with eye disease or pregnancy abnormality or preeclampsia were excluded. Ultrasound examination for both eyes were obtained using 7.5MHZ high resolution ultrasound machine. Readings of Ophthalmic artery Doppler indices (resistive index (RI), pulsatility index (PI)) for type 1 diabetes ladies were found to be greater when compared with the control group values and Mean Velocity (MV) was of lower values. The mean values ± SD were as follows: for right eye: resistive index, 1.3 ± 0.2 (P < .005 Control0.8 ± 0.1); pulsatility index, (3.6 ± 0.4 (P < .005Control1.6 ± 0.4); Mean Velocity (MV) 5.2 ± 1.1(P < .005 Control 8.4 ± 3.2). For left eye resistive index, 1.4 ± 0.2 (P < .005 Control 0.7 ± 0.1); pulsatility index, 3.3 ± 0.5 (P < .005Control 1.6 ± 0.3); Mean Velocity (MV) 5.7 ± 0.8 (P < .005 Control 8.5 ± 3.2). The correlations between the variables and gestational age in the two pregnant groups were studied and were compared with the control group and maternal treatment. The study revealed that the Doppler indices for right and left eyes differed significantly within the three trimesters for pregnant diabetic and pregnant non diabetic ladies and when compared with the control group at p-value ˂0.05. No significant difference was detected between the Doppler indices and the treatment taken as Diet Control, or insulin for type 1 diabetic pregnant ladies. Color Doppler Ultrasonography is useful for assessing blood flow. Ophthalmic arteries Doppler Indices were affected significantly in pregnant ladies with or without type 1diabetes.
Keywords
Type 1 Diabetes, Pregnancy, Doppler Ultrasonography
To cite this article
Gehan Abdelhaleim Abdelhaleim Ahmed, Elsafi Ahmed Abdalla, Caroline Edward Ayad, Maternal Ophthalmic Artery Doppler Indices in Type 1 Diabetes during Pregnancy, American Journal of Health Research. Vol. 2, No. 3, 2014, pp. 89-92. doi: 10.11648/j.ajhr.20140203.12
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